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authorDaniel Baumann <daniel.baumann@progress-linux.org>2018-05-19 20:22:11 +0000
committerDaniel Baumann <daniel.baumann@progress-linux.org>2018-05-19 20:22:11 +0000
commit4307d07dc8fe0aa60e2c09e2cdc1f4a36ef844a8 (patch)
tree4ee9a0c1367f697d3d64586a71d0e8d9b481c615
parentInitial commit. (diff)
downloadbash-4307d07dc8fe0aa60e2c09e2cdc1f4a36ef844a8.zip
bash-4307d07dc8fe0aa60e2c09e2cdc1f4a36ef844a8.tar.xz
Adding upstream version 4.4.upstream/4.4upstream
Signed-off-by: Daniel Baumann <daniel.baumann@progress-linux.org>
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diff --git a/ABOUT-NLS b/ABOUT-NLS
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..47d5e39
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ABOUT-NLS
@@ -0,0 +1,625 @@
+Notes on the Free Translation Project
+*************************************
+
+ Free software is going international! The Free Translation Project
+is a way to get maintainers of free software, translators, and users all
+together, so that will gradually become able to speak many languages.
+A few packages already provide translations for their messages.
+
+ If you found this `ABOUT-NLS' file inside a distribution, you may
+assume that the distributed package does use GNU `gettext' internally,
+itself available at your nearest GNU archive site. But you do _not_
+need to install GNU `gettext' prior to configuring, installing or using
+this package with messages translated.
+
+ Installers will find here some useful hints. These notes also
+explain how users should proceed for getting the programs to use the
+available translations. They tell how people wanting to contribute and
+work at translations should contact the appropriate team.
+
+ When reporting bugs in the `intl/' directory or bugs which may be
+related to internationalization, you should tell about the version of
+`gettext' which is used. The information can be found in the
+`intl/VERSION' file, in internationalized packages.
+
+Quick configuration advice
+==========================
+
+ If you want to exploit the full power of internationalization, you
+should configure it using
+
+ ./configure --with-included-gettext
+
+to force usage of internationalizing routines provided within this
+package, despite the existence of internationalizing capabilities in the
+operating system where this package is being installed. So far, only
+the `gettext' implementation in the GNU C library version 2 provides as
+many features (such as locale alias, message inheritance, automatic
+charset conversion or plural form handling) as the implementation here.
+It is also not possible to offer this additional functionality on top
+of a `catgets' implementation. Future versions of GNU `gettext' will
+very likely convey even more functionality. So it might be a good idea
+to change to GNU `gettext' as soon as possible.
+
+ So you need _not_ provide this option if you are using GNU libc 2 or
+you have installed a recent copy of the GNU gettext package with the
+included `libintl'.
+
+INSTALL Matters
+===============
+
+ Some packages are "localizable" when properly installed; the
+programs they contain can be made to speak your own native language.
+Most such packages use GNU `gettext'. Other packages have their own
+ways to internationalization, predating GNU `gettext'.
+
+ By default, this package will be installed to allow translation of
+messages. It will automatically detect whether the system already
+provides the GNU `gettext' functions. If not, the GNU `gettext' own
+library will be used. This library is wholly contained within this
+package, usually in the `intl/' subdirectory, so prior installation of
+the GNU `gettext' package is _not_ required. Installers may use
+special options at configuration time for changing the default
+behaviour. The commands:
+
+ ./configure --with-included-gettext
+ ./configure --disable-nls
+
+will respectively bypass any pre-existing `gettext' to use the
+internationalizing routines provided within this package, or else,
+_totally_ disable translation of messages.
+
+ When you already have GNU `gettext' installed on your system and run
+configure without an option for your new package, `configure' will
+probably detect the previously built and installed `libintl.a' file and
+will decide to use this. This might be not what is desirable. You
+should use the more recent version of the GNU `gettext' library. I.e.
+if the file `intl/VERSION' shows that the library which comes with this
+package is more recent, you should use
+
+ ./configure --with-included-gettext
+
+to prevent auto-detection.
+
+ The configuration process will not test for the `catgets' function
+and therefore it will not be used. The reason is that even an
+emulation of `gettext' on top of `catgets' could not provide all the
+extensions of the GNU `gettext' library.
+
+ Internationalized packages have usually many `po/LL.po' files, where
+LL gives an ISO 639 two-letter code identifying the language. Unless
+translations have been forbidden at `configure' time by using the
+`--disable-nls' switch, all available translations are installed
+together with the package. However, the environment variable `LINGUAS'
+may be set, prior to configuration, to limit the installed set.
+`LINGUAS' should then contain a space separated list of two-letter
+codes, stating which languages are allowed.
+
+Using This Package
+==================
+
+ As a user, if your language has been installed for this package, you
+only have to set the `LANG' environment variable to the appropriate
+`LL_CC' combination. Here `LL' is an ISO 639 two-letter language code,
+and `CC' is an ISO 3166 two-letter country code. For example, let's
+suppose that you speak German and live in Germany. At the shell
+prompt, merely execute `setenv LANG de_DE' (in `csh'),
+`export LANG; LANG=de_DE' (in `sh') or `export LANG=de_DE' (in `bash').
+This can be done from your `.login' or `.profile' file, once and for
+all.
+
+ You might think that the country code specification is redundant.
+But in fact, some languages have dialects in different countries. For
+example, `de_AT' is used for Austria, and `pt_BR' for Brazil. The
+country code serves to distinguish the dialects.
+
+ The locale naming convention of `LL_CC', with `LL' denoting the
+language and `CC' denoting the country, is the one use on systems based
+on GNU libc. On other systems, some variations of this scheme are
+used, such as `LL' or `LL_CC.ENCODING'. You can get the list of
+locales supported by your system for your country by running the command
+`locale -a | grep '^LL''.
+
+ Not all programs have translations for all languages. By default, an
+English message is shown in place of a nonexistent translation. If you
+understand other languages, you can set up a priority list of languages.
+This is done through a different environment variable, called
+`LANGUAGE'. GNU `gettext' gives preference to `LANGUAGE' over `LANG'
+for the purpose of message handling, but you still need to have `LANG'
+set to the primary language; this is required by other parts of the
+system libraries. For example, some Swedish users who would rather
+read translations in German than English for when Swedish is not
+available, set `LANGUAGE' to `sv:de' while leaving `LANG' to `sv_SE'.
+
+ In the `LANGUAGE' environment variable, but not in the `LANG'
+environment variable, `LL_CC' combinations can be abbreviated as `LL'
+to denote the language's main dialect. For example, `de' is equivalent
+to `de_DE' (German as spoken in Germany), and `pt' to `pt_PT'
+(Portuguese as spoken in Portugal) in this context.
+
+Translating Teams
+=================
+
+ For the Free Translation Project to be a success, we need interested
+people who like their own language and write it well, and who are also
+able to synergize with other translators speaking the same language.
+Each translation team has its own mailing list. The up-to-date list of
+teams can be found at the Free Translation Project's homepage,
+`http://www.iro.umontreal.ca/contrib/po/HTML/', in the "National teams"
+area.
+
+ If you'd like to volunteer to _work_ at translating messages, you
+should become a member of the translating team for your own language.
+The subscribing address is _not_ the same as the list itself, it has
+`-request' appended. For example, speakers of Swedish can send a
+message to `sv-request@li.org', having this message body:
+
+ subscribe
+
+ Keep in mind that team members are expected to participate
+_actively_ in translations, or at solving translational difficulties,
+rather than merely lurking around. If your team does not exist yet and
+you want to start one, or if you are unsure about what to do or how to
+get started, please write to `translation@iro.umontreal.ca' to reach the
+coordinator for all translator teams.
+
+ The English team is special. It works at improving and uniformizing
+the terminology in use. Proven linguistic skill are praised more than
+programming skill, here.
+
+Available Packages
+==================
+
+ Languages are not equally supported in all packages. The following
+matrix shows the current state of internationalization, as of May 2003.
+The matrix shows, in regard of each package, for which languages PO
+files have been submitted to translation coordination, with a
+translation percentage of at least 50%.
+
+ Ready PO files am az be bg ca cs da de el en en_GB eo es
+ +-------------------------------------------+
+ a2ps | [] [] [] [] |
+ aegis | () |
+ anubis | |
+ ap-utils | |
+ bash | [] [] [] |
+ batchelor | |
+ bfd | [] [] |
+ binutils | [] [] |
+ bison | [] [] [] |
+ bluez-pin | [] [] |
+ clisp | |
+ clisp | [] [] [] |
+ coreutils | [] [] [] [] |
+ cpio | [] [] [] |
+ darkstat | () [] |
+ diffutils | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ e2fsprogs | [] [] |
+ enscript | [] [] [] [] |
+ error | [] [] [] [] [] |
+ fetchmail | [] () [] [] [] [] |
+ fileutils | [] [] [] |
+ findutils | [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ flex | [] [] [] [] |
+ gas | [] |
+ gawk | [] [] [] [] |
+ gcal | [] |
+ gcc | [] [] |
+ gettext | [] [] [] [] [] |
+ gettext-runtime | [] [] [] [] [] |
+ gettext-tools | [] [] |
+ gimp-print | [] [] [] [] [] |
+ gliv | |
+ glunarclock | [] [] [] |
+ gnucash | () [] |
+ gnucash-glossary | [] () [] |
+ gnupg | [] () [] [] [] [] |
+ gpe-calendar | [] |
+ gpe-conf | [] |
+ gpe-contacts | [] |
+ gpe-edit | |
+ gpe-login | [] |
+ gpe-ownerinfo | [] |
+ gpe-sketchbook | [] |
+ gpe-timesheet | |
+ gpe-today | [] |
+ gpe-todo | [] |
+ gphoto2 | [] [] [] [] |
+ gprof | [] [] |
+ gpsdrive | () () () |
+ grep | [] [] [] [] [] |
+ gretl | [] |
+ hello | [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ id-utils | [] [] |
+ indent | [] [] [] [] |
+ jpilot | [] [] [] [] |
+ jwhois | [] |
+ kbd | [] [] [] [] [] |
+ ld | [] [] |
+ libc | [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ libgpewidget | [] |
+ libiconv | [] [] [] [] [] |
+ lifelines | [] () |
+ lilypond | [] |
+ lingoteach | |
+ lingoteach_lessons | () () |
+ lynx | [] [] [] [] |
+ m4 | [] [] [] [] |
+ mailutils | [] [] |
+ make | [] [] [] |
+ man-db | [] () [] [] () |
+ mysecretdiary | [] [] [] |
+ nano | [] () [] [] [] |
+ nano_1_0 | [] () [] [] [] |
+ opcodes | [] [] |
+ parted | [] [] [] [] [] |
+ ptx | [] [] [] [] [] |
+ python | |
+ radius | |
+ recode | [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ screem | |
+ sed | [] [] [] [] [] |
+ sh-utils | [] [] [] |
+ sharutils | [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ sketch | [] () [] |
+ soundtracker | [] [] [] |
+ sp | [] |
+ tar | [] [] [] [] |
+ texinfo | [] [] [] [] |
+ textutils | [] [] [] [] |
+ tin | () () |
+ util-linux | [] [] [] [] [] |
+ vorbis-tools | [] [] [] |
+ wastesedge | () |
+ wdiff | [] [] [] [] |
+ wget | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ xchat | [] [] [] |
+ xpad | |
+ +-------------------------------------------+
+ am az be bg ca cs da de el en en_GB eo es
+ 0 1 4 2 31 17 54 60 14 1 4 12 56
+
+ et fa fi fr ga gl he hr hu id it ja ko
+ +----------------------------------------+
+ a2ps | [] [] [] () () |
+ aegis | |
+ anubis | [] |
+ ap-utils | [] |
+ bash | [] [] |
+ batchelor | [] |
+ bfd | [] [] |
+ binutils | [] [] |
+ bison | [] [] [] [] |
+ bluez-pin | [] [] [] [] |
+ clisp | |
+ clisp | [] |
+ coreutils | [] [] [] [] |
+ cpio | [] [] [] [] |
+ darkstat | () [] [] [] |
+ diffutils | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ e2fsprogs | |
+ enscript | [] [] |
+ error | [] [] [] [] |
+ fetchmail | [] |
+ fileutils | [] [] [] [] [] |
+ findutils | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ flex | [] [] |
+ gas | [] |
+ gawk | [] [] |
+ gcal | [] |
+ gcc | [] |
+ gettext | [] [] [] |
+ gettext-runtime | [] [] [] [] |
+ gettext-tools | [] |
+ gimp-print | [] [] |
+ gliv | () |
+ glunarclock | [] [] [] [] |
+ gnucash | [] |
+ gnucash-glossary | [] |
+ gnupg | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ gpe-calendar | [] |
+ gpe-conf | |
+ gpe-contacts | [] |
+ gpe-edit | [] [] |
+ gpe-login | [] |
+ gpe-ownerinfo | [] [] [] |
+ gpe-sketchbook | [] |
+ gpe-timesheet | [] [] [] |
+ gpe-today | [] [] |
+ gpe-todo | [] [] |
+ gphoto2 | [] [] [] |
+ gprof | [] [] |
+ gpsdrive | () [] () () |
+ grep | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ gretl | [] |
+ hello | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ id-utils | [] [] [] |
+ indent | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ jpilot | [] () |
+ jwhois | [] [] [] [] |
+ kbd | [] |
+ ld | [] |
+ libc | [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ libgpewidget | [] [] [] |
+ libiconv | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ lifelines | () |
+ lilypond | [] |
+ lingoteach | [] [] |
+ lingoteach_lessons | |
+ lynx | [] [] [] [] |
+ m4 | [] [] [] [] |
+ mailutils | |
+ make | [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ man-db | [] () () |
+ mysecretdiary | [] [] |
+ nano | [] [] [] [] |
+ nano_1_0 | [] [] [] [] |
+ opcodes | [] [] |
+ parted | [] [] [] |
+ ptx | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ python | |
+ radius | |
+ recode | [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ screem | |
+ sed | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ sh-utils | [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ sharutils | [] [] [] [] [] |
+ sketch | [] |
+ soundtracker | [] [] [] |
+ sp | [] () |
+ tar | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ texinfo | [] [] [] [] |
+ textutils | [] [] [] [] [] |
+ tin | [] () |
+ util-linux | [] [] [] [] () [] |
+ vorbis-tools | [] |
+ wastesedge | () |
+ wdiff | [] [] [] [] [] |
+ wget | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ xchat | [] [] [] |
+ xpad | |
+ +----------------------------------------+
+ et fa fi fr ga gl he hr hu id it ja ko
+ 20 1 15 73 14 24 8 10 30 31 19 31 9
+
+ lg lt lv ms nb nl nn no pl pt pt_BR ro
+ +----------------------------------------+
+ a2ps | [] [] () () () [] [] |
+ aegis | () |
+ anubis | [] [] |
+ ap-utils | () |
+ bash | [] |
+ batchelor | |
+ bfd | |
+ binutils | |
+ bison | [] [] [] [] |
+ bluez-pin | [] |
+ clisp | |
+ clisp | [] |
+ coreutils | [] |
+ cpio | [] [] [] |
+ darkstat | [] [] [] [] |
+ diffutils | [] [] [] |
+ e2fsprogs | |
+ enscript | [] [] |
+ error | [] [] |
+ fetchmail | () () |
+ fileutils | [] |
+ findutils | [] [] [] [] |
+ flex | [] |
+ gas | |
+ gawk | [] |
+ gcal | |
+ gcc | |
+ gettext | [] |
+ gettext-runtime | [] |
+ gettext-tools | |
+ gimp-print | [] |
+ gliv | [] |
+ glunarclock | [] |
+ gnucash | |
+ gnucash-glossary | [] [] |
+ gnupg | |
+ gpe-calendar | [] [] |
+ gpe-conf | [] [] |
+ gpe-contacts | [] |
+ gpe-edit | [] [] |
+ gpe-login | [] [] |
+ gpe-ownerinfo | [] [] |
+ gpe-sketchbook | [] [] |
+ gpe-timesheet | [] [] |
+ gpe-today | [] [] |
+ gpe-todo | [] [] |
+ gphoto2 | |
+ gprof | [] |
+ gpsdrive | () () () |
+ grep | [] [] [] [] |
+ gretl | |
+ hello | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ id-utils | [] [] [] |
+ indent | [] [] [] |
+ jpilot | () () |
+ jwhois | [] [] [] |
+ kbd | |
+ ld | |
+ libc | [] [] [] [] |
+ libgpewidget | [] [] |
+ libiconv | [] [] |
+ lifelines | |
+ lilypond | [] |
+ lingoteach | |
+ lingoteach_lessons | |
+ lynx | [] [] |
+ m4 | [] [] [] [] |
+ mailutils | |
+ make | [] [] |
+ man-db | [] |
+ mysecretdiary | [] |
+ nano | [] [] [] [] |
+ nano_1_0 | [] [] [] [] |
+ opcodes | [] [] [] |
+ parted | [] [] [] |
+ ptx | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ python | |
+ radius | |
+ recode | [] [] [] |
+ screem | |
+ sed | [] [] |
+ sh-utils | [] |
+ sharutils | [] |
+ sketch | [] |
+ soundtracker | |
+ sp | |
+ tar | [] [] [] [] [] [] |
+ texinfo | [] |
+ textutils | [] |
+ tin | |
+ util-linux | [] [] |
+ vorbis-tools | [] [] |
+ wastesedge | |
+ wdiff | [] [] [] [] |
+ wget | [] [] [] |
+ xchat | [] [] |
+ xpad | [] |
+ +----------------------------------------+
+ lg lt lv ms nb nl nn no pl pt pt_BR ro
+ 0 0 2 11 7 26 3 4 18 15 34 34
+
+ ru sk sl sr sv ta tr uk vi wa zh_CN zh_TW
+ +-------------------------------------------+
+ a2ps | [] [] [] [] [] | 16
+ aegis | () | 0
+ anubis | [] [] | 5
+ ap-utils | () | 1
+ bash | [] | 7
+ batchelor | | 1
+ bfd | [] [] [] | 7
+ binutils | [] [] [] | 7
+ bison | [] [] | 13
+ bluez-pin | | 7
+ clisp | | 0
+ clisp | | 5
+ coreutils | [] [] [] [] [] | 14
+ cpio | [] [] [] | 13
+ darkstat | [] () () | 9
+ diffutils | [] [] [] [] | 21
+ e2fsprogs | [] | 3
+ enscript | [] [] [] | 11
+ error | [] [] [] | 14
+ fetchmail | [] | 7
+ fileutils | [] [] [] [] [] [] | 15
+ findutils | [] [] [] [] [] [] | 27
+ flex | [] [] [] | 10
+ gas | [] | 3
+ gawk | [] [] | 9
+ gcal | [] [] | 4
+ gcc | [] | 4
+ gettext | [] [] [] [] [] [] | 15
+ gettext-runtime | [] [] [] [] [] [] | 16
+ gettext-tools | [] [] | 5
+ gimp-print | [] [] | 10
+ gliv | | 1
+ glunarclock | [] [] [] | 11
+ gnucash | [] [] | 4
+ gnucash-glossary | [] [] [] | 8
+ gnupg | [] [] [] [] | 16
+ gpe-calendar | [] | 5
+ gpe-conf | | 3
+ gpe-contacts | [] | 4
+ gpe-edit | [] | 5
+ gpe-login | [] | 5
+ gpe-ownerinfo | [] | 7
+ gpe-sketchbook | [] | 5
+ gpe-timesheet | [] | 6
+ gpe-today | [] | 6
+ gpe-todo | [] | 6
+ gphoto2 | [] [] | 9
+ gprof | [] [] | 7
+ gpsdrive | [] [] | 3
+ grep | [] [] [] [] | 24
+ gretl | | 2
+ hello | [] [] [] [] [] | 33
+ id-utils | [] [] [] | 11
+ indent | [] [] [] [] | 19
+ jpilot | [] [] [] [] [] | 10
+ jwhois | () () [] [] | 10
+ kbd | [] [] | 8
+ ld | [] [] | 5
+ libc | [] [] [] [] | 20
+ libgpewidget | | 6
+ libiconv | [] [] [] [] [] [] | 21
+ lifelines | [] | 2
+ lilypond | [] | 4
+ lingoteach | | 2
+ lingoteach_lessons | () | 0
+ lynx | [] [] [] [] | 14
+ m4 | [] [] [] | 15
+ mailutils | | 2
+ make | [] [] [] [] | 15
+ man-db | [] | 6
+ mysecretdiary | [] [] | 8
+ nano | [] [] [] | 15
+ nano_1_0 | [] [] [] | 15
+ opcodes | [] [] | 9
+ parted | [] [] | 13
+ ptx | [] [] [] | 22
+ python | | 0
+ radius | | 0
+ recode | [] [] [] [] | 19
+ screem | [] | 1
+ sed | [] [] [] [] [] | 20
+ sh-utils | [] [] [] | 13
+ sharutils | [] [] [] [] | 16
+ sketch | [] | 5
+ soundtracker | [] | 7
+ sp | [] | 3
+ tar | [] [] [] [] [] | 24
+ texinfo | [] [] [] [] | 13
+ textutils | [] [] [] [] [] | 15
+ tin | | 1
+ util-linux | [] [] | 14
+ vorbis-tools | [] | 7
+ wastesedge | | 0
+ wdiff | [] [] [] [] | 17
+ wget | [] [] [] [] [] [] [] | 25
+ xchat | [] [] [] | 11
+ xpad | | 1
+ +-------------------------------------------+
+ 50 teams ru sk sl sr sv ta tr uk vi wa zh_CN zh_TW
+ 97 domains 32 19 16 0 56 0 48 10 1 1 12 23 913
+
+ Some counters in the preceding matrix are higher than the number of
+visible blocks let us expect. This is because a few extra PO files are
+used for implementing regional variants of languages, or language
+dialects.
+
+ For a PO file in the matrix above to be effective, the package to
+which it applies should also have been internationalized and
+distributed as such by its maintainer. There might be an observable
+lag between the mere existence a PO file and its wide availability in a
+distribution.
+
+ If May 2003 seems to be old, you may fetch a more recent copy of
+this `ABOUT-NLS' file on most GNU archive sites. The most up-to-date
+matrix with full percentage details can be found at
+`http://www.iro.umontreal.ca/contrib/po/HTML/matrix.html'.
+
+Using `gettext' in new packages
+===============================
+
+ If you are writing a freely available program and want to
+internationalize it you are welcome to use GNU `gettext' in your
+package. Of course you have to respect the GNU Library General Public
+License which covers the use of the GNU `gettext' library. This means
+in particular that even non-free programs can use `libintl' as a shared
+library, whereas only free software can use `libintl' as a static
+library or use modified versions of `libintl'.
+
+ Once the sources are changed appropriately and the setup can handle
+the use of `gettext' the only thing missing are the translations. The
+Free Translation Project is also available for packages which are not
+developed inside the GNU project. Therefore the information given above
+applies also for every other Free Software Project. Contact
+`translation@iro.umontreal.ca' to make the `.pot' files available to
+the translation teams.
+
diff --git a/AUTHORS b/AUTHORS
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9ad0ba2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/AUTHORS
@@ -0,0 +1,466 @@
+#
+# Master author manifest for bash
+#
+# The files in lib/intl were taken from the GNU gettext distribution.
+#
+# Any files appearing in the bash distribution not listed in this file
+# were created by Chet Ramey.
+#
+# Filename authors (first is original author)
+#
+README Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+INSTALL Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+COPYING Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+MANIFEST Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+configure Chet Ramey
+Makefile.in Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+configure.in Chet Ramey
+aclocal.m4 Chet Ramey
+config.h.top Chet Ramey
+config.h.bot Chet Ramey
+config.h.in Chet Ramey
+array.c Chet Ramey
+print_cmd.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+general.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+variables.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+make_cmd.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+copy_cmd.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+unwind_prot.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+dispose_cmd.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+getcwd.c Roland McGrath, Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+bashhist.c Chet Ramey
+hash.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+parse.y Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+subst.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+shell.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+sig.c Chet Ramey
+trap.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+siglist.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+version.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+flags.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+jobs.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+input.c Chet Ramey
+mailcheck.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+pathexp.c Chet Ramey
+test.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+expr.c Chet Ramey, Brian Fox
+alias.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+execute_cmd.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+bashline.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+braces.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+bracecomp.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey, Tom Tromey
+nojobs.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+vprint.c Chet Ramey
+oslib.c Chet Ramey
+error.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+xmalloc.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+alias.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+array.h Chet Ramey
+builtins.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+parser.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+variables.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+machines.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+jobs.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+maxpath.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+pathexp.h Chet Ramey
+mailcheck.h Chet Ramey
+filecntl.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+hash.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+quit.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+flags.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+shell.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+bashjmp.h Chet Ramey
+sig.h Chet Ramey
+trap.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+general.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+unwind_prot.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+input.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+error.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+command.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+externs.h Chet Ramey
+siglist.h Chet Ramey
+subst.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+dispose_cmd.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+bashansi.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+make_cmd.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+bashhist.h Chet Ramey
+bashline.h Chet Ramey
+execute_cmd.h Chet Ramey
+bashtypes.h Chet Ramey
+bashtty.h Chet Ramey
+pathnames.h Chet Ramey
+y.tab.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+y.tab.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+parser-built Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+posixstat.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+stdc.h Chet Ramey
+ansi_stdlib.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+memalloc.h Chet Ramey
+builtins/ChangeLog Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/Makefile.in Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/alias.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/bind.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/break.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/builtin.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/caller.def Rocky Bernstein, Chet Ramey
+builtins/cd.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/colon.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/command.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/common.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/declare.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/echo.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/enable.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/eval.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/exec.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/exit.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/fc.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/fg_bg.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/getopt.c Roland McGrath, Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/getopt.h Roland McGrath, Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/getopts.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/hash.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/hashcom.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/help.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/let.def Chet Ramey, Brian Fox
+builtins/history.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/jobs.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/kill.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/mapfile.def Rocky Bernstein
+builtins/mkbuiltins.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/pushd.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/read.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/reserved.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/return.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/set.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/setattr.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/shift.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/shopt.def Chet Ramey
+builtins/source.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/suspend.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/test.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/times.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/trap.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/type.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/ulimit.def Chet Ramey, Brian Fox
+builtins/umask.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/wait.def Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+builtins/psize.c Chet Ramey, Brian Fox
+builtins/psize.sh Chet Ramey, Brian Fox
+builtins/inlib.def Chet Ramey
+builtins/bashgetopt.c Chet Ramey
+builtins/common.h Chet Ramey
+builtins/bashgetopt.h Chet Ramey
+lib/doc-support/texindex.c bug-texinfo@prep.ai.mit.edu, Chet Ramey
+lib/doc-support/Makefile.in Chet Ramey
+lib/doc-support/getopt.h Roland McGrath
+lib/doc-support/getopt.c Roland McGrath
+lib/doc-support/getopt1.c Roland McGrath
+lib/glob/ChangeLog Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/glob/Makefile.in Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/glob/strmatch.c Roland McGrath, Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/glob/strmatch.h Roland McGrath, Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/glob/glob.c Richard Stallman, Roland McGrath, Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/glob/glob.h Chet Ramey
+lib/glob/ndir.h Doug Gwyn, Richard Stallman
+lib/glob/doc/Makefile.in Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/glob/doc/glob.texi Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/malloc/Makefile.in Chet Ramey
+lib/malloc/alloca.c Doug Gwyn, Richard Stallman, Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/malloc/getpagesize.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/malloc/malloc.c Chris Kingsley, Mike Muuss, Richard Stallman, Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/malloc/gmalloc.c Mike Haertel, Roland McGrath
+lib/malloc/stub.c Chet Ramey
+lib/malloc/i386-alloca.s Richard Stallman
+lib/malloc/x386-alloca.s Chip Salzenberg, Richard Stallman
+lib/malloc/xmalloc.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/posixheaders/posixstat.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/posixheaders/ansi_stdlib.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/posixheaders/stdc.h Chet Ramey
+lib/posixheaders/memalloc.h Chet Ramey
+lib/posixheaders/filecntl.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/Makefile.in Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/COPYING Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/ChangeLog Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/readline.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/vi_mode.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/emacs_keymap.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/vi_keymap.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/funmap.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/keymaps.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/xmalloc.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/search.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/isearch.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/parens.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/rltty.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/complete.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/bind.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/display.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/signals.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/kill.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/undo.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/input.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/macro.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/util.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/callback.c Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/readline.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/chardefs.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/keymaps.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/rldefs.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/posixstat.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/ansi_stdlib.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/memalloc.h Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/rlconf.h Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/rltty.h Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/history.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/histexpand.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/histfile.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/histsearch.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/history.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/histlib.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/tilde.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/tilde.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/doc/texindex.c bug-texinfo@prep.ai.mit.edu, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/doc/Makefile Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/doc/rlman.texinfo Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/doc/rltech.texinfo Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/doc/rluser.texinfo Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/doc/hist.texinfo Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/doc/hstech.texinfo Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/doc/hsuser.texinfo Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/examples/Makefile Brian Fox
+lib/readline/examples/fileman.c Brian Fox
+lib/readline/examples/manexamp.c Brian Fox
+lib/readline/examples/histexamp.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/examples/rltest.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/readline/examples/Inputrc Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/termcap/Makefile.in David MacKenzie, Chet Ramey
+lib/termcap/termcap.c David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/termcap.h David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/tparam.c David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/version.c David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/grot/termcap.info David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/grot/termcap.info-1 David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/grot/termcap.info-2 David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/grot/termcap.info-3 David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/grot/termcap.info-4 David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/grot/NEWS David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/grot/INSTALL David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/grot/ChangeLog David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/grot/texinfo.tex David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/grot/termcap.texi David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/grot/Makefile.in David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/grot/configure David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/grot/configure.in David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/grot/COPYING David MacKenzie
+lib/termcap/grot/README David MacKenzie
+lib/tilde/ChangeLog Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/tilde/Makefile.in Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/tilde/doc/tilde.texi Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/tilde/doc/Makefile Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/tilde/tilde.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/tilde/tilde.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+lib/tilde/memalloc.h Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+CWRU/misc/open-files.c Chet Ramey
+CWRU/misc/sigs.c Chet Ramey
+CWRU/misc/pid.c Chet Ramey
+CWRU/misc/sigstat.c Chet Ramey
+CWRU/misc/bison Chet Ramey
+CWRU/misc/aux-machine-desc Chet Ramey
+CWRU/PLATFORMS Chet Ramey
+CWRU/README Chet Ramey
+CWRU/CWRU.CHANGES.051093 Chet Ramey
+CWRU/POSIX.NOTES Chet Ramey
+CWRU/CWRU.CHANGES.071193 Chet Ramey
+CWRU/CWRU.CHANGES.090393 Chet Ramey
+doc/Makefile.in Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+doc/bash.1 Chet Ramey
+doc/builtins.1 Chet Ramey
+doc/bash.ps Chet Ramey
+doc/bash.txt Chet Ramey
+doc/readline.3 Chet Ramey
+doc/readline.ps Chet Ramey
+doc/readline.txt Chet Ramey
+doc/texinfo.tex Richard Stallman
+doc/features.texi Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+doc/features.ps Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+doc/features.info Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+doc/features.dvi Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+doc/bash_builtins.1 Chet Ramey
+doc/bash_builtins.ps Chet Ramey
+doc/bash_builtins.txt Chet Ramey
+doc/bash_builtins.readme Chet Ramey
+doc/article.ms Chet Ramey
+doc/FAQ Chet Ramey
+support/cat-s Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+support/mksysdefs Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+support/mkversion.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+support/mksignames.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+support/getcppsyms.c Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+support/cppmagic Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+support/pagesize.sh Chet Ramey, Brian Fox
+support/pagesize.c Chet Ramey, Brian Fox
+support/bash.xbm Brian Fox
+support/FAQ Brian Fox
+support/PORTING Brian Fox
+support/mklinks Brian Fox
+support/fixlinks Chet Ramey
+support/mkdirs Chet Ramey
+support/clone-bash Chet Ramey
+support/bashbug.sh Chet Ramey
+support/mkmachtype Chet Ramey
+support/recho.c Chet Ramey
+support/config.guess Per Bothner, Chet Ramey
+support/config.sub Richard Stallman, Chet Ramey
+support/install.sh MIT X Consortium (X11R5)
+support/endian.c Chet Ramey
+support/printenv Chet Ramey
+examples/precedence-tester Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+examples/functions/substr Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+examples/functions/kshenv Chet Ramey
+examples/functions/autoload Chet Ramey
+examples/functions/csh-compat Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+examples/functions/shcat Chet Ramey
+examples/functions/substr2 Chet Ramey
+examples/functions/term Chet Ramey
+examples/functions/whatis Chet Ramey
+examples/functions/whence Chet Ramey
+examples/functions/func Chet Ramey
+examples/functions/dirname Brian Fox, Noah Friedman
+examples/functions/basename Brian Fox, Noah Friedman
+examples/functions/exitstat Noah Friedman, Roland McGrath
+examples/functions/external Noah Friedman
+examples/functions/fact Brian Fox
+examples/functions/manpage Tom Tromey
+examples/functions/fstty Chet Ramey
+examples/functions/jj.bash Chet Ramey
+examples/functions/notify.bash Chet Ramey
+examples/loadables/getconf.c J.T. Conklin
+examples/scripts/shprompt Chet Ramey
+examples/scripts/adventure.sh Chet Ramey, Doug Gwyn
+examples/scripts/bcsh.sh Chris Robertson, Chet Ramey
+examples/startup-files/Bashrc Brian Fox
+examples/startup-files/Bash_aliases Brian Fox
+examples/startup-files/Bash_profile Brian Fox
+examples/startup-files/bash-profile Brian Fox
+examples/startup-files/bashrc Chet Ramey
+examples/suncmd.termcap Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+examples/alias-conv.sh Brian Fox, Chet Ramey
+tests/README Chet Ramey
+tests/arith.tests Chet Ramey
+tests/arith.right Chet Ramey
+tests/array.tests Chet Ramey
+tests/array.right Chet Ramey
+tests/dollar-at.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/dollar-star.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/dollar.right Chet Ramey
+tests/exp-tests Chet Ramey
+tests/exp.right Chet Ramey
+tests/glob-test Chet Ramey
+tests/glob.right Chet Ramey
+tests/ifs-test-1.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/ifs-test-2.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/ifs-test-3.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/ifs.1.right Chet Ramey
+tests/ifs.2.right Chet Ramey
+tests/ifs.3.right Chet Ramey
+tests/input-line.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/input-line.sub Chet Ramey
+tests/input.right Chet Ramey
+tests/minus-e Chet Ramey
+tests/minus-e.right Chet Ramey
+tests/new-exp.tests Chet Ramey
+tests/new-exp.right Chet Ramey
+tests/prec.right Chet Ramey
+tests/precedence Chet Ramey
+tests/run-all Chet Ramey
+tests/run-dollars Chet Ramey
+tests/run-exp-tests Chet Ramey
+tests/run-glob-test Chet Ramey
+tests/run-ifs-tests Chet Ramey
+tests/run-input-test Chet Ramey
+tests/run-minus-e Chet Ramey
+tests/run-new-exp Chet Ramey
+tests/run-precedence Chet Ramey
+tests/run-set-e-test Chet Ramey
+tests/run-strip Chet Ramey
+tests/run-varenv Chet Ramey
+tests/set-e-test Chet Ramey
+tests/set-e.right Chet Ramey
+tests/strip.tests Chet Ramey
+tests/strip.right Chet Ramey
+tests/tilde-tests Chet Ramey
+tests/tilde.right Chet Ramey
+tests/unicode1.sub Chet Ramey, John Kearney
+tests/varenv.right Chet Ramey
+tests/varenv.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/chld-trap.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/dot-test-1.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/dot-test-1.sub Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/gotest Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/perf-script Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/redir.t1.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/redir.t2.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/redir.t3.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/redir.t3.sub Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/redir.t4.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/run.r1.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/run.r2.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/run.r3.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/sigint.t1.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/sigint.t2.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/sigint.t3.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/sigint.t4.sh Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/test-minus-e.1 Chet Ramey
+tests/misc/test-minus-e.2 Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/Makefile.in Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/clktck.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/clock.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/fmtullong.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/fmtulong.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/getcwd.c Chet Ramey, Roland McGrath
+lib/sh/getenv.c Chet Ramey, Brian Fox
+lib/sh/inet_aton.c Chet Ramey, Ulrich Drepper, Paul Vixie
+lib/sh/itos.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/mailstat.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/makepath.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/mktime.c Chet Ramey, Paul Eggert
+lib/sh/netconn.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/netopen.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/oslib.c Chet Ramey, Brian Fox
+lib/sh/pathcanon.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/pathphys.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/rename.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/setlinebuf.c Chet Ramey, Brian Fox
+lib/sh/shquote.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/shtty.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/snprintf.c Chet Ramey, Unknown
+lib/sh/spell.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/strcasecmp.c Chet Ramey, Brian Fox
+lib/sh/strerror.c Chet Ramey, Brian Fox
+lib/sh/strftime.c Arnold Robbins
+lib/sh/strindex.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/stringlist.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/stringvec.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/strpbrk.c Roland McGrath
+lib/sh/strtod.c Chet Ramey, Roland McGrath
+lib/sh/strtoimax.c Chet Ramey, Paul Eggert
+lib/sh/strtol.c Chet Ramey, Paul Eggert
+lib/sh/strtoll.c Chet Ramey, Paul Eggert
+lib/sh/strtoul.c Chet Ramey, Paul Eggert
+lib/sh/strtoull.c Chet Ramey, Paul Eggert
+lib/sh/strtoumax.c Chet Ramey, Paul Eggert
+lib/sh/strtrans.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/times.c Chet Ramey, Brian Fox
+lib/sh/timeval.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/tmpfile.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/vprint.c Chet Ramey, Brian Fox
+lib/sh/xstrchr.c Chet Ramey, Mitsuru Chinen
+lib/sh/zread.c Chet Ramey
+lib/sh/zwrite.c Chet Ramey
+
+tests/posix-ifs.sh Glenn Fowler
+
+support/checkbashisms Julian Gilbey, Debian Linux team
+
+lib/readline/colors.c Richard Stallman, David MacKenzie
+lib/readline/parse-colors.c Richard Stallman, David MacKenzie
diff --git a/CHANGES b/CHANGES
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..43cb134
--- /dev/null
+++ b/CHANGES
@@ -0,0 +1,8862 @@
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.4-release, and
+the previous version, bash-4.4-rc2.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that could potentially result in a crash due to an integer
+ overflow.
+
+b. Fixed a bug in where commands printed due to `set -x' could be incorrectly
+ quoted if being printed in contexts where they haven't yet been expanded.
+
+c. Fixed several memory leaks.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that could potentially cause the terminal attributes to be
+ set incorrectly by a command run from a programmable completion.
+
+e. Fixed several potential buffer overflow issues in the word expansion code.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.4-rc2, and
+the previous version, bash-4.4-beta2.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed an out-of-bounds read in the redirection operator completion code.
+
+b. Fixed execution context so `until continue' doesn't disable execution for
+ subsequent commands.
+
+c. Fixed trap handling code so traps don't inherit a command's temporary
+ environment.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that resulted in incorrect line numbers when a function is
+ defined as part of another function's execution.
+
+e. Fixed a bug in the expansion of ${a[@]} in contexts where word splitting
+ is not performed and $IFS is not the default.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused ''"$@" to not expand to an empty argument when
+ there are no positional parameters.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that caused a shell compiled without job control to use the
+ incorrect exit status for builtin commands preceded by a command executed
+ from the file system that causes the shell to call waitpid().
+
+h. Improved word completion for quoted strings containing unterminated command
+ substitutions with embedded double quotes.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused mode strings to be displayed incorrectly if the
+ prompt was shorter than the mode string.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. Using ${a[@]} or ${a[*]} with an array without any assigned elements when
+ the nounset option is enabled no longer throws an unbound variable error.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. New application-callable function: rl_pending_signal(): returns the signal
+ number of any signal readline has caught but not yet handled.
+
+b. New application-settable variable: rl_persistent_signal_handlers: if set
+ to a non-zero value, readline will enable the readline-6.2 signal handler
+ behavior in callback mode: handlers are installed when
+ rl_callback_handler_install is called and removed removed when a complete
+ line has been read.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.4-beta2, and
+the previous version, bash-4.4-rc1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a memory leak when processing ${!var[@]}.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused subshells to free trap strings associated with
+ inherited signals.
+
+c. Inheriting BASHOPTS from the environment now works to force actions
+ associated with enabling an option, instead of just marking the option
+ as enabled.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that allowed assignments to BASH_CMDS when the shell was in
+ restricted mode.
+
+e. Fixed a bug caused by an accidental omission of part of the original patch
+ for EXECIGNORE.
+
+e. Prompt expansion now quotes the results of the \s, \h, and \H expansions.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused parsing errors in command substitutions with
+ consecutive case statements separated by newlines.
+
+g. Updated logic used to decide whether bash is running inside an emacs
+ terminal emulator to work with future emacs versions.
+
+h. Fixed two extended pattern matching bugs caused by premature short-
+ circuiting.
+
+i. Fixed a memory leak in the code that removes duplicate history entries.
+
+j. There are a number of bug fixes to coproc, mapfile, declare, unset,
+ and assignment statements that prevent nameref variables from creating
+ and unsetting variables with invalid names.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that caused variables to be inadvertently marked as both an
+ associative and an indexed array.
+
+l. Fixed a bug that caused `bash -c' to not run a trap specified in the
+ command string.
+
+j. There are a number of bug fixes to coproc, mapfile, declare, and assignment
+ statements that prevent nameref variables from overwriting or modifying
+ attributes of readonly variables.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that caused command substitution to attempt to set the
+ terminal's process group incorrectly.
+
+l. Fixed a bug that could cause prompt string expansion to display error
+ messages when the `nounset' shell option is set.
+
+m. Fixed a bug that caused "$@" to not expand to an empty string under the
+ circumstances when Posix says it should ("${@-${@-$@}}").
+
+n. Fixed several bugs caused by referencing nameref variables whose values
+ are names of unset variables (or names that are valid for referencing
+ but not assignment), including creating variables in the temporary
+ environment.
+
+o. Function tracing and error tracing are disabled if --debugger is supplied
+ at startup but the shell can't find the debugger start file.
+
+p. Fixed a bug when IFS is used as the control variable in a for statement.
+
+q. Fixed a bug with SIGINT received by a command substitution in an interactive
+ shell.
+
+r. The checks for nameref variable self-references are more thorough.
+
+s. Fixed several bugs with multi-line aliases.
+
+t. Fixed `test' to handle the four-argument case where $1 == '(' and
+ $4 == ')'.
+
+u. Fixed a bug in the expansion of $* in the cases where word splitting is
+ not performed.
+
+v. Fixed a bug in execution of case statements where IFS includes the
+ pattern matching characters.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. When refreshing the line as the result of a key sequence, Readline attempts
+ to redraw only the last line of a multiline prompt.
+
+b. Fixed an issue that caused completion of git commands to display
+ incorrectly when using colored-completion-prefix.
+
+c. Fixed several redisplay bugs having to do with multibyte characters and
+ invisible characters in prompt strings.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. Value conversions (arithmetic expansions, case modification, etc.) now
+ happen when assigning elements of an array using compound assignment.
+
+b. There is a new option settable in config-top.h that makes multiple
+ directory arguments to `cd' a fatal error.
+
+c. Bash now uses mktemp() when creating internal temporary files; it produces
+ a warning at build time on many Linux systems.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. The default binding for ^W in vi mode now uses word boundaries specified
+ by Posix (vi-unix-word-rubout is bindable command name).
+
+b. rl_clear_visible_line: new application-callable function; clears all
+ screen lines occupied by the current visible readline line.
+
+c. rl_tty_set_echoing: application-callable function that controls whether
+ or not readline thinks it is echoing terminal output.
+
+d. Handle >| and strings of digits preceding and following redirection
+ specifications as single tokens when tokenizing the line for history
+ expansion.
+
+e. Fixed a bug with displaying completions when the prefix display length
+ is greater than the length of the completions to be displayed.
+
+f. The :p history modifier now applies to the entire line, so any expansion
+ specifying :p causes the line to be printed instead of expanded.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.4-rc1, and
+the previous version, bash-4.4-beta.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed several problems with bash completion not special-casing bash syntax
+ constructs.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused the mapfile builtin to not create array variables
+ when a variable of the same name appears in the temporary environment.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused prompt expansion to loop when PS1 contained a
+ syntax error.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that caused the ${array[@]@A} expansion to split the results
+ even when double-quoted.
+
+e. There is a new implementation of the code that saves the last CHILD_MAX
+ exited background pids so their status can be queried later.
+
+f. Bash-4.4 can now be configured and built on very old versions of Solaris 2.
+
+g. Fixed problems with --help support for several builtins.
+
+h. Fixed values added to BASH_SOURCE and BASH_LINENO for functions inherited
+ from the environment.
+
+i. Fixed a bug that caused background processes run from non-interactive shells
+ with job control enabled to place the terminal in the wrong process group
+ under certain circumstances.
+
+j. Fixed a bug that caused `fc' to return an incorrect exit status when
+ executing commands from the history list.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to exit when a process substitution
+ received a SIGINT when run in certain terminal emulators.
+
+l. EXECIGNORE now honors the setting of `extglob' when attempting to match
+ executable names.
+
+m. Fixed a bug where `return' used the wrong exit status when executed in a
+ DEBUG trap.
+
+n. Fixed a bug that caused a command containing a here-document and an escaped
+ newline to be stored in the history list incorrectly.
+
+o. Fixed a bug that caused set -e to be honored in cases of builtins invoking
+ other builtins when it should be ignored.
+
+p. Fixed a bug that caused `readonly' and `export' to create local array
+ variables when used within shell functions.
+
+q. Fixed a bug that allowed subshells begun to execute process substitutions
+ to have access to the command's temporary environment.
+
+r. Fixed a bug that could cause the shell to dump core when receiving a
+ SIGCHLD for which a trap has been set while running in posix mode.
+
+s. Fixed a bug that caused bash to not restore BASH_ARGC, BASH_ARGV,
+ BASH_SOURCE, BASH_LINENO, and FUNCNAME if the shell received a SIGINT
+ while reading commands from a file while executing `.'.
+
+t. Fixed a bug that caused the `-o history' option to have no effect when
+ supplied on the command line when starting a new shell.
+
+u. Fixed a bug that caused history expansions occurring in command
+ substitutions to not be performed.
+
+v. Fixed a bug that caused `eval' run in a non-interactive shell to disable
+ history expansion for the remainder of the shell script, even if the script
+ had previously enabled it.
+
+w. Fixed a bug that caused "$@" to not expand to multiple words when IFS is set
+ to the empty string.
+
+x. Fixed a bug that caused process and command substitution to inherit output
+ buffered in the stdio library but not written.
+
+y. Fixed a bug that caused a terminating signal received during `echo' to run
+ an exit trap in a signal handler context.
+
+z. Fixed a bug that caused a builtin command containing a process substitution
+ to return the wrong exit status.
+
+aa. Fixed a bug that caused `()' subshells with piped input to incorrectly
+ redirect the standard input of some of the commands in the subshell from
+ /dev/null.
+
+bb. The history builtin now uses more descriptive error messages for missing or
+ invalid timestamps.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. The history file writing functions only attempt to create and use a backup
+ history file if the history file exists and is a regular file.
+
+b. Fixed an out-of-bounds read in readline's internal tilde expansion
+ interface.
+
+c. Fixed several redisplay bugs with prompt strings containing multibyte
+ and non-visible characters whose physical length is longer than the screen
+ width.
+
+d. Fixed a redisplay bug with prompt strings containing invisible characters
+ whose physical length exceeds the screen width and using incremental search.
+
+e. Readline prints more descriptive error messages when it encounters errors
+ while reading an inputrc file.
+
+f. Fixed a bug in the character insertion code that attempts to optimize
+ typeahead when it reads a character that is not bound to self-insert and
+ resets the key sequence state.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. BASH_COMPAT and FUNCNEST can be inherited and set from the shell's initial
+ environment.
+
+b. inherit_errexit: a new `shopt' option that, when set, causes command
+ substitutions to inherit the -e option. By default, those subshells disable
+ -e. It's enabled as part of turning on posix mode.
+
+c. New prompt string: PS0. Expanded and displayed by interactive shells after
+ reading a complete command but before executing it.
+
+d. Interactive shells now behave as if SIGTSTP/SIGTTIN/SIGTTOU are set to
+ SIG_DFL when the shell is started, so they are set to SIG_DFL in child
+ processes.
+
+e. Posix-mode shells now allow double quotes to quote the history expansion
+ character.
+
+f. OLDPWD can be inherited from the environment if it names a directory.
+
+g. Shells running as root no longer inherit PS4 from the environment, closing
+ a security hole involving PS4 expansion performing command substitution.
+
+h. If executing an implicit `cd' when the `autocd' option is set, bash will
+ now invoke a function named `cd' if one exists before executing the `cd'
+ builtin.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. If an incremental search string has its last character removed with DEL,
+ the resulting empty search string no longer matches the previous line.
+
+b. If readline reads a history file that begins with `#' (or the value of
+ the history comment character) and has enabled history timestamps, the
+ history entries are assumed to be delimited by timestamps. This allows
+ multi-line history entries.
+
+c. Readline now throws an error if it parses a key binding without a
+ terminating `:' or whitespace.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.4-beta, and
+the previous version, bash-4.4-alpha.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed two bugs that caused out-of-bounds reads when skipping over assignment
+ statements while finding the word on which to perform programmable
+ completion.
+
+b. Fixed a memory leak in programmable completion.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that could cause the shell to crash when interrupting the
+ wait builtin.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that caused ${!vvv@} to be interpreted as introducing the new
+ `@' operator.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that caused the && and || operators to be incorrectly optimized.
+
+f. The shell now undoes redirections before exiting the shell when the `-e'
+ option is enabled, and a shell function fails.
+
+g. History expansion now skips over the history expansion character in command
+ and process substitution.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused stray '\001' characters to be added to the output
+ of `declare -p'.
+
+i. Fixed a memory leak when processing declare commands that perform compound
+ array assignments.
+
+j. Fixed a bug that could cause the shell to crash when reading input from a
+ file and the limit on open file descriptors is high.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that caused the ERR and RETURN traps to be unset if they were
+ set in a shell function but unset previously.
+
+l. Fixed a bug that caused several signals to be ignored if `exec' failed in
+ an interactive shell.
+
+m. A posix-mode non-interactive shell now considers a parameter expansion error
+ to be a fatal error.
+
+n. The `time' command now prints timing statistics for failed commands when
+ the -e option is enabled.
+
+o. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to crash when attempting to indirectly
+ expand a shell variable with an invalid name.
+
+p. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to crash when running a trap containing
+ a process substitution.
+
+q. Bash now prints the keyword `function' before a function with the same name
+ as a reserved word when using `declare -f' to avoid parse errors when
+ reusing the output as input.
+
+r. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to crash when using declare -g to attempt
+ to redefine an existing global indexed array variable as an associative
+ array.
+
+s. Fixed a memory leak that occurred when interrupting brace expansions
+ generating a sequence.
+
+t. Fixed a bug that resulted in alias expansion in redirections.
+
+u. The `declare -a' and `declare -A' commands now print fewer warnings when
+ attempting to create and initialize an array at the same time, but
+ relying on word expansions to construct the compound assignment.
+
+v. The `help' builtin now behaves better in locales where each wide
+ character occupies more than one display column.
+
+w. The `read' builtin no longer has a possible race condition when a timeout
+ occurs.
+
+x. Fixed several expansion problems encountered when IFS="'".
+
+y. Fixed a problem with the expansion of $'\c?'.
+
+z. Bash no longer splits the expansion of here-strings, as the documentation
+ has always said.
+
+aa. Bash now puts `s' in the value of $- if the shell is reading from standard
+ input, as Posix requires.
+
+bb. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to crash if invoked with a NULL
+ environment.
+
+cc. The shell now only trusts an inherited value for $PWD if it begins with a
+ `/'.
+
+dd. Fixed a memory leak when creating local array variables and assigning to
+ them using compound assignment with the `declare' builtin.
+
+ee. Fixed a bug that could cause the shell to crash when processing nested here
+ documents inside a command substitution.
+
+ff. Array keys and values are now displayed using $'...' quoting where
+ appropriate.
+
+gg. Fixed a bug that could cause the shell to crash if the replacement string
+ in pattern substitution was NULL.
+
+hh. Fixed a bug that could cause the shell to crash if a command substitution
+ contained a non-fatal syntax error.
+
+ii. Fixed a bug that could cause the shell to crash if variable indirection
+ resulted in a NULL variable.
+
+jj. Fixed a bug that could cause the shell to crash if a long string contained
+ multiple unterminated parameter expansion constructs.
+
+kk. Improved the code that acts on SIGINT received while waiting for a child
+ process only if the child exits due to SIGINT.
+
+ll. $BASH_SUBSHELL now has more consistent values in asynchronous simple
+ commands.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Colored completion prefixes are now displayed using a different color, less
+ likely to collide with files.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused vi-mode character search to misbehave when
+ running in callback mode.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused output to be delayed when input is coming from a
+ macro in vi-mode.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that caused the vi-mode `.' command to misbehave when redoing
+ a multi-key key sequence via a macro.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that caused problems with applications that supply their own
+ input function when performing completion.
+
+f. When read returns -1/EIO when attempting to read a key, return an error
+ instead of line termination back to the caller.
+
+g. Updated tty auditing feature based on patch from Red Hat.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that could cause the history library to crash on overflows
+ introduced by malicious editing of timestamps in the history file.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. `make install' now installs the example loadable builtins and a set of
+ bash headers to use when developing new loadable builtins.
+
+b. `enable -f' now attempts to call functions named BUILTIN_builtin_load when
+ loading BUILTIN, and BUILTIN_builtin_unload when deleting it. This allows
+ loadable builtins to run initialization and cleanup code.
+
+c. There is a new BASH_LOADABLES_PATH variable containing a list of directories
+ where the `enable -f' command looks for shared objects containing loadable
+ builtins.
+
+d. The `complete_fullquote' option to `shopt' changes filename completion to
+ quote all shell metacharacters in filenames and directory names.
+
+e. The `kill' builtin now has a `-L' option, equivalent to `-l', for
+ compatibility with Linux standalone versions of kill.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.4-alpha, and
+the previous version, bash-4.3-release.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. A bug that caused pipelines to be corrupted while running the DEBUG trap
+ was fixed.
+
+b. A bug that accidentally omitted the `-R' unary operator from `test' was
+ fixed.
+
+c. A bug that could cause the shell to not restore the terminal's process
+ group on shell exit was fixed.
+
+d. Several changes were made to programmable completion to accommodate
+ assumptions made by the bash-completion package.
+
+e. Bash no longer inhibits C-style escape processing ($'...') while performing
+ pattern substitution word expansions.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused `return' executed from a trap handler to use the
+ wrong return status when one was not supplied as an argument.
+
+g. In Posix mode, defining a function with the same name as a special
+ builtin is now an error, fatal only when the shell is not interactive.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused compound array assignments to discard unset or null
+ variables used as subscripts, thereby making it appear as if the index was
+ not present.
+
+i. Fixed a bug that caused extended glob patterns to incorrectly match
+ filenames with a leading `.'.
+
+j. Fixed a bug involving sign extension when reallocating the input line
+ after a history expansion, causing segmentation faults.
+
+k. Bash now does a better job at identifying syntax errors during word
+ completion and tailoring completion appropriately.
+
+l. Bash now uses the current locale's decimal point in comamnd timing output.
+
+m. Fixed a bug that caused segmentation faults while reading here documents if
+ PS2 contains a command substitution.
+
+n. There are several changes to how $@ is expanded when unquoted but in a
+ context where word splitting is not performed (e.g., on the rhs of an
+ assignment or in a conditional command).
+
+o. Bash now quotes command hash table entries that contain shell metacharacters
+ when displaying hash table contents.
+
+p. Fixed a potential file descriptor leak when dup2() fails while performing a
+ redirection.
+
+q. Fixed a bug that caused directory names evaluated during word completion to
+ be dequoted twice.
+
+r. Fixed several bugs which could result in indirect variable expansion and
+ namerefs creating variables with invalid names or referencing variables
+ set to the empty string.
+
+s. Fixed a bug that caused bash to not expand $0 in word expansions where it
+ should.
+
+t. Fixed a bug that caused bash to perform process substitution if <(
+ appeared inside an arithmetic context.
+
+u. Fixed a bug in extglob pattern parsing that caused slashes in the pattern
+ to be confused as directory names.
+
+v. Fixed several bugs with treatment of invisible variables (variables with
+ attributes that are unset because they have never been assigned values).
+
+w. Fixed a bug that caused the `read' builtin to not clean up readline's
+ state when using the -e and -t options together and the read timed out.
+
+x. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to exit with the wrong (but non-zero)
+ value if a command was not found or was not executable.
+
+y. Fixed a bug that caused the `time' reserved word to not be recognized as
+ such in all contexts where it should have been.
+
+z. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to close process subsitution file
+ descriptors when executing a script without the `#!' leading line.
+
+aa. Fixed a typo that caused the `compat42' shell option to set the wrong
+ compatibility level.
+
+bb. The shell now handles process substitution commands with embedded
+ parentheses the same way as it does when parsing command substitution.
+
+cc. Fixed a bug that caused nested pipelines and the `lastpipe' shell option
+ to produce core dumps.
+
+dd. Fixed a bug that caused patterns containing `*' to match pathnames in cases
+ where slashes must be matched explicitly.
+
+ee. Fixed a problem with patterns containing `:' in colon-separated variables
+ like GLOBIGNORE.
+
+ff. Fixed a bug that caused indirect variable expansion using indexed arrays to
+ always use index 0.
+
+gg. Fixed a parsing problem that caused quoted newlines immediately following a
+ command substitution to be mishandled in certain cases.
+
+hh. Fixed a potential buffer overflow on systems without locale_charset or the
+ bash replacement.
+
+ii. Fixed a bug that caused background processes to modify the terminal's
+ process group under certain circumstances.
+
+jj. Asynchronous commands now always set $? to 0 and are not affected by
+ whether or not the command's exit status is being inverted.
+
+kk. Fixed a problem that caused a line ending with an escaped newline and
+ containingh a prior `eval' to be incorrectly parsed.
+
+ll. Fixed an issue with programmable completion and `!' in extglob patterns
+ used as arguments to `compgen -X'.
+
+mm. Word completion now treats the two-character token `>|' as requiring
+ filename expansion.
+
+nn. Bash no longer expands tildes in $PATH elements while in Posix mode.
+
+oo. Fixed a bug that caused bash to not clean up readline's state, including
+ the terminal settings, if it received a fatal signal while in a readline()
+ call (including `read -e' and `read -s').
+
+pp. Fixed bug that caused importing shell functions from the environment to
+ execute additional commands following the function.
+
+qq. Fixed a bug that caused the parser to return a lookahead character pushed
+ back by a previous call, even when on another line.
+
+rr. Fixed a bug that caused many here-documents or many nested case statements
+ to overflow an internal stack.
+
+ss. Changed the way bash encodes exported functions for inclusion in the
+ environment to avoid name collisions with valid variable names and to
+ indicate that they are exported functions.
+
+tt. Fixed a bug that could result in an invalid memory access when processing
+ a here document delimited by end of file or end of string.
+
+uu. Fixed a bug that could cause an invalid memory access if a command was run
+ before initializing the job control framework.
+
+vv. When in Posix mode, bash prints shell function definitions as Posix
+ specifies them, without the leading `function' keyword.
+
+ww. The variable attribute display builtins no longer display variables with
+ invalid names that were imported from the environment.
+
+xx. Fixed a bug that could allow `break' or `continue' executed from shell
+ functions to affect loops running outside of the function.
+
+yy. Fixed a bug that could cause a restricted shell to attempt to import shell
+ functions from the environment.
+
+zz. The shell now allows double-quoted identifiers in arithmetic expressions.
+
+aaa. Fixed a bug that could allow scalar variables subscripted using [@] in
+ word expansions to be incorrectly quoted.
+
+bbb. The shell now makes sure to ignore SIGTSTP/SIGTTIN/SIGTTOU in child
+ processes if they were ignored at shell startup, even if job control is
+ in effect.
+
+ccc. Fixed a bug that could cause $* to be split on spaces when IFS is set to
+ the empty string.
+
+ddd. Posix says that expanding $* in a pattern context where the expansion is
+ double-quoted should not treat $* as if it were double quoted.
+
+eee. Bash now restores getopts' internal state between calls to getopts even if
+ a shell function declares a local copy of OPTIND.
+
+fff. Fixed a bug that could cause `history -r' or `history -n' to read identical
+ lines from the history file more than once.
+
+ggg. The commands executed by `bind -x' now redisplay at most the final line
+ of a multi-line prompt, and those commands may return 124 to indicate that
+ the entire prompt should be redrawn.
+
+hhh. Fixed a bug that could cause `mapfile' to create variables with invalid
+ names.
+
+iii. The shell only goes into debugging mode when --debugger is supplied if
+ the debugger initialization file is present.
+
+jjj. Fixed a bug that disallowed an assignment to (implicit) subscript 0 of an
+ existing array in a declare command that set the readonly attribute.
+
+kkk. Fixed a bug that inadvertently allowed assignments to FUNCNAME to disable
+ its special status.
+
+lll. Appending to an existing array variable using the compound assignment
+ syntax (var+=(aaa)) should not affect assignments to existing subscripts
+ appearing in the compound assignment.
+
+mmm. Fixed a bug that could cause the shell to crash when a variable with a
+ null value was passed in the temporary environment and the variable's
+ attributes are modified using `declare' while performing a redirection.
+
+nnn. Fixed a bug in printf so that a missing precision specifier after a `.'
+ is treated as 0.
+
+ooo. Fixed a bug that attempted to use the internal command timing to time
+ pipeline components if the pipeline elements are separated by newlines.
+
+ppp. Fixed a bug that caused `declare -al foo=(ONE TWO THREE)' to not lowercase
+ the values on assignment.
+
+qqq. Bash does a better job of determining whether or not files are executable
+ when running on Windows, since the X_OK flag to access(2) is not supported.
+
+rrr. Fixed a bug that caused some of the shell's internal traps (e.g., ERR) to
+ be interrupted (and leave incorrect state) by pending SIGINTs.
+
+sss. Fixed a bug in the bash interface to history expansion to avoid attempting
+ expansion if the history expansion character occurs in a command
+ substitution.
+
+ttt. Fixed a bug that caused the select command to crash if the REPLY variable
+ ends up empty (e.g., if it's made readonly)
+
+uuu. Bash handles backslash-quoting of multibyte characters better when quoting
+ output that is intended to be reused.
+
+vvv. System-specific changes for: Windows, Cygwin.
+
+www. Fixes for upper and lower-casing multibyte characters, some locales have
+ characters whose upper and lowercase versions have different numbers of
+ bytes.
+
+xxx. Fixed a bug that caused the ERR trap in a shell function to have the
+ wrong value for $LINENO.
+
+yyy. Fixed a bug that resulted in incorrect quoting of regexps for the =~
+ operator when an open brace appears without a close brace.
+
+zzz. Fixed a bug in the array unset operation that caused it to attempt to
+ parse embedded single and double quotes.
+
+aaaa. Fixed a bug that caused $* to not expand with the first character of
+ $IFS as a separator in a context where word splitting will not take
+ place.
+
+bbbb. Fixed two bugs that could cause the shell to dereference a null pointer
+ while attempting to print an error message from arithmetic expansion.
+
+cccc. Fixed a bug that resulted in short-circuited evaluation when reading
+ commands from a string ending in an unquoted backslash, or when sourcing
+ a file that ends with an unquoted backslash.
+
+dddd. Fixed a bug that resulted in the no-fork optimization not cleaning up
+ any FIFOs created by process substitution.
+
+eeee. If the -T option is not set, allow the source builtin and shell functions
+ to set a DEBUG trap that persists after the sourced file or function
+ returns, instead of restoring the old (unset) value unconditionally.
+
+ffff. Fixed a bug that caused redirections to not be undone on some syntax
+ errors, e.g., when parsing a command substitution.
+
+gggg. Bash only adds asynchronous commands to the table of background pids
+ whose status it remembers, to avoid it growing too large during scripts
+ that create and reap large numbers of child processes. This means that
+ `wait' no longer works on synchronous jobs, but $? can be used to get
+ the exit status in those cases.
+
+hhhh. Bash now checks whether or not a shell script argument is a directory
+ before trying to open it; Posix says implementations may allow open(2)
+ on a directory.
+
+iiii. Fixed a bug that could cause the shell to set the terminal's process
+ group to a background process group when running as part of a pipeline.
+
+jjjj. Made a few changes to strings to avoid possible potential negative effects
+ caused by malicious translations.
+
+kkkk. Fixed a bug that caused the `unset' builtin to continue to treat its
+ arguments as functions after unsetting a function when invoked with no
+ options.
+
+llll. Fixed a bug that would not replace empty strings using pattern
+ substitution even if the pattern matched the empty string.
+
+mmmm. Fixed a bug with word completion that prevented some characters from
+ being backslash-quoted (backquote, dollar sign).
+
+nnnn. Fixed a bug that prevented a command from the history re-executed by the
+ `fc' builtin from setting verbose mode.
+
+oooo. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to not enable and disable function
+ tracing with changes to the `extdebug' shell option.
+
+pppp. Fixed a bug that caused assignments to nameref variables pointing to
+ unset variables with attributes but no values to create variables with
+ incorrect names.
+
+qqqq. Fixed a bug that caused `unset' on nameref variables (without -n) to
+ unset the wrong variable under certain circumstances.
+
+rrrr. Fixed a bug that caused close braces occurring in brace expansions within
+ command substitutions to incorrectly terminate parameter expansions.
+
+ssss. Fixed a bug that caused `command -p' to temporarily alter $PATH.
+
+tttt. Fixed a bug that caused interactive shells compiled without job control
+ to return incorrect status values for child processes when running a
+ single command that creates enough children to use the entire PID space.
+
+uuuu. `esac' should not be recognized as a reserved word when it appears as the
+ second or later pattern in a case statement pattern list.
+
+vvvv. Fixed a bug that caused the completion code to read past the end of the
+ readline line buffer while skipping assignment statements to find the
+ command name.
+
+wwww. Fixed a bug that caused case statements within loops contained in a
+ command substitution to be parsed incorrectly.
+
+xxxx. Fixed a bug that could cause SIGCHLD handling to be delayed after
+ running `wait' with no arguments and interrupting it with ^C without
+ a trap handler installed.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. A bug that caused vi-mode `.' to be unable to redo `c', `d', and `y'
+ commands with modifiers was fixed.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused callback mode to dump core when reading a
+ multiple-key sequence (e.g., arrow keys).
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused the redisplay code to erase some of the line when
+ using horizontal scrolling with incremental search.
+
+d. Readline's input handler now performs signal processing if read(2) is
+ interrupted by SIGALRM or SIGVTALRM.
+
+e. Fixed a problem with revert-all-at-newline freeing freed memory.
+
+f. Clarified the documentation for the history_quotes_inhibit_expansion
+ variable to note that it inhibits scanning for the history comment
+ character and that it only affects double-quoted strings.
+
+g. Fixed an off-by-one error in the prompt printed when performing searches.
+
+h. Use pselect(2), if available, to wait for input before calling read(2), so
+ a SIGWINCH can interrupt it, since it doesn't interrupt read(2).
+
+i. Some memory leaks caused by signals interrupting filename completion have
+ been fixed.
+
+j. Reading EOF twice on a non-empty line causes EOF to be returned, rather
+ than the partial line. This can cause partial lines to be executed on
+ SIGHUP, for example.
+
+k. Fixed a bug concerning deleting multibyte characters from the search
+ string while performing an incremental search.
+
+l. Fixed a bug with tilde expanding directory names in filename completion.
+
+m. Fixed a bug that did not allow binding sequences beginning with a `\'.
+
+n. Fixed a redisplay bug involving incorrect line wrapping when the prompt
+ contains a multibyte character in the last screen column.
+
+o. Fixed a bug that caused history expansion to disregard characters that are
+ documented to delimit a history event specifier without requiring `:'.
+
+p. Fixed a bug that could cause reading past the end of a string when reading
+ the value when binding the set of isearch terminators.
+
+q. Fixed a bug that caused readline commands that depend on knowing which
+ key invoked them to misbehave when dispatching key sequences that are
+ prefixes of other key bindings.
+
+r. Paren matching now works in vi insert mode.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. There is now a settable configuration #define that will cause the shell
+ to exit if the shell is running setuid without the -p option and setuid
+ to the real uid fails.
+
+b. Command and process substitutions now turn off the `-v' option when
+ executing, as other shells seem to do.
+
+c. The default value for the `checkhash' shell option may now be set at
+ compile time with a #define.
+
+d. The `mapfile' builtin now has a -d option to use an arbitrary character
+ as the record delimiter, and a -t option to strip the delimiter as
+ supplied with -d.
+
+e. The maximum number of nested recursive calls to `eval' is now settable in
+ config-top.h; the default is no limit.
+
+f. The `-p' option to declare and similar builtins will display attributes for
+ named variables even when those variables have not been assigned values
+ (which are technically unset).
+
+g. The maximum number of nested recursive calls to `source' is now settable
+ in config-top.h; the default is no limit.
+
+h. All builtin commands recognize the `--help' option and print a usage
+ summary.
+
+i. Bash does not allow function names containing `/' and `=' to be exported.
+
+j. The `ulimit' builtin has new -k (kqueues) and -P (pseudoterminals) options.
+
+k. The shell now allows `time ; othercommand' to time null commands.
+
+l. There is a new `--enable-function-import' configuration option to allow
+ importing shell functions from the environment; import is enabled by
+ default.
+
+m. `printf -v var ""' will now set `var' to the empty string, as if `var=""'
+ had been executed.
+
+n. GLOBIGNORE, the pattern substitution word expansion, and programmable
+ completion match filtering now honor the value of the `nocasematch' option.
+
+o. There is a new ${parameter@spec} family of operators to transform the
+ value of `parameter'.
+
+p. Bash no longer attempts to perform compound assignment if a variable on the
+ rhs of an assignment statement argument to `declare' has the form of a
+ compound assignment (e.g., w='(word)' ; declare foo=$w); compound
+ assignments are accepted if the variable was already declared as an array,
+ but with a warning.
+
+q. The declare builtin no longer displays array variables using the compound
+ assignment syntax with quotes; that will generate warnings when re-used as
+ input, and isn't necessary.
+
+r. Executing the rhs of && and || will no longer cause the shell to fork if
+ it's not necessary.
+
+s. The `local' builtin takes a new argument: `-', which will cause it to save
+ the single-letter shell options and restore their previous values at
+ function return.
+
+t. `complete' and `compgen' have a new `-o nosort' option, which forces
+ readline to not sort the completion matches.
+
+u. Bash now allows waiting for the most recent process substitution, since it
+ appears as $!.
+
+v. The `unset' builtin now unsets a scalar variable if it is subscripted with
+ a `0', analogous to the ${var[0]} expansion.
+
+w. `set -i' is no longer valid, as in other shells.
+
+x. BASH_SUBSHELL is now updated for process substitution and group commands
+ in pipelines, and is available with the same value when running any exit
+ trap.
+
+y. Bash now checks $INSIDE_EMACS as well as $EMACS when deciding whether or
+ not bash is being run in a GNU Emacs shell window.
+
+z. Bash now treats SIGINT received when running a non-builtin command in a
+ loop the way it has traditionally treated running a builtin command:
+ running any trap handler and breaking out of the loop.
+
+aa. New variable: EXECIGNORE; a colon-separate list of patterns that will
+ cause matching filenames to be ignored when searching for commands.
+
+bb. Aliases whose value ends in a shell metacharacter now expand in a way to
+ allow them to be `pasted' to the next token, which can potentially change
+ the meaning of a command (e.g., turning `&' into `&&').
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. The history truncation code now uses the same error recovery mechansim as
+ the history writing code, and restores the old version of the history file
+ on error. The error recovery mechanism handles symlinked history files.
+
+b. There is a new bindable variable, `enable-bracketed-paste', which enables
+ support for a terminal's bracketed paste mode.
+
+c. The editing mode indicators can now be strings and are user-settable
+ (new `emacs-mode-string', `vi-cmd-mode-string' and `vi-ins-mode-string'
+ variables). Mode strings can contain invisible character sequences.
+ Setting mode strings to null strings restores the defaults.
+
+d. Prompt expansion adds the mode string to the last line of a multi-line
+ prompt (one with embedded newlines).
+
+e. There is a new bindable variable, `colored-completion-prefix', which, if
+ set, causes the common prefix of a set of possible completions to be
+ displayed in color.
+
+f. There is a new bindable command `vi-yank-pop', a vi-mode version of emacs-
+ mode yank-pop.
+
+g. The redisplay code underwent several efficiency improvements for multibyte
+ locales.
+
+h. The insert-char function attempts to batch-insert all pending typeahead
+ that maps to self-insert, as long as it is coming from the terminal.
+
+i. rl_callback_sigcleanup: a new application function that can clean up and
+ unset any state set by readline's callback mode. Intended to be used
+ after a signal.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.3-release, and
+the previous version, bash-4.3-rc2.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Only Posix-mode shells should exit on an assignment failure in the
+ temporary environment preceding a special builtin. This is how it's been
+ documented.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused a failed special builtin to not exit a posix-mode
+ shell if the failing builtin was on the LHS of a && or ||.
+
+c. Changed the handling of unquoted backslashes in regular expressions to be
+ closer to bash-4.2.
+
+d. globstar (**) no longer traverses symbolic links that resolve to
+ directories. This eliminates some duplicate entries.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that caused a SIGCHLD trap handler to not be able to change the
+ SIGCHLD disposition.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused a crash when -x was enabled and a command
+ contained a printable multibyte (wide) character.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that caused an interactive shell without line editing enabled
+ to read invalid data after receiving a SIGINT.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused command word completion to fail if the directory in
+ $PATH where the completion would be found contained single or double quotes.
+
+i. Fixed a bug that caused a shell with -v enabled to print commands in $()
+ multiple times.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused `undo' to reference freed memory or null pointers.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. The [[ -v ]] option now understands array references (foo[1]) and returns
+ success if the referenced element has a value.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.3-rc2, and the
+previous version, bash-4.3-rc1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that left variables set by printf -v marked as invisible.
+
+b. Fixed an off-by-one error in a job control warning message.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to crash after declaring a nameref variable
+ without a value.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that caused asynchronous commands to not set $? correctly.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that caused out-of-order execution when executing aliases with
+ embedded newlines containing `.' commands.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused error messages generated by expansion errors in
+ `for' commands to have the wrong line number.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that caused the `wait' builtin to not be interruptible in an
+ interactive shell with job control enabled.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused SIGINT and SIGQUIT to not be trappable in
+ asynchronous subshell commands.
+
+i. Bash now requires that the value assigned to a nameref variable be a valid
+ shell identifier (variable name or array reference).
+
+j. Converting an existing variable to a nameref variable now turns off the
+ -i/-l/-u/-c attributes.
+
+k. Displaying a nameref variable with `declare -p' now displays the nameref
+ variable and its value rather than following the nameref chain.
+
+l. Fixed a problem with interrupt handling that caused a second and subsequent
+ SIGINT to be ignored by interactive shells.
+
+m. Fixed a bug that caused certain positional parameter and array expansions
+ to mishandle (discard) null positional parameters and array elements.
+
+n. The shell no longer blocks receipt of signals while running trap handlers
+ for those signals, and allows most trap handlers to be run recursively
+ (running trap handlers while a trap handler is executing).
+
+o. The shell now handles backslashes in regular expression arguments to the
+ [[ command's =~ operator slightly differently, resulting in more
+ consistent behavior.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a bug that could cause readline to crash and seg fault attempting to
+ expand an empty history entry.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused a bad entry in the $LS_COLORS variable to abort all
+ color processing but leave color enabled.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused display problems with multi-line prompts containing
+ invisible characters on multiple lines.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that caused effects made by undoing changes to a history line to
+ be discarded.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. When creating shared libraries on Mac OS X, the pathname written into the
+ library (install_name) no longer includes the minor version number.
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.3-rc1, and the
+previous version, bash-4.3-beta2.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug in bash completion that caused a tilde to be expanded even if
+ the `direxpand' option was not enabled.
+
+b. Fixed a potential bug that could cause corrupted input in interactive shells
+ running without line editing and with `ignoreeof' enabled.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that could cause failures when opening pipes back to shells
+ created to run process substitutions.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that caused an assignment to TEXTDOMAIN to require TEXTDOMAINDIR
+ to be set in order to actually change the current text domain.
+
+e. Changed the way redirections are printed to avoid confusion when the target
+ of an output redirection is a process substitution beginning with `>'.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Shared library building is now supported on Mac OS X 10.9 (Darwin 13).
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. `cd' has a new `-@' option to browse a file's extended attributes on
+ systems that support O_XATTR.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. There are additional default key bindings for MinGW32
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.3-beta2, and the
+previous version, bash-4.3-beta.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused assignment to an unset variable using a negative
+ subscript to result in a segmentation fault.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused assignment to a string variable using a negative
+ subscript to use the incorrect index.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused some strings to be interpreted as invalid
+ extended globbing expressions when used with the help builtin.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that caused an attempt to trap a signal whose disposition
+ cannot be changed to reference uninitialized memory.
+
+e. Command completion now skips assignment statements preceding a command
+ name and completes the command.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused `compgen -f' in a non-interactive shell to dump
+ core under certain circumstances.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that caused the `read -N' to misbehave when the input stream
+ contains 0xff.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Changed message when an incremental search fails to include "failed" in
+ the prompt and display the entire search string instead of just the last
+ matching portion.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused an arrow key typed to an incremental search prompt
+ to process the key sequence incorrectly.
+
+c. Additional key bindings for arrow keys on MinGW.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. The help builtin now attempts substring matching (as it did through
+ bash-4.2) if exact string matching fails.
+
+b. The fc builtin now interprets -0 as the current command line.
+
+c. Completing directory names containing shell variables now adds a trailing
+ slash if the expanded result is a directory.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. rl_change_environment: new application-settable variable that controls
+ whether or not Readline modifies the environment (currently readline
+ modifies only LINES and COLUMNS).
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.3-beta, and the
+previous version, bash-4.3-alpha.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug in the prompt directory name "trimming" code that caused
+ memory corruption and garbled the results.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused single quotes that resulted from $'...' quoting
+ in the replacement portion of a double-quoted ${word/pat/rep} expansion
+ to be treated as quote characters.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused assignment statements preceding a command word to
+ result in assignment statements following a declaration command to not be
+ expanded like assignment statements.
+
+d. Fixed a bug with variable search order in the presence of local variables
+ with the same name as variables in the temporary environment supplied to
+ a shell function.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that caused constructs like 1<(2) to be interpreted as process
+ substitutions even in an arithmetic context.
+
+f. Fixed several cases where `invisible' variables (variables with attributes
+ but no values, which are technically unset) were treated incorrectly.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that caused group commands in pipelines that were not the
+ last element to not run the EXIT trap.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused `unset -n' to not unset a nameref variable in
+ certain cases.
+
+i. Fixed the nameref circular reference checking to be less strict and only
+ disallow a nameref variable with the same value as its name at the global
+ scope.
+
+j. Fixed a bug that caused trap handlers to be executed recursively,
+ corrupting internal data structures.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that could result in bash not compiling if certain options were
+ not enabled.
+
+l. Fixed a bug that caused the arithmetic expansion code to attempt variable
+ assignments when operator precedence prohibited them.
+
+m. Word expansions like ${foo##bar} now understand indirect variable references.
+
+n. Fixed a bug that caused `declare -fp name' to not display a function
+ definition.
+
+o. Fixed a bug that caused asynchronous child processes to modify the stdin
+ file pointer when bash was using it to read a script, which modified the
+ parent's value as well.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a bug in vi mode that caused the arrow keys to set the saved last
+ vi-mode command to the wrong value.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused double-quoted strings to be scanned incorrectly
+ when being used as the value of a readline variable assignment.
+
+c. Fixed a bug with vi mode that prevented `.' from repeating a command
+ entered on a previous line (command).
+
+d. Fixed a bug that could cause completion to core dump if it was interrupted
+ by a signal.
+
+e. Readline now sends the meta-key enable string to the terminal if the
+ terminal has been successfully initialized.
+
+f. Readline now calls the signal hook after resizing the terminal when it
+ receives a SIGWINCH.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that could cause the history list code to perform an out-of-
+ bounds array reference if the history list is empty.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. Shells started to run process substitutions now run any trap set on EXIT.
+
+b. There is now a configure-time option to enable the globasciiranges option
+ by default.
+
+c. The read builtin now checks its first variable argument for validity before
+ trying to read any input.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.3-alpha,
+and the previous version, bash-4.2-release.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed several bugs concerning incomplete bracket expressions in filename
+ generation (globbing) patterns.
+
+b. Fixed a bug with single quotes and WORD in ${param op WORD} when running
+ in Posix mode.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused the pattern removal and pattern substitution word
+ expansions and case statement word expansion to not match the empty string.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that caused the tzset() function to not work after changing
+ the TZ enviroment variable.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that caused the RHS of an assignment statement to undergo
+ word splitting when it contained an unquoted $@.
+
+f. Fixed bugs that caused the shell to not react to a SIGINT sent while
+ waiting for a child process to exit.
+
+g. Bash doesn't try to run things in a signal handler context when it gets a
+ signal (SIGINT/SIGHUP/etc) while reading input using readline but still
+ be responsive to terminating signals.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused bash to go into an infinite loop if a filename
+ to be matched contained an invalid multibyte character.
+
+i. Fixed a bug that caused PS4 to end up being truncated if it is longer
+ than 128 bytes.
+
+j. Fixed a bug that caused brace expansion to not skip over double-quoted
+ command substitution.
+
+k. System-specific updates for: DJGPP, HP/UX, Mac OS X
+
+l. Fixed a bug in displaying commands that caused redirections to be associated
+ with the wrong part of the command.
+
+m. Fixed the coproc cleanup to unset the appropriate shell variables when a
+ coproc terminates.
+
+n. Fixed a bug that caused `fc' to dump core due to incorrect calculation of
+ the last history entry.
+
+o. Added workarounds for FreeBSD's implementation of faccessat/eaccess and
+ `test -x'.
+
+p. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to not match patterns containing
+ control-A.
+
+q. Fixed a bug that could result in doubled error messages when the `printf'
+ builtin got a write error.
+
+r. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to not correctly expand words containing
+ multiple consecutive quoted empty strings (""""""aa).
+
+s. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to not correctly parse multi-line
+ process substitutions containing comments and quoted strings.
+
+t. Fixed a problem with the bash malloc's internal idea of the top of the
+ memory heap that resulted in incorrect decisions to try to reduce the
+ break and give memory back to the kernel.
+
+u. There are changes to the expansions peformed on compound array assignments,
+ in an effort to make foo=( [ind1]=bar [ind2]=baz ) identical to
+ foo[ind1]=bar foo[ind2]=baz.
+
+v. Bash now reports an error if `read -a name' is used when `name' is an
+ existing associative array.
+
+w. Fixed a bug that allowed an attempted assignment to a readonly variable
+ in an arithmetic expression to not return failure.
+
+x. Fixed several bugs that caused completion functions to be invoked even when
+ the cursor was before the first word in the command.
+
+y. Fixed a bug that caused parsing a command substitution to overwrite the
+ parsing state associated with the complete input line.
+
+z. Fixed several bugs with the built-in snprintf replacement and field widths
+ and floating point.
+
+aa. Fixed a bug that caused incorrect offset calculations and input buffer
+ corruption when reading files longer than 2^31 bytes.
+
+bb. Fixed several bugs where bash performed arithmetic evaluation in contexts
+ where evaluation is suppressed.
+
+cc. Fixed a bug that caused bash to close FIFOs used for process substitution
+ too early when a shell function was executing, but protect against using
+ all file descriptors when the shell functions are invoked inside loops.
+
+dd. Added checks for printable (and non-printable) multibyte characters for
+ use in error messages.
+
+ee. Fixed a bug that caused ^O (operate-and-get-next) to not work correctly
+ at the end of the history list.
+
+ff. Fixed a bug that caused command-oriented history to incorrectly combine
+ here documents into one line.
+
+gg. Fixed a bug that caused importing SHELLOPTS from the environment into a
+ Posix-mode shell to print an error message and refuse to parse it.
+
+hh. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to delete an extra history entry when
+ using `history -s'.
+
+ii. Fixed a bug that caused floating-point exceptions and overflow errors
+ for the / and % arithmetic operators when using INTMAX_MIN and -1.
+
+jj. Fixed a bug that caused parsing errors when reading an arithmetic for
+ loop inside a command substitution.
+
+kk. Fixed a bug that caused a readonly function to be unset when unset was
+ called without the -f or -v option.
+
+ll. Fixed several bugs in the code that quotes characters special to regular
+ expressions when used in a quoted string on the RHS of the =~ operator
+ to the [[ command.
+
+mm. Fixed a bug that caused redirections to fail because the file descriptor
+ limit was set to a value less than 10.
+
+nn. Fixed a bug that caused the `read' builtin to execute code in a signal
+ handler context if read timed out.
+
+oo. Fixed a bug that caused extended globbing patterns to not match files
+ beginning with `.' correctly when a `.' was explicitly supplied in the
+ pattern.
+
+pp. Fixed a bug that caused key sequences longer than two characters to not
+ work when used with `bind -x'.
+
+qq. Fixed a bug that resulted in redefined functions having the wrong source
+ file names in BASH_SOURCE.
+
+rr. Fixed a bug that caused the read builtin to assign null strings to variables
+ when using `read -N', which caused core dumps when referenced
+
+ss. Fixed a bug that caused `bash -m script' to not enable job control while
+ running the script.
+
+tt. Fixed a bug that caused `printf -v var' to dump core when used with the
+ %b format code.
+
+uu. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to exit with the wrong status if -e was
+ active and the shell exited on a substitution error.
+
+vv. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to seg fault if an array variable with
+ the same name as an existing associative array was implicitly created by
+ an assignment (declare a[n]=b).
+
+ww. Fixed a bug that caused a redirection to misbehave if the number specified
+ for a file descriptor overflows an intmax_t.
+
+xx. Fixed several bugs with the handling of valid and invalid unicode character
+ values when used with the \u and \U escape sequences to printf and $'...'.
+
+yy. Fixed a bug that caused tildes to not be escaped in expanded filenames,
+ making them subject to later expansion.
+
+zz. When using the pattern substitution word expansion, bash now runs the
+ replacement string through quote removal, since it allows quotes in that
+ string to act as escape characters. This is not backwards compatible, so
+ it can be disabled by setting the bash compatibility mode to 4.2.
+
+aaa. Fixed the rest of the cases where the shell runs non-allowed code in a
+ signal handler context.
+
+bbb. Fixed a bug that caused spurious DEL characters (\177) to appear in
+ double-quoted expansion where the RHS is evaluated to the empty string.
+
+ccc. Fixed a bug that caused the use of the shell's internal random number
+ generator for temporary file names to perturb the random number
+ sequence.
+
+ddd. Fixed several bugs that caused `declare -g' to not set the right global
+ variables or to misbehave when declaring global indexed arrays.
+
+eee. Fixed a logic bug that caused extended globbing in a multibyte locale to
+ cause failures when using the pattern substititution word expansions.
+
+fff. Fixed a bug that caused the `lastpipe' option to corrupt the file
+ descriptor used to read the script.
+
+ggg. Fixed a bug that causes the shell to delete DEL characters in the
+ expanded value of variables used in the same quoted string as variables
+ that expand to nothing.
+
+hhh. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to assign the wrong value from an
+ assignment like (( x=7 )) when `x' was an existing array variable.
+
+iii. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to misbehave when generating sequences
+ and the boundary values overflow an intmax_t.
+
+jjj. Fixed a bug caused expansion errors if an expansion of "$@" appeared
+ next to another expansion (e.g.. "${@}${x}").
+
+kkk. Fixed a potential buffer overflow bug when performing /dev/fd expansion.
+
+lll. Fixed a bug that resulted in an extra semicolon being added to compound
+ assignments when they were added to the history list.
+
+mmm. Fixed a bug that caused mapfile to read one extra line from the input.
+
+nnn. Fixed a bug that caused the mail checking code to use uninitialized
+ values.
+
+ooo. Fixed a bug that prevented history timestamps from being saved if the
+ history comment character is unset.
+
+ppp. Fixed a bug that caused the case-modifying expansions to not work with
+ multibyte characters.
+
+qqq. Fixed a bug that caused the edit-and-execute bindable readline command
+ to see the wrong data if invoked in the middle of a multi-line quoted
+ string.
+
+rrr. Fixed a bug that resulted in the shell returning the wrong exit status
+ for a background command on systems that recycle PIDs very quickly.
+
+sss. Fixed a bug that caused asynchronous group commands to not run any EXIT
+ trap defined in the body of the command.
+
+ttt. Fixed a bug that caused `eval "... ; return"' to not clean up properly.
+
+uuu. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to dump core if `read' reads an escaped
+ IFS whitespace character.
+
+vvv. Fixed a bug that caused BASH_COMMAND to be set to an incorrect value when
+ executing a (...) subshell.
+
+www. Fixed a couple of pointer aliasing bugs with the token string in arithmetic
+ evaluation.
+
+xxx. Fixed a bug with parsing multi-line command substitutions when reading
+ the `do' keyword followed by whitespace.
+
+yyy. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to seg fault if the time given to the
+ printf %(...)T format overflowed the value accepted by localtime(3).
+
+zzz. Fixed a problem with displaying help topics in two columns when the
+ translated text contained multibyte characters.
+
+aaaa. Fixed a bug with the extended globbing pattern matcher where a `*' was
+ followed by a negated extended glob pattern.
+
+bbbb. Fixed a race condition with short-lived coproc creation and reaping that
+ caused the child process to be reaped before the various coproc shell
+ variables were initialized.
+
+cccc. Fixed a bug where turning off `errexit' in command substitution subshells
+ was not reflected in $SHELLOPTS.
+
+dddd. Partially fixed an inconsistency in how the shell treated shell
+ functions run from an EXIT trap.
+
+eeee. Fixed a bug in how the shell invalidated FIFOs used for process
+ substitution when executing a pipeline (once rather than in every child).
+
+ffff. Fixed a bug that occurred when expanding a special variable ($@, $*)
+ within double quotes and the expansion resulted in an empty string.
+
+gggg. Fixed bugs with executing a SIGCHLD trap handler to make sure that it's
+ executed once per exited child.
+
+hhhh. Fixed a bug that caused `declare' and `test' to find variables that
+ had been given attributes but not assigned values. Such variables are
+ not set.
+
+iiii. Fixed a bug that caused commands in process substitutions to not look in
+ the local temporary environment when performing word expansions.
+
+jjjj. Fixed several problems with globstar expansions (**/**) returning null
+ filenames and multiple instances of the same pathname.
+
+kkkk. Fixed an oversight that did not allow the exit status of `coproc' to
+ be inverted using `!'.
+
+llll. Fixed a bug that caused the -e option to be re-enabled using `set -e'
+ even when executing in a context where -e is ignored.
+
+mmmm. Fixed a (mostly theoretical) bug with input lines longer than SIZE_MAX.
+
+nnnn. Fixed a bug that could result in double evaluation of command
+ substitutions when they appear in failed redirections.
+
+oooo. Fixed a bug that could cause seg faults during `mapfile' callbacks if
+ the callback unsets the array variable mapfile is using.
+
+pppp. Fixed several problems with variable assignments using ${var:=value}
+ when the variable assignment is supposed to have side effects.
+
+qqqq. Fixed a bug that caused a failure of an assignment statement preceding a
+ builtin caused the next invocation of a special builtin to exit the shell.
+
+rrrr. Fixed several problems with IFS when it appears in the temporary environment
+ and is used in redirections.
+
+ssss. Fixed a problem that caused IFS changes using ${IFS:=value} to modify
+ how preceding expansions were split.
+
+tttt. Fixed a problem that caused subshells to not run an EXIT trap they set.
+
+uuuu. Fixed a problem that caused shells started in posix mode to attempt to
+ import shell functions with invalid names from the environment. We now
+ print a warning.
+
+vvvv. Worked around a kernel problem that caused SIGCHLD to interrupt open(2)
+ on a FIFO used for process substitution, even if the SIGCHLD handler was
+ installed with the SA_RESTART flag.
+
+wwww. Fixed a problem that resulted in inconsistent expansion of $* and ${a[*]}.
+
+xxxx. Fixed a problem that caused `read -t' to crash when interrupted by
+ SIGINT.
+
+yyyy. Fixed a problem that caused pattern removal to fail randomly because the
+ pattern matcher read beyond the end of a string.
+
+zzzz. Fixed a bug that caused core dumps when shell functions tried to create
+ local shadow copies of special variables like GROUPS.
+
+aaaaa. Fixed a bug that caused SIGTERM to be occasionally lost by children of
+ interactive shells when it arrived before the child process reset the
+ handler from SIG_DFL.
+
+bbbbb. Fixed a bug that caused redirections like <&n- to leave file descriptor
+ n closed if executed with a builtin command.
+
+ccccc. Fixed a bug that caused incorrect completion quoting when completing a
+ word containing a globbing character with `show-all-if-ambiguous' set.
+
+ddddd. Fixed a bug that caused printf's %q format specifier not to quote a
+ tilde even if it appeared in a location where it would be subject to
+ tilde expansion.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a bug that did not allow the `dd', `cc', or `yy' vi editing mode
+ commands to work on the entire line.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused redisplay problems with prompts longer than 128
+ characters and history searches.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused readline to try and run code to modify its idea
+ of the screen size in a signal handler context upon receiving a SIGWINCH.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that caused the `meta' key to be enabled beyond the duration
+ of an individual call top readline().
+
+e. Added a workaround for a wcwidth bug in Mac OS X that caused readline's
+ redisplay to mishandle zero-width combining characters.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused readline to `forget' part of a key sequence when
+ a multiple-key sequence caused it to break out of an incremental search.
+
+g. Fixed bugs that caused readline to execute code in a signal handler
+ context if interrupted while reading from the file system during completion.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused readline to `forget' part of a key sequence when
+ reading an unbound multi-character key sequence.
+
+i. Fixed a bug that caused Readline's signal handlers to be installed beyond
+ the bounds of a single call to readline().
+
+j. Fixed a bug that caused the `.' command to not redo the most recent `R'
+ command in vi mode.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that caused ignoring case in completion matches to result in
+ readline using the wrong match.
+
+l. Paren matching now works in vi insert mode.
+
+m. Fix menu-completion to make show-all-if-ambiguous and menu-complete-display-prefix
+ work together.
+
+n. Fixed a bug that didn't allow the `cc', `dd', or `yy' commands to be redone
+ in vi editing mode.
+
+o. Fixed a bug that caused the filename comparison code to not compare
+ multibyte characters correctly when using case-sensitive or case-mapping
+ comparisons.
+
+p. Fixed the input reading loop to call the input hook function only when there
+ is no terminal input available.
+
+q. Fixed a bug that caused binding a macro to a multi-character key sequence
+ where the sequence and macro value share a common prefix to not perform
+ the macro replacement.
+
+r. Fixed several redisplay errors with multibyte characters and prompts
+ containing invisible characters when using horizontal scrolling.
+
+s. Fixed a bug that caused redisplay errors when trying to overwrite
+ existing characters using multibyte characters.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. The `helptopic' completion action now maps to all the help topics, not just
+ the shell builtins.
+
+b. The `help' builtin no longer does prefix substring matching, so `help read'
+ does not match `readonly'.
+
+c. The shell can be compiled to not display a message about processes that
+ terminate due to SIGTERM.
+
+d. Non-interactive shells now react to the setting of checkwinsize and set
+ LINES and COLUMNS after a foreground job exits.
+
+e. There is a new shell option, `globasciiranges', which, when set to on,
+ forces globbing range comparisons to use character ordering as if they
+ were run in the C locale.
+
+f. There is a new shell option, `direxpand', which makes filename completion
+ expand variables in directory names in the way bash-4.1 did.
+
+g. In Posix mode, the `command' builtin does not change whether or not a
+ builtin it shadows is treated as an assignment builtin.
+
+h. The `return' and `exit' builtins accept negative exit status arguments.
+
+i. The word completion code checks whether or not a filename containing a
+ shell variable expands to a directory name and appends `/' to the word
+ as appropriate. The same code expands shell variables in command names
+ when performing command completion.
+
+j. In Posix mode, it is now an error to attempt to define a shell function
+ with the same name as a Posix special builtin.
+
+k. When compiled for strict Posix conformance, history expansion is disabled
+ by default.
+
+l. The history expansion character (!) does not cause history expansion when
+ followed by the closing quote in a double-quoted string.
+
+m. `complete' and its siblings compgen/compopt now takes a new `-o noquote'
+ option to inhibit quoting of the completions.
+
+n. Setting HISTSIZE to a value less than zero causes the history list to be
+ unlimited (setting it 0 zero disables the history list).
+
+o. Setting HISTFILESIZE to a value less than zero causes the history file size
+ to be unlimited (setting it to 0 causes the history file to be truncated
+ to zero size).
+
+p. The `read' builtin now skips NUL bytes in the input.
+
+q. There is a new `bind -X' option to print all key sequences bound to Unix
+ commands.
+
+r. When in Posix mode, `read' is interruptible by a trapped signal. After
+ running the trap handler, read returns 128+signal and throws away any
+ partially-read input.
+
+s. The command completion code skips whitespace and assignment statements
+ before looking for the command name word to be completed.
+
+t. The build process has a new mechanism for constructing separate help files
+ that better reflects the current set of compilation options.
+
+u. The -nt and -ot options to test now work with files with nanosecond
+ timestamp resolution.
+
+v. The shell saves the command history in any shell for which history is
+ enabled and HISTFILE is set, not just interactive shells.
+
+w. The shell has `nameref' variables and new -n(/+n) options to declare and
+ unset to use them, and a `test -R' option to test for them.
+
+x. The shell now allows assigning, referencing, and unsetting elements of
+ indexed arrays using negative subscripts (a[-1]=2, echo ${a[-1]}) which
+ count back from the last element of the array.
+
+y. The {x}<word redirection feature now allows words like {array[ind]} and
+ can use variables with special meanings to the shell (e.g., BASH_XTRACEFD).
+
+z. There is a new CHILD_MAX special shell variable; its value controls the
+ number of exited child statuses the shell remembers.
+
+aa. There is a new configuration option (--enable-direxpand-default) that
+ causes the `direxpand' shell option to be enabled by default.
+
+bb. Bash does not do anything special to ensure that the file descriptor
+ assigned to X in {x}<foo remains open after the block containing it
+ completes.
+
+cc. The `wait' builtin has a new `-n' option to wait for the next child to
+ change status.
+
+dd. The `printf' %(...)T format specifier now uses the current time if no
+ argument is supplied.
+
+ee. There is a new variable, BASH_COMPAT, that controls the current shell
+ compatibility level.
+
+ff. The `popd' builtin now treats additional arguments as errors.
+
+gg. The brace expansion code now treats a failed sequence expansion as a
+ simple string and will continue to expand brace terms in the remainder
+ of the word.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. Readline is now more responsive to SIGHUP and other fatal signals when
+ reading input from the terminal or performing word completion but no
+ longer attempts to run any not-allowable functions from a signal handler
+ context.
+
+b. There are new bindable commands to search the history for the string of
+ characters between the beginning of the line and the point
+ (history-substring-search-forward, history-substring-search-backward)
+
+c. Readline allows quoted strings as the values of variables when setting
+ them with `set'. As a side effect, trailing spaces and tabs are ignored
+ when setting a string variable's value.
+
+d. The history library creates a backup of the history file when writing it
+ and restores the backup on a write error.
+
+e. New application-settable variable: rl_filename_stat_hook: a function called
+ with a filename before using it in a call to stat(2). Bash uses it to
+ expand shell variables so things like $HOME/Downloads have a slash
+ appended.
+
+f. New bindable function `print-last-kbd-macro', prints the most-recently-
+ defined keyboard macro in a reusable format.
+
+g. New user-settable variable `colored-stats', enables use of colored text
+ to denote file types when displaying possible completions (colored analog
+ of visible-stats).
+
+h. New user-settable variable `keyseq-timout', acts as an inter-character
+ timeout when reading input or incremental search strings.
+
+i. New application-callable function: rl_clear_history. Clears the history list
+ and frees all readline-associated private data.
+
+j. New user-settable variable, show-mode-in-prompt, adds a characters to the
+ beginning of the prompt indicating the current editing mode.
+
+k. New application-settable variable: rl_input_available_hook; function to be
+ called when readline needs to check whether there is data available on its
+ input source. The default hook checks rl_instream.
+
+l. Readline calls an application-set event hook (rl_signal_event_hook) after
+ it gets a signal while reading input (read returns -1/EINTR but readline
+ does not handle the signal immediately) to allow the application to handle
+ or otherwise note it. Not currently called for SIGHUP or SIGTERM.
+
+m. If the user-settable variable `history-size' is set to a value less than
+ 0, the history list size is unlimited.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.2-release,
+and the previous version, bash-4.2-rc2.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused some variables to be clobbered by a longjmp,
+ resulting in stack corruption.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.2-rc2,
+and the previous version, bash-4.2-rc1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Changes to bash_directory_completion_hook so that it's assigned to the
+ readline rl_directory_rewrite_hook variable, which modifies the directory
+ name passed to opendir without modifying the directory name the user
+ typed.
+
+b. Fixed bug in select builtin that caused it to not terminate correctly if
+ the read timed out due to $TMOUT.
+
+c. Fixed a problem that resulted in non-repeatable sequences of random
+ numbers when RANDOM=0.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.2-rc1,
+and the previous version, bash-4.2-beta.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused some redirection errors to leak file descriptors.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused unary `+' and `-' arithmetic operators to have a
+ higher precedence than unary `!' and `~'.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused simple commands in a pipeline to affect the exit
+ status ($?) seen by subsequent pipeline commands.
+
+d. A number of cygwin-specific changes to avoid the use of text-mode files
+ and file access, and to make sure that \r is handled correctly.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that caused the read builtin to not return failure if an
+ attempt is made to assign to a readonly variable.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused some builtin usage messages to not be translated.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that caused the getopts builtin to not return failure if an
+ attempt is made to assign to a readonly variable. Now it returns 2.
+
+h. Fixed the cd and pwd builtins to return failure if PWD is readonly and
+ cannot be assigned to.
+
+i. Added code to check the return value of access(2) on Solaris systems,
+ since it returns success for executable tests (e.g., `test -x') when
+ run by root, even if the file permissions don't allow execution.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused directory names in words to be completed to not
+ be dequoted correctly.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.2-beta,
+and the previous version, bash-4.2-alpha.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused the \W prompt string escape to not add a closing
+ NULL.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused partially-quoted words that were not subject to
+ word splitting to retained quoted NULLs.
+
+c. Added considerable efficiency speedups when pattern matching in multibyte
+ locales by skipping multibyte character functions where possible.
+
+d. Added considerable speedups to variable expansion when in multibyte locales.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that caused the expansion of $* when there are no positional
+ parameters to cause the shell to dump core when used in a pattern
+ matching context.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused variable expansions preceding regular builtins to
+ not change the shell environment during their execution.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a bug that made an explicit argument of 0 to yank-last-arg behave
+ as if it were a negative argument.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.2-alpha,
+and the previous version, bash-4.1-release.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug in the parser when processing alias expansions containing
+ quoted newlines.
+
+b. Fixed a memory leak in associative array expansion.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused quoted here-strings to be requoted when printed.
+
+d. Fixed a bug in arithmetic expansion that caused the index in an array
+ expansion to be evaluated twice under certain circumstances.
+
+e. Fixed several bugs with the expansion and display of variables that have
+ been given attributes but not values and are technically unset.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused core dumps when using filename completion that
+ expands to a filename containing a globbing character.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that caused assignment statements preceding a special builtin
+ when running in Posix mode to not persist after the builtin completed
+ when the special builtin was executed in a shell function without any
+ local variables.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused a command to remain in the hash table even after
+ `hash command' did not find anything if there was already an existing
+ hashed pathname.
+
+i. Fixed several bugs caused by executing unsafe functions from a signal
+ handler in the cases where a signal handler is executed immediately
+ rather than setting a flag for later execution.
+
+j. Fixed a bug that caused some internal flag variables to be set
+ incorrectly if `read -t' timed out.
+
+k. Fixed a Posix compatibility issue by making sure that a backslash escaping
+ a `}' within a double-quoted ${...} parameter expansion is removed as part
+ of the parameter expansion.
+
+l. Fixed a bug that caused execution of a trap to overwrite PIPESTATUS.
+
+m. Fixed a bug that caused here documents to not be displayed correctly
+ when attached to commands inside compound commands.
+
+n. Fixed a bug that caused the printf builtin to use the wrong precision
+ when using the `*' modifier.
+
+o. Fixed a bug that caused an arriving SIGCHLD to interrupt output functions
+ like those invoked by echo or printf.
+
+p. Changed to use a more robust mechanism than eaccess(2) when test is
+ checking filenames for execution permission.
+
+q. Fixed a bug that caused spurious semicolons to be added into the command
+ history in certain cases.
+
+r. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to free non-allocated memory when
+ unsetting element 0 of an associative array after it was assigned
+ implicitly.
+
+s. Fixed a bug that could cause the shell to dump core if using the `v'
+ vi editing command on a multi-line command.
+
+t. Fixed a bug that left FIFOs opened by process substitutions open long
+ enough to potentially cause file descriptor exhaustion when running a
+ shell function or shell builtin.
+
+u. Fixed a bug that caused the history expansion functions to not recognize
+ process substitution or extended glob patterns as single words.
+
+v. Fixed a bug that caused restricted shells to set a restricted command's
+ exit status incorrectly.
+
+w. Fixed a bug that caused bash to ignore the wrong set of filenames when
+ completing a command using the `complete-filename' readline command.
+
+x. Fixed a bug that caused a -PID argument following a -s sig or -n sig to
+ not be interpreted as a signal specification.
+
+y. Changed posix-mode behavior of a parse error in a `.' script or `eval'
+ command to exit the shell under Posix-specified conditions. Previous
+ versions printed a warning.
+
+z. Fixed a bug in \W prompt expansion that resulted in incorrect expansion
+ in the event of overlapping strings.
+
+aa. Fixed a bug that caused the := parameter expansion operator to return the
+ wrong value as the result of the expansion.
+
+bb. When in Posix mode, a single quote is not treated specially in a
+ double-quoted ${...} expansion, unless the expansion operator is
+ # or % or the non-Posix `//', `^', and `,'. In particular, it does
+ not define a new quoting context. This is from Posix interpretation 221.
+
+cc. Fixed a bug that inadvertently allowed program names containing slashes
+ to be entered into the command hash table.
+
+dd. Fixed a bug that caused the select builtin to incorrectly compute the
+ display width of the arguments in the presence of multibyte characters.
+
+ee. Fixed a bug that caused bash to not change the xtrace file descriptor if
+ BASH_XTRACEFD was found in the shell environment at startup.
+
+ff. Fixed a memory leak in the pattern removal parameter expansion.
+
+gg. Fixed a bug that caused SIGINT to fail to interrupt a nested loop if the
+ loop was in a pipeline.
+
+hh. Fixed a problem in $(...) parsing that caused the parser to add an extra
+ space to a here-document delimiter if the first word contained a `/'.
+
+ii. Fixed a bug that caused functions defined with the `function' reserved
+ word to require braces around the function body.
+
+jj. Fixed a bug that caused bash to dump core when a variable expansion being
+ used as an array subscript failed.
+
+kk. Fixed a bug that caused bash to dump core if the case-modification
+ expansions were used on a variable with a null value.
+
+ll. Fixed a bug that caused partially-quoted strings to be split incorrectly
+ if a variable with a null value was expanded within double quotes.
+
+mm. The pattern substitution word expansion has been sped up dramatically
+ when running in a locale with multibyte characters.
+
+nn. Fixed a bug that caused history -a to not write the correct lines to
+ the history file if all the new lines in the history list were added
+ since the last time the history file was read or written.
+
+oo. Fixed a bug that caused completion of a word with an unclosed `` command
+ substitution to set the prompt incorrectly.
+
+pp. Fixed a bug that caused extended globbing patterns in $HISTIGNORE or
+ $GLOBIGNORE to be incorrectly scanned.
+
+qq. Fixed a bug caused by closing file descriptors 3-20 on shell startup. The
+ shell now sets them to close-on-exec.
+
+rr. Fixed a bug that caused the exit status of `exec file' to be set incorrectly
+ if `file' was a directory.
+
+ss. Fixed a bug in the `.' builtin to make a non-interactive posix-mode shell
+ exit if the file argument to `.' is not found. Prefixing exec with
+ `command' makes the shell not exit. Posix requires this behavior.
+
+tt. Fixed a bug that caused `sh -c 'command exec; exit 1' to hang.
+
+uu. Fixed a bug in $(...) command substitution parsing that caused the shell
+ to treat backslash-newline incorrectly when parsing a comment.
+
+vv. Fixed bug that caused brace expansion sequence generation to misbehave
+ when supplied integers greater than 2**31 - 1.
+
+ww. Fixed a bug that caused failure to save file descriptors for redirections
+ to corrupt shell file descriptors.
+
+xx. Fixed a bug that caused bash-forward-shellword to not correctly handle
+ quoted strings.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused the unconverted filename to be added to the list of
+ completions when the application specified filename conversion functions.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused the wrong filename to be passed to opendir when the
+ application has specified a filename dequoting function.
+
+c. Fixed a bug when repeating a character search in vi mode in the case where
+ there was no search to repeat.
+
+d. When show-all-if-ambiguous is set, the completion routines no longer insert
+ a common match prefix that is shorter than the text being completed.
+
+e. The full set of vi editing commands may now be used in callback mode.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused readline to not update its idea of the terminal
+ dimensions while running in `no-echo' mode.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused readline to dump core if an application called
+ rl_prep_terminal without setting rl_instream.
+
+i. Fixed a bug that caused meta-prefixed characters bound to incremental
+ search forward or backward to not be recognized if they were typed
+ subsequently.
+
+j. The incremental search code treats key sequences that map to the same
+ functions as (default) ^G, ^W, and ^Y as equivalent to those characters.
+
+k. Fixed a bug in menu-complete that caused it to misbehave with large
+ negative argument.
+
+l. Fixed a bug that caused vi-mode yank-last-arg to ring the bell when invoked
+ at the end of the line.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. `exec -a foo' now sets $0 to `foo' in an executable shell script without a
+ leading #!.
+
+b. Subshells begun to execute command substitutions or run shell functions or
+ builtins in subshells do not reset trap strings until a new trap is
+ specified. This allows $(trap) to display the caller's traps and the
+ trap strings to persist until a new trap is set.
+
+c. `trap -p' will now show signals ignored at shell startup, though their
+ disposition still cannot be modified.
+
+d. $'...', echo, and printf understand \uXXXX and \UXXXXXXXX escape sequences.
+
+e. declare/typeset has a new `-g' option, which creates variables in the
+ global scope even when run in a shell function.
+
+f. test/[/[[ have a new -v variable unary operator, which returns success if
+ `variable' has been set.
+
+g. Posix parsing changes to allow `! time command' and multiple consecutive
+ instances of `!' (which toggle) and `time' (which have no cumulative
+ effect).
+
+h. Posix change to allow `time' as a command by itself to print the elapsed
+ user, system, and real times for the shell and its children.
+
+j. $((...)) is always parsed as an arithmetic expansion first, instead of as
+ a potential nested command substitution, as Posix requires.
+
+k. A new FUNCNEST variable to allow the user to control the maximum shell
+ function nesting (recursive execution) level.
+
+l. The mapfile builtin now supplies a third argument to the callback command:
+ the line about to be assigned to the supplied array index.
+
+m. The printf builtin has a new %(fmt)T specifier, which allows time values
+ to use strftime-like formatting.
+
+n. There is a new `compat41' shell option.
+
+o. The cd builtin has a new Posix-mandated `-e' option.
+
+p. Negative subscripts to indexed arrays, previously errors, now are treated
+ as offsets from the maximum assigned index + 1.
+
+q. Negative length specifications in the ${var:offset:length} expansion,
+ previously errors, are now treated as offsets from the end of the variable.
+
+r. Parsing change to allow `time -p --'.
+
+s. Posix-mode parsing change to not recognize `time' as a keyword if the
+ following token begins with a `-'. This means no more Posix-mode
+ `time -p'. Posix interpretation 267.
+
+t. There is a new `lastpipe' shell option that runs the last command of a
+ pipeline in the current shell context. The lastpipe option has no
+ effect if job control is enabled.
+
+u. History expansion no longer expands the `$!' variable expansion.
+
+v. Posix mode shells no longer exit if a variable assignment error occurs
+ with an assignment preceding a command that is not a special builtin.
+
+w. Non-interactive mode shells exit if -u is enabled and an attempt is made
+ to use an unset variable with the % or # expansions, the `//', `^', or
+ `,' expansions, or the parameter length expansion.
+
+x. Posix-mode shells use the argument passed to `.' as-is if a $PATH search
+ fails, effectively searching the current directory. Posix-2008 change.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. The history library does not try to write the history filename in the
+ current directory if $HOME is unset. This closes a potential security
+ problem if the application does not specify a history filename.
+
+b. New bindable variable `completion-display-width' to set the number of
+ columns used when displaying completions.
+
+c. New bindable variable `completion-case-map' to cause case-insensitive
+ completion to treat `-' and `_' as identical.
+
+d. There are new bindable vi-mode command names to avoid readline's case-
+ insensitive matching not allowing them to be bound separately.
+
+e. New bindable variable `menu-complete-display-prefix' causes the menu
+ completion code to display the common prefix of the possible completions
+ before cycling through the list, instead of after.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.1-rc,
+and the previous version, bash-4.1-beta.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused printf to not return a partial value when it
+ encountered an error while converting an integer argument.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused setting one of the compatNN options to not
+ turn off the others.
+
+c. The (undocumented) --wordexp option is no longer included by default.
+
+d. Fixed a bug in conditional command execution that caused it to not
+ correctly ignore the exit status under certain circumstances.
+
+e. Added a configure-time check for correctly-working asprintf/snprintf.
+
+f. Fixed some problems with line number calculation and display when sourcing
+ a file in an interactive shell.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to crash when using `declare -A foo=bar'.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused an off-by-one error when calculating the directories
+ to display with the PROMPT_DIRTRIM option.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused applications using the callback interface to not
+ react to SIGINT (or other signals) until another character arrived.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.1-beta,
+and the previous version, bash-4.1-alpha.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug in mapfile that caused the shell to crash if it was passed the
+ name of an associative array.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to incorrectly split case patterns if
+ they contained characters in $IFS.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to set $? to the wrong value when using
+ a construct ending with a variable assignment with set -x enabled and PS4
+ containing a command substitution.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to read commands incorrectly if an
+ expansion error occurred under certain conditions in a user-specified
+ subshell.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to set $? incorrectly if a parse error
+ occurred in an evaluation context ("eval", trap command, dot script, etc.)
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to attempt command substitution
+ completion within a single-quoted string.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to insert an extra single quote during
+ word completion.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to crash if invoked with the environment
+ variable EMACS having a null value.
+
+i. Fixed a bug that caused bash to incorrectly report the presence of new
+ mail in a `maildir' environment.
+
+j. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to not recognize a here-document ending
+ delimiter inside a command substitution.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to crash when a a dynamic array variable
+ was assigned a scalar value.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. The mapfile/readarray builtin no longer stores the commands it invokes via
+ callbacks in the history list.
+
+b. There is a new `compat40' shopt option.
+
+c. The < and > operators to [[ do string comparisons using the current locale
+ only if the compatibility level is greater than 40 (set to 41 by default).
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.1-alpha,
+and the previous version, bash-4.0-release.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed bugs in the parser involving new parsing of the commands contained
+ in command substitution when the substitution is read.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to dump core when performing programmable
+ completion using a shell function.
+
+c. Fixed a bug in `mapfile' that caused it to invoke callbacks at the wrong
+ time.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to dump core when listing jobs in the
+ `exit' builtin.
+
+e. Fixed several bugs encountered when reading subscripts in associative
+ array assignments and expansions.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that under some circumstances caused an associative array to
+ be converted to an indexed array.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that caused syntax errors and SIGINT interrupts to not set
+ $? to a value > 128.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to remove FIFOs associated with process
+ substitution inside shell functions.
+
+i. Fixed a bug that caused terminal attributes to not be reset when the
+ `read' builtin timed out.
+
+j. Fixed a bug in brace expansion that caused unwanted zero padding of the
+ expanded terms.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that prevented the |& construct from working as intended when
+ used with a simple command with additional redirections.
+
+l. Fixed a bug with the case statment ;& terminator that caused the shell to
+ dereference a NULL pointer.
+
+m. Fixed a bug that caused assignment statements or redirections preceding
+ a simple command name to inhibit alias expansion.
+
+n. Fixed the behavior of `set -u' to conform to the latest Posix interpretation:
+ every expansion of an unset variable except $@ and $* will cause the
+ shell to exit.
+
+o. Fixed a bug that caused double-quoted expansions of $* inside word
+ expansions like ${x#$*} to not expand properly when $IFS is empty.
+
+p. Fixed a bug that caused traps to set $LINENO to the wrong value when they
+ execute.
+
+q. Fixed a bug that caused off-by-one errors when computing history lines in
+ the `fc' builtin.
+
+r. Fixed a bug that caused some terminating signals to not exit the shell
+ quickly enough, forcing the kernel to send the signal (e.g., SIGSEGV)
+ multiple times.
+
+s. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to attempt to add empty lines to the
+ history list when reading here documents.
+
+t. Made some internal changes that dramatically speeds up sequential indexed
+ array access.
+
+u. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to write past the end of a string when
+ completing a double-quoted string ending in a backslash.
+
+v. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to replace too many characters when a
+ pattern match was null in a ${foo//bar} expansion.
+
+w. Fixed bugs in the expansion of ** that caused duplicate directory names
+ and the contents of the current directory to be omitted.
+
+x. Fixed a bug that caused $? to not be set correctly when referencing an
+ unset variable with set -u and set -e enabled.
+
+y. Fixed a bug caused by executing an external program from the DEBUG trap
+ while a pipeline was running. The effect was to disturb the pipeline
+ state, occasionally causing it to hang.
+
+z. Fixed a bug that caused the ** glob expansion to dump core if it
+ encountered an unsearchable directory.
+
+aa. Fixed a bug that caused `command -v' and `command -V' to not honor the
+ path set by the -p option.
+
+bb. Fixed a bug that caused brace expansion to take place too soon in some
+ compound array assignments.
+
+cc. Fixed a bug that caused programmable completion functions' changes to
+ READLINE_POINT to not be reflected back to readline.
+
+dd. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to dump core if a trap was executed
+ during a shell assignment statement.
+
+ee. Fixed an off-by-one error when computing the number of positional
+ parameters for the ${@:0:n} expansion.
+
+ff. Fixed a problem with setting COMP_CWORD for programmable completion
+ functions that could leave it set to -1.
+
+gg. Fixed a bug that caused the ERR trap to be triggered in some cases where
+ `set -e' would not have caused the shell to exit.
+
+hh. Fixed a bug that caused changes made by `compopt' to not persist past the
+ completion function in which compopt was executed.
+
+ii. Fixed a bug that caused the list of hostname completions to not be cleared
+ when HOSTNAME was unset.
+
+jj. Fixed a bug that caused variable expansion in here documents to look in
+ any temporary environment.
+
+kk. Bash and readline can now convert file names between precomposed and
+ decomposed Unicode on Mac OS X ("keyboard" and file system forms,
+ respectively). This affects filename completion (using new
+ rl_filename_rewrite_hook), globbing, and readline redisplay.
+
+ll. The ERR and EXIT traps now see a non-zero value for $? when a parser
+ error after set -e has been enabled causes the shell to exit.
+
+mm. Fixed a bug that in brace expansion that caused zero-prefixed terms to
+ not contain the correct number of digits.
+
+nn. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to free non-allocated memory when
+ unsetting an associative array which had had a value implicitly assigned
+ to index "0".
+
+oo. Fixed a memory leak in the ${!prefix@} expansion.
+
+pp. Fixed a bug that caused printf to not correctly report all write errors.
+
+qq. Fixed a bug that caused single and double quotes to act as delimiters
+ when splitting a command line into words for programmable completion.
+
+rr. Fixed a bug that caused ** globbing that caused **/path/* to match every
+ directory, not just those matching `path'.
+
+ss. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to dump core when running `help' without
+ arguments if the terminal width was fewer than 7 characters.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. The SIGWINCH signal handler now avoids calling the redisplay code if
+ one arrives while in the middle of redisplay.
+
+b. Changes to the timeout code to make sure that timeout values greater
+ than one second are handled better.
+
+c. Fixed a bug in the redisplay code that was triggered by a prompt
+ containing invisible characters exactly the width of the screen.
+
+d. Fixed a bug in the redisplay code encountered when running in horizontal
+ scroll mode.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that prevented menu completion from properly completing
+ filenames.
+
+f. Fixed a redisplay bug caused by a multibyte character causing a line to
+ wrap.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that caused key sequences of two characters to not be
+ recognized when a longer sequence identical in the first two characters
+ was bound.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused history expansion to be attempted on $'...'
+ single-quoted strings.
+
+i. Fixed a bug that caused incorrect redisplay when the prompt contained
+ multibyte characters in an `invisible' sequence bracketed by \[ and
+ \].
+
+j. Fixed a bug that caused history expansion to short-circuit after
+ encountering a multibyte character.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. Here-documents within $(...) command substitutions may once more be
+ delimited by the closing right paren, instead of requiring a newline.
+
+b. Bash's file status checks (executable, readable, etc.) now take file
+ system ACLs into account on file systems that support them.
+
+c. Bash now passes environment variables with names that are not valid
+ shell variable names through into the environment passed to child
+ processes.
+
+d. The `execute-unix-command' readline function now attempts to clear and
+ reuse the current line rather than move to a new one after the command
+ executes.
+
+e. `printf -v' can now assign values to array indices.
+
+f. New `complete -E' and `compopt -E' options that work on the "empty"
+ completion: completion attempted on an empty command line.
+
+g. New complete/compgen/compopt -D option to define a `default' completion:
+ a completion to be invoked on command for which no completion has been
+ defined. If this function returns 124, programmable completion is
+ attempted again, allowing a user to dynamically build a set of completions
+ as completion is attempted by having the default completion function
+ install individual completion functions each time it is invoked.
+
+h. When displaying associative arrays, subscripts are now quoted.
+
+i. Changes to dabbrev-expand to make it more `emacs-like': no space appended
+ after matches, completions are not sorted, and most recent history entries
+ are presented first.
+
+j. The [[ and (( commands are now subject to the setting of `set -e' and the
+ ERR trap.
+
+k. The source/. builtin now removes NUL bytes from the file before attempting
+ to parse commands.
+
+l. There is a new configuration option (in config-top.h) that forces bash to
+ forward all history entries to syslog.
+
+m. A new variable $BASHOPTS to export shell options settable using `shopt' to
+ child processes.
+
+n. There is a new confgure option that forces the extglob option to be
+ enabled by default.
+
+o. New variable $BASH_XTRACEFD; when set to an integer bash will write xtrace
+ output to that file descriptor.
+
+p. If the optional left-hand-side of a redirection is of the form {var}, the
+ shell assigns the file descriptor used to $var or uses $var as the file
+ descriptor to move or close, depending on the redirection operator.
+
+q. The < and > operators to the [[ conditional command now do string
+ comparison according to the current locale.
+
+r. Programmable completion now uses the completion for `b' instead of `a'
+ when completion is attempted on a line like: a $(b c.
+
+s. Force extglob on temporarily when parsing the pattern argument to
+ the == and != operators to the [[ command, for compatibility.
+
+t. Changed the behavior of interrupting the wait builtin when a SIGCHLD is
+ received and a trap on SIGCHLD is set to be Posix-mode only.
+
+u. The read builtin has a new `-N nchars' option, which reads exactly NCHARS
+ characters, ignoring delimiters like newline.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. New bindable function: menu-complete-backward.
+
+b. In the vi insertion keymap, C-n is now bound to menu-complete by default,
+ and C-p to menu-complete-backward.
+
+c. When in vi command mode, repeatedly hitting ESC now does nothing, even
+ when ESC introduces a bound key sequence. This is closer to how
+ historical vi behaves.
+
+d. New bindable function: skip-csi-sequence. Can be used as a default to
+ consume key sequences generated by keys like Home and End without having
+ to bind all keys.
+
+e. New application-settable function: rl_filename_rewrite_hook. Can be used
+ to rewite or modify filenames read from the file system before they are
+ compared to the word to be completed.
+
+f. New bindable variable: skip-completed-text, active when completing in the
+ middle of a word. If enabled, it means that characters in the completion
+ that match characters in the remainder of the word are "skipped" rather
+ than inserted into the line.
+
+g. The pre-readline-6.0 version of menu completion is available as
+ "old-menu-complete" for users who do not like the readline-6.0 version.
+
+h. New bindable variable: echo-control-characters. If enabled, and the
+ tty ECHOCTL bit is set, controls the echoing of characters corresponding
+ to keyboard-generated signals.
+
+i. New bindable variable: enable-meta-key. Controls whether or not readline
+ sends the smm/rmm sequences if the terminal indicates it has a meta key
+ that enables eight-bit characters.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.0-release,
+and the previous version, bash-4.0-rc1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Changed the message printed when setlocale(3) fails to only include the
+ strerror error text if the call changes errno.
+
+b. Changed trap command execution to reset the line number before running a
+ trap (except DEBUG and RETURN traps).
+
+c. Fixed behavior of case-modifiying word expansions to not work on
+ individual words within a variable's value.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that caused mapfile to not be interruptible when run in an
+ interactive shell.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that caused mapfile to not run callbacks for the first line
+ read.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused mapfile to not honor EOF typed in an interactive
+ shell.
+
+g. Fixed the coprocess reaping code to not run straight from a signal handler.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused printf -b to ignore the first % conversion specifier
+ in the format string on 64-bit systems.
+
+i. Fixed a bug that caused incorrect word splitting when `:', `=', or `~'
+ appeared in $IFS.
+
+j. Fixed a bug that caused data corruption in the programmable completion code
+ when a shell function called from a completion aborted execution.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that caused the CPU usage reported by the `time' builtin to be
+ capped at 100%.
+
+l. Changed behavior of shell when -e option is in effect to reflect consensus
+ of Posix shell standardization working group.
+
+m. Fixed a bug introduced in bash-4.0-alpha that caused redirections to not
+ be displayed by `type' or `declare' when appearing in functions under
+ certain circumstances.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused !(...) extended glob patterns to inhibit later
+ history expansion.
+
+b. Reworked the signal handling to avoid calling disallowed functions from a
+ signal handler.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. `readarray' is now a synonym for `mapfile'.
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.0-rc1,
+and the previous version, bash-4.0-beta2.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused parsing errors when a $()-style command
+ substitution was follwed immediately by a quoted newline.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused extended shell globbing patterns beginning with
+ `*(' to not work when used with pattern substitution word expansions.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.0-beta2,
+and the previous version, bash-4.0-beta.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused failed word expansions to set $? but not
+ PIPESTATUS.
+
+b. Changed filename completion to quote the tilde in a filename with a
+ leading tilde that exists in the current directory.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused a file descriptor leak when performing
+ redirections attached to a compound command.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that caused expansions of $@ and $* to not exit the shell if
+ the -u option was enabled and there were no posititional parameters.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that resulted in bash not terminating immediately if a
+ terminating signal was received while performing output.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to crash after creating 256 process
+ substitutions during word completion.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused redisplay errors when using prompts with invisible
+ characters and numeric arguments to a command in a multibyte locale.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused redisplay errors when using prompts with invisible
+ characters spanning more than two physical screen lines.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.0-beta,
+and the previous version, bash-4.0-alpha.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a typo that caused a variable to be used before initialization
+ while parsing Posix-style command substitutions.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused stray ^? when the expansion of a parameter used
+ as part of a pattern removal expansion is empty, but part of a non-
+ empty string.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that could cause strings not converted to numbers by strtol
+ to be treated as if the conversion had been successful.
+
+d. The `return' builtin now accepts no options and requires a `--' before
+ a negative return value, as Posix requires.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that caused local variables to be created with the empty
+ string for a value rather than no value.
+
+f. Changed behavior so the shell now acts as if it received an interrupt
+ when a pipeline is killed by SIGINT while executing a list.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that caused `declare var' and `typeset var' to initialize
+ `var' to the empty string.
+
+h. Changed `bind' builtin to print a warning but proceed if invoked when
+ line editing is not active.
+
+i. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to exit when the `errexit' option is
+ set and a command in a pipeline returns a non-zero exit status.
+
+j. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to not run the exit trap in a command
+ run with `bash -c' under some circumstances.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that caused parser errors to occasionally not set $? when
+ running commands with `eval'.
+
+l. Fixed a bug that caused stray control characters when evaluating compound
+ array assignments containing $'\x7f' escapes.
+
+m. Fixed a bug that caused redirections involving file descriptor 10 as the
+ target to behave incorrectly.
+
+n. Fixed a bug that could cause memory to be freed multiple times when
+ assigning to COMP_WORDBREAKS.
+
+o. Fixed a bug that could cause NULL pointer dereferences when COMP_WORDBREAKS
+ was unset.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. A value of 0 for the -t option to `read' now returns success if there is
+ input available to be read from the specified file descriptor.
+
+b. CDPATH and GLOBIGNORE are ignored when the shell is running in privileged
+ mode.
+
+c. New bindable readline functions shell-forward-word and shell-backward-word,
+ which move forward and backward words delimited by shell metacharacters
+ and honor shell quoting.
+
+d. New bindable readline functions shell-backward-kill-word and shell-kill-word
+ which kill words backward and forward, but use the same word boundaries
+ as shell-forward-word and shell-backward-word.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. If the kernel supports it, readline displays special characters
+ corresponding to a keyboard-generated signal when the signal is received.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-4.0-alpha,
+and the previous version, bash-3.2-release.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed several bugs in old-style `` command substitution parsing, including
+ comment parsing and quoted string handling.
+
+b. Fixed problems parsing arguments to the [[ command's =~ regular expression
+ matching operator: metacharacter and whitespace parsing.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to inappropriately reuse high-numbered
+ file descriptors it used internally.
+
+d. Fixed a bug in pattern replacement word expansions that caused a `/' as
+ the first character of an expanded pattern to be mistaken for a global
+ replacement specifier.
+
+e. Fixed several problems with the asprintf and snprintf replacement functions
+ that caused hangs and crashes.
+
+f. Fixed a bug in the calculation of the current and previous job that caused
+ it to refer to incorrect jobs.
+
+g. Fixed a bug in the check for the validity of a hashed command pathname that
+ caused unnecessary hash table deletions and additions.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused child processes to inherit the wrong value for $!.
+
+i. Fixed a bug that caused `.' to fail to read and execute commands from non-
+ regular files such as devices or named pipes.
+
+j. Fixed a bug in printf formatting for the %x and %X expansions that occurred
+ on some systems.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to crash when creating temporary files if
+ $TMPDIR named a non-writable directory.
+
+l. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to ignore $TMPDIR when creating temporary
+ files under some circumstances.
+
+m. Fixed a bug that caused named pipes created by process substitution to not
+ be cleaned up.
+
+n. Fixed a bug that caused HISTTIMEFORMAT to not be honored when it appeared
+ in the initial shell environment.
+
+o. Fixed several bugs in the expansion of $* and $@ (quoted and unquoted)
+ when IFS is null or contains non-whitespace characters; the same changes
+ apply to arrays subscripted with * or @.
+
+p. Fixed several problems with pattern substitution expansions on the
+ positional parameters and arrays subscripted with * or @ that occurred
+ when $IFS was set to the empty string.
+
+q. Made a change to the default locale initialization code that should
+ result in better behavior from the locale-aware library functions.
+
+r. Fixed a bug that caused compacting the jobs list to drop jobs.
+
+s. Fixed a bug that caused jumps back to the top-level processing loop from
+ a builtin command to leave the shell in an inconsistent state.
+
+t. Fixed a bug that caused characters that would be escaped internally to be
+ doubled when escaped with a backslash.
+
+u. Fixed the initialization of mailboxes to not cause maildirs to be read
+ (and stat(2) called for every message file) at shell startup.
+
+v. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to not display $PS2 when the read builtin
+ reads a line continued with a backslash.
+
+w. Fixed a bug that caused errors in word splitting when $IFS contained
+ characters used for internal quoting.
+
+x. Fixed bugs that caused problems with output from shell builtins not being
+ completely displayed on some systems.
+
+y. Fixed a bug that caused output to be lost when a redirection is acting on
+ the shell's output file descriptor.
+
+z. Fixed bugs caused by shell builtins not checking for all write errors.
+
+aa. Fixed a problem that caused the shell to dump core if expansions on the
+ pattern passed to the pattern removal word expansions resulted in expansion
+ errors.
+
+bb. Fixed a bug that caused bash to loop infinitely after creating and
+ waiting for 4096 jobs.
+
+cc. Fixed a bug that caused bash to lose the status of a background job under
+ certain circumstances.
+
+dd. Fixed a bug that caused bash to not look in the temporary environment
+ when performing variable lookup under certain circumstances.
+
+ee. Fixed a bug that caused bash to close file descriptors greater than 10
+ when they were used in redirections.
+
+ff. Fixed a problem that caused the shell to attempt to read from the standard
+ input when called as `bash -i script'.
+
+gg. Fixed a memory leak and variable initialization problems when the -v option
+ was supplied to `printf' that could cause incorrect results.
+
+hh. Fixed a bug that caused the `read' builtin to count bytes when the -n option
+ was supplied, rather than (possibly multibyte) characters.
+
+ii. Fixed a bug when displaying a function due to not converting the function
+ to an external form.
+
+jj. Changed job control initialization to ensure that the shell has a tty
+ as its controlling terminal before enabling job control.
+
+kk. Fixed a bug with the `test' builtin that caused it to misinterpret
+ arguments beginning with `-' but containing more than one character.
+
+ll. Fixed bug that could cause the shell to dump core in certain cases where
+ a command sets the SIGINT disposition to the default.
+
+mm. Fixed a bug in the pattern replacement (affecting both word expansion
+ and the `fc' builtin) that occurred when the pattern and replacement
+ strings were empty.
+
+nn. Fixed a bug that caused an arithmetic evaluation error to disable all
+ further evaluation.
+
+oo. Fixed a bug in pathname expansion that caused it to interpret backslashes
+ in the pathname as quoting characters.
+
+pp. Fixed a bug in the replacement getcwd() implementation that could cause
+ memory to be overwritten.
+
+qq. When in Posix mode, the `ulimit' builtin now uses a block size of 512 for
+ the `-c' and `-f' options.
+
+rr. Brace expansion now allows process substitutions to pass through unchanged.
+
+ss. Fixed a problem in the command name completion code to avoid quoting
+ escaped special characters twice when the command name begins with a tilde.
+
+tt. Fixed a problem in the printf builtin that resulted in single-byte
+ output for the "'" escape, even when using multibyte characters.
+
+uu. Fixed a bug that caused the failure exit status to be lost when redirections
+ attached to a compound command failed.
+
+vv. Fixed a bug that caused the internal random number generator to not be
+ re-seeded correctly when creating a subshell.
+
+ww. Fixed a bug that could cause the bash replacement getcwd to overwrite
+ memory.
+
+xx. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to not receive SIGINT if it was sent
+ while the shell was waiting for a command substitution to terminate, and
+ make sure the exit status is correct when it does.
+
+yy. Fixed a bug that resulted in the second and subsequent children spawned
+ by a shell begun to run a command substitution being placed into the
+ wrong process group.
+
+zz. Fixed a bug that caused the results of successful tilde expansion to be
+ subject to pathname expansion and word splitting.
+
+aaa. Fixed a bug that could cause the shell to hang if it encountered an
+ error that caused it to jump back to the top processing loop during a
+ command substitution or `eval' command.
+
+bbb. Fixed a bug that caused the `read' builtin to use the tty's attributes
+ instead of those of the file descriptor passed with the -u option when
+ processing the -n and -d options.
+
+ccc. Fixed a bug that caused incorrect expansion of ${array[@]:foo} if the
+ first character of $IFS was not whitespace.
+
+ddd. Fixed a bug that occurred when scanning for the ending delimiter of a
+ ${parameter/pat/sub} expansion.
+
+eee. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to inappropriately expand command
+ substitutions in words when expanding directory names for completion.
+
+fff. Fixed a bug that caused the `fc' builtin to look too far back in the
+ history list under certain circumstances.
+
+ggg. Fixed a bug that caused a shell running in Posix mode to search $PWD for
+ a file specified as an argument to source/. when the file was not found
+ in $PATH.
+
+hhh. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to modify the case of a command word
+ found via command completion when the shell was performing case-
+ insensitive completion.
+
+iii. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to search $PATH for an argument to
+ source/. even when it contained a `/'.
+
+jjj. Fixed a bug that caused brace expansion to misorder expansions when the
+ locale did not have a collating order like aAbBcC...zZ.
+
+kkk. Fixed a bug that did not allow `set +o history' to have any effect when
+ run in a startup file or from a sourced file.
+
+lll. Fixed a bug with the precedence of the ?: conditional arithmetic operator.
+
+mmm. Fixed a bug that caused side effects of temporary variable assignments
+ to persist in the shell environment.
+
+nnn. Fixed a bug that caused the terminal to be left in non-canonical mode
+ when using editing commands that invoke the an editor on the current
+ command line.
+
+ooo. Fixed a bug that caused globbing characters and characters in $IFS to not
+ be quoted appropriately when displaying assignment statements.
+
+ppp. Fixed a bug that caused the `-e' option to be inherited when sourcing a
+ file or evaluating a command with `eval' even if the return value of the
+ command was supposed to be ignored.
+
+qqq. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to attempt to created variables with
+ invalid names if such names appeared in the initial environment.
+
+rrr. Fixed a bug with quote removal in strings where the final character is a
+ backslash.
+
+sss. Fixed a bug that caused the effects of special variables to persist even
+ when the variables were unset as part of the shell reinitializing itself
+ to execute a shell script.
+
+ttt. Fixed a bug that caused the history to not be saved after `history -c' or
+ `history -d' was executed until a sufficient number of commands had been
+ saved to the history.
+
+uuu. Bash now parses command substitutions according to Posix rules: parsing
+ the command contained in $() to find the closing delimiter.
+
+vvv. Fixed a bug that caused traps on SIGCHLD set in a SIGCHLD handler to
+ not persist.
+
+www. Fixed a bug that didn't allow SIGCHLD to interrupt the `wait' builtin
+ as Posix specifies.
+
+xxx. Invalid numeric arguments to shell builtins no longer cause the shell to
+ short-circuit any executing compound command.
+
+yyy. Fixed a bug that caused the exit status to be lost when `break' was
+ used to short-circuit a loop's execution.
+
+zzz. Fixed a bug that caused stray ^? characters to be left in expansions of
+ "${array[*]}".
+
+aaaa. Bash now prints better error messages for here documents terminated by
+ EOF and for identifying the incorrect token in an invalid arithmetic
+ expression.
+
+bbbb. Fixed a bug in the variable length word expansion that caused it to
+ incorrectly calculate the number of multibyte characters.
+
+cccc. Fixed a race condition that could result in the top-level shell setting
+ the terminal's process group to an incorrect value if the process
+ group was changed by a child of a child of the shell.
+
+dddd. Fixed a bug that caused here documents belonging to commands within a
+ compound command to be displayed in a syntactially-incorrect form, which
+ prevented them from being re-read as input.
+
+eeee. The shell displays more warnings about failures to set the locale.
+
+ffff. Fixed a bug that caused the body of a here-document to not be saved to
+ the history list.
+
+gggg. Fixed a bug that caused configure to incorrectly conclude that FreeBSD
+ had /dev/fd available, resulting in problems with process substitution.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a number of redisplay errors in environments supporting multibyte
+ characters.
+
+b. Fixed bugs in vi command mode that caused motion commands to inappropriately
+ set the mark.
+
+c. When using the arrow keys in vi insertion mode, readline allows movement
+ beyond the current end of the line (unlike command mode).
+
+d. Fixed bugs that caused readline to loop when the terminal has been taken
+ away and reads return -1/EIO.
+
+e. Fixed bugs in redisplay occurring when displaying prompts containing
+ invisible characters.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused the completion append character to not be reset to
+ the default after an application-specified completion function changed it.
+
+g. Fixed a problem that caused incorrect positioning of the cursor while in
+ emacs editing mode when moving forward at the end of a line while using
+ a locale supporting multibyte characters.
+
+h. Fixed an off-by-one error that caused readline to drop every 511th
+ character of buffered input.
+
+i. Fixed a bug that resulted in SIGTERM not being caught or cleaned up.
+
+j. Fixed redisplay bugs caused by multiline prompts with invisible characters
+ or no characters following the final newline.
+
+k. Fixed redisplay bug caused by prompts consisting solely of invisible
+ characters.
+
+l. Fixed a bug in the code that buffers characters received very quickly in
+ succession which caused characters to be dropped.
+
+m. Fixed a bug that caused readline to reference uninitialized data structures
+ if it received a SIGWINCH before completing initialzation.
+
+n. Fixed a bug that caused the vi-mode `last command' to be set incorrectly
+ and therefore unrepeatable.
+
+o. Fixed a bug that caused readline to disable echoing when it was being used
+ with an output file descriptor that was not a terminal.
+
+p. Readline now blocks SIGINT while manipulating internal data structures
+ during redisplay.
+
+q. Fixed a bug in redisplay that caused readline to segfault when pasting a
+ very long line (over 130,000 characters).
+
+r. Fixed bugs in redisplay when using prompts with no visible printing
+ characters.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. When using substring expansion on the positional parameters, a starting
+ index of 0 now causes $0 to be prefixed to the list.
+
+b. The `help' builtin now prints its columns with entries sorted vertically
+ rather than horizontally.
+
+c. There is a new variable, $BASHPID, which always returns the process id of
+ the current shell.
+
+d. There is a new `autocd' option that, when enabled, causes bash to attempt
+ to `cd' to a directory name that is supplied as the first word of a
+ simple command.
+
+e. There is a new `checkjobs' option that causes the shell to check for and
+ report any running or stopped jobs at exit.
+
+f. The programmable completion code exports a new COMP_TYPE variable, set to
+ a character describing the type of completion being attempted.
+
+g. The programmable completion code exports a new COMP_KEY variable, set to
+ the character that caused the completion to be invoked (e.g., TAB).
+
+h. If creation of a child process fails due to insufficient resources, bash
+ will try again several times before reporting failure.
+
+i. The programmable completion code now uses the same set of characters as
+ readline when breaking the command line into a list of words.
+
+j. The block multiplier for the ulimit -c and -f options is now 512 when in
+ Posix mode, as Posix specifies.
+
+k. Changed the behavior of the read builtin to save any partial input received
+ in the specified variable when the read builtin times out. This also
+ results in variables specified as arguments to read to be set to the empty
+ string when there is no input available. When the read builtin times out,
+ it returns an exit status greater than 128.
+
+l. The shell now has the notion of a `compatibility level', controlled by
+ new variables settable by `shopt'. Setting this variable currently
+ restores the bash-3.1 behavior when processing quoted strings on the rhs
+ of the `=~' operator to the `[[' command.
+
+m. The `ulimit' builtin now has new -b (socket buffer size) and -T (number
+ of threads) options.
+
+n. The -p option to `declare' now displays all variable values and attributes
+ (or function values and attributes if used with -f).
+
+o. There is a new `compopt' builtin that allows completion functions to modify
+ completion options for existing completions or the completion currently
+ being executed.
+
+p. The `read' builtin has a new -i option which inserts text into the reply
+ buffer when using readline.
+
+q. A new `-E' option to the complete builtin allows control of the default
+ behavior for completion on an empty line.
+
+r. There is now limited support for completing command name words containing
+ globbing characters.
+
+s. Changed format of internal help documentation for all builtins to roughly
+ follow man page format.
+
+t. The `help' builtin now has a new -d option, to display a short description,
+ and a -m option, to print help information in a man page-like format.
+
+u. There is a new `mapfile' builtin to populate an array with lines from a
+ given file.
+
+v. If a command is not found, the shell attempts to execute a shell function
+ named `command_not_found_handle', supplying the command words as the
+ function arguments.
+
+w. There is a new shell option: `globstar'. When enabled, the globbing code
+ treats `**' specially -- it matches all directories (and files within
+ them, when appropriate) recursively.
+
+x. There is a new shell option: `dirspell'. When enabled, the filename
+ completion code performs spelling correction on directory names during
+ completion.
+
+y. The `-t' option to the `read' builtin now supports fractional timeout
+ values.
+
+z. Brace expansion now allows zero-padding of expanded numeric values and
+ will add the proper number of zeroes to make sure all values contain the
+ same number of digits.
+
+aa. There is a new bash-specific bindable readline function: `dabbrev-expand'.
+ It uses menu completion on a set of words taken from the history list.
+
+bb. The command assigned to a key sequence with `bind -x' now sets two new
+ variables in the environment of the executed command: READLINE_LINE_BUFFER
+ and READLINE_POINT. The command can change the current readline line
+ and cursor position by modifying READLINE_LINE_BUFFER and READLINE_POINT,
+ respectively.
+
+cc. There is a new &>> redirection operator, which appends the standard output
+ and standard error to the named file.
+
+dd. The parser now understands `|&' as a synonym for `2>&1 |', which redirects
+ the standard error for a command through a pipe.
+
+ee. The new `;&' case statement action list terminator causes execution to
+ continue with the action associated with the next pattern in the
+ statement rather than terminating the command.
+
+ff. The new `;;&' case statement action list terminator causes the shell to
+ test the next set of patterns after completing execution of the current
+ action, rather than terminating the command.
+
+gg. The shell understands a new variable: PROMPT_DIRTRIM. When set to an
+ integer value greater than zero, prompt expansion of \w and \W will
+ retain only that number of trailing pathname components and replace
+ the intervening characters with `...'.
+
+hh. There are new case-modifying word expansions: uppercase (^[^]) and
+ lowercase (,[,]). They can work on either the first character or
+ array element, or globally. They accept an optional shell pattern
+ that determines which characters to modify. There is an optionally-
+ configured feature to include capitalization operators.
+
+ii. The shell provides associative array variables, with the appropriate
+ support to create, delete, assign values to, and expand them.
+
+jj. The `declare' builtin now has new -l (convert value to lowercase upon
+ assignment) and -u (convert value to uppercase upon assignment) options.
+ There is an optionally-configurable -c option to capitalize a value at
+ assignment.
+
+kk. There is a new `coproc' reserved word that specifies a coprocess: an
+ asynchronous command run with two pipes connected to the creating shell.
+ Coprocs can be named. The input and output file descriptors and the
+ PID of the coprocess are available to the calling shell in variables
+ with coproc-specific names.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. A new variable, rl_sort_completion_matches; allows applications to inhibit
+ match list sorting (but beware: some things don't work right if
+ applications do this).
+
+b. A new variable, rl_completion_invoking_key; allows applications to discover
+ the key that invoked rl_complete or rl_menu_complete.
+
+c. The functions rl_block_sigint and rl_release_sigint are now public and
+ available to calling applications who want to protect critical sections
+ (like redisplay).
+
+d. The functions rl_save_state and rl_restore_state are now public and
+ available to calling applications; documented rest of readline's state
+ flag values.
+
+e. A new user-settable variable, `history-size', allows setting the maximum
+ number of entries in the history list.
+
+f. There is a new implementation of menu completion, with several improvements
+ over the old; the most notable improvement is a better `completions
+ browsing' mode.
+
+g. The menu completion code now uses the rl_menu_completion_entry_function
+ variable, allowing applications to provide their own menu completion
+ generators.
+
+h. There is support for replacing a prefix of a pathname with a `...' when
+ displaying possible completions. This is controllable by setting the
+ `completion-prefix-display-length' variable. Matches with a common prefix
+ longer than this value have the common prefix replaced with `...'.
+
+i. There is a new `revert-all-at-newline' variable. If enabled, readline will
+ undo all outstanding changes to all history lines when `accept-line' is
+ executed.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-3.2-release,
+and the previous version, bash-3.2-beta.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused the temporary environment passed to a command to
+ affect the shell's environment under certain circumstances.
+
+b. Fixed a bug in the printf builtin that caused the %q format specifier to
+ ignore empty string arguments.
+
+c. Improved multibyte character environment detection at configuration time.
+
+d. Fixed a bug in the read builtin that left spurious escape characters in the
+ input after processing backslashes when assigning to an array variable.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a redisplay bug that occurred in multibyte-capable locales when the
+ prompt was one character longer than the screen width.
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-3.2-beta,
+and the previous version, bash-3.2-alpha.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Changed the lexical analyzer to treat locale-specific blank characters as
+ white space.
+
+b. Fixed a bug in command printing to avoid confusion between redirections and
+ process substitution.
+
+c. Fixed problems with cross-compiling originating from inherited environment
+ variables.
+
+d. Added write error reporting to printf builtin.
+
+e. Fixed a bug in the variable expansion code that could cause a core dump in
+ a multi-byte locale.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused substring expansion of a null string to return
+ incorrect results.
+
+g. BASH_COMMAND now retains its previous value while executing commands as the
+ result of a trap, as the documentation states.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a bug with prompt redisplay in a multi-byte locale to avoid redrawing
+ the prompt and input line multiple times.
+
+b. Fixed history expansion to not be confused by here-string redirection.
+
+c. Readline no longer treats read errors by converting them to newlines, as
+ it does with EOF. This caused partial lines to be returned from readline().
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-3.2-alpha,
+and the previous version, bash-3.1-release.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a source bug that caused the minimal configuration to not compile.
+
+b. Fixed memory leaks in error handling for the `read' builtin.
+
+c. Changed the [[ and (( compound commands to set PIPESTATUS with their exit
+ status.
+
+d. Fixed some parsing problems with compound array assignments.
+
+e. Added additional configuration changes for: NetBSD (incomplete multibyte
+ character support)
+
+f. Fixed two bugs with local array variable creation when shadowing a variable
+ of the same name from a previous context.
+
+g. Fixed the `read' builtin to restore the correct set of completion functions
+ if a timeout occurs.
+
+h. Added code to defer the initialization of HISTSIZE (and its stifling of the
+ history list) until the history file is loaded, allowing a startup file to
+ override the default value.
+
+i. Tightened up the arithmetic expression parsing to produce better error
+ messages when presented with invalid operators.
+
+j. Fixed the cross-compilation support to build the signal list at shell
+ invocation rather than compile time if cross-compiling.
+
+k. Fixed multibyte support for non-gcc compilers (or compilers that do not
+ allow automatic array variable sizing based on a non-constant value).
+
+l. Several fixes to the code that manages the list of terminated jobs and
+ their exit statuses, and the list of active and recently-terminated jobs
+ to avoid pid aliasing/wraparound and allocation errors.
+
+m. Fixed a problem that allowed scripts to die due to SIGINT while waiting
+ for children, even when started in the background or otherwise ignoring
+ SIGINT.
+
+n. Fixed a bug that caused shells invoked as -/bin/bash from not being
+ recognized as login shells.
+
+o. Fixed a problem that caused shells in the background to give the terminal
+ to a process group other than the foreground shell process group.
+
+p. Fixed a problem with extracting the `varname' in ${#varname}.
+
+q. Fixed the code that handles SIGQUIT to not exit immediately -- thereby
+ calling functions that may not be called in a signal handler context --
+ but set a flag and exit afterward (like SIGINT).
+
+r. Changed the brace expansion code to skip over braces that don't begin a
+ valid matched brace expansion construct.
+
+s. Fixed `typeset' and `declare' to not require that their shell function
+ operands to be valid shell identifiers.
+
+t. Changed `test' to use access(2) with a temporary uid/euid swap when testing
+ file attributes and running setuid, and access(2) in most other cases.
+
+u. Changed completion code to not attempt command name completion on a line
+ consisting solely of whitespace when no_empty_command_completion is set.
+
+v. The `hash' builtin now prints nothing in posix mode when the hash table is
+ empty, and prints a message to that effect to stdout instead of stderr
+ when not in posix mode.
+
+w. Fixed a bug in the extended pattern matching code that caused it to fail to
+ match periods with certain patterns.
+
+x. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to dump core when performing filename
+ generation in directories with thousands of files.
+
+y. Returned to the original Bourne shell rules for parsing ``: no recursive
+ parsing of embedded quoted strings or ${...} constructs.
+
+z. The inheritence of the DEBUG, RETURN, and ERR traps is now dependent only
+ on the settings of the `functrace' and `errtrace' shell options, rather
+ than whether or not the shell is in debugging mode.
+
+aa. Fixed a problem with $HOME being converted to ~ in the expansion of
+ members of the DIRSTACK array.
+
+bb. Fixed a problem with quoted arguments to arithmetic expansions in certain
+ constructs.
+
+cc. The command word completion code now no longer returns matching directories
+ while searching $PATH.
+
+dd. Fixed a bug with zero-padding and precision handling in snprintf()
+ replacement.
+
+ee. Fixed a bug that caused the command substitution code not to take embedded
+ shell comments into account.
+
+ff. Fixed a bug that caused $((...);(...)) to be misinterpreted as an
+ arithmetic substitution.
+
+gg. Fixed a bug in the prompt expansion code that inappropriately added a
+ \001 before a \002 under certain circumstances.
+
+hh. Fixed a bug that caused `unset LANG' to not properly reset the locale
+ (previous versions would set the locale back to what it was when bash
+ was started rather than the system's "native" locale).
+
+ii. Fixed a bug that could cause file descriptors > 10 to not be closed even
+ when closed explicitly by a script.
+
+jj. Fixed a bug that caused single quotes to be stripped from ANSI-C quoting
+ inside double-quoted command substitutions.
+
+kk. Fixed a bug that could cause core dumps when `return' was executed as the
+ last element of a pipeline inside a shell function.
+
+ll. Fixed a bug that caused DEBUG trap strings to overwrite commands stored in
+ the jobs list.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a problem that caused segmentation faults when using readline in
+ callback mode and typing consecutive DEL characters on an empty line.
+
+b. Fixed several redisplay problems with multibyte characters, all having to
+ do with the different code paths and variable meanings between single-byte
+ and multibyte character redisplay.
+
+c. Fixed a problem with key sequence translation when presented with the
+ sequence \M-\C-x.
+
+d. Fixed a problem that prevented the `a' command in vi mode from being
+ undone and redone properly.
+
+e. Fixed a problem that prevented empty inserts in vi mode from being undone
+ properly.
+
+f. Fixed a problem that caused readline to initialize with an incorrect idea
+ of whether or not the terminal can autowrap.
+
+g. Fixed output of key bindings (like bash `bind -p') to honor the setting of
+ convert-meta and use \e where appropriate.
+
+h. Changed the default filename completion function to call the filename
+ dequoting function if the directory completion hook isn't set. This means
+ that any directory completion hooks need to dequote the directory name,
+ since application-specific hooks need to know how the word was quoted,
+ even if no other changes are made.
+
+i. Fixed a bug with creating the prompt for a non-interactive search string
+ when there are non-printing characters in the primary prompt.
+
+j. Fixed a bug that caused prompts with invisible characters to be redrawn
+ multiple times in a multibyte locale.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that could cause the key sequence scanning code to return the
+ wrong function.
+
+l. Fixed a problem with the callback interface that caused it to fail when
+ using multi-character keyboard macros.
+
+m. Fixed a bug that could cause a core dump when an edited history entry was
+ re-executed under certain conditions.
+
+n. Fixed a bug that caused readline to reference freed memory when attmpting
+ to display a portion of the prompt.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. Changed the parameter pattern replacement functions to not anchor the
+ pattern at the beginning of the string if doing global replacement - that
+ combination doesn't make any sense.
+
+b. When running in `word expansion only' mode (--wordexp option), inhibit
+ process substitution.
+
+c. Loadable builtins now work on MacOS X 10.[34].
+
+d. Shells running in posix mode no longer set $HOME, as POSIX requires.
+
+e. The code that checks for binary files being executed as shell scripts now
+ checks only for NUL rather than any non-printing character.
+
+f. Quoting the string argument to the [[ command's =~ operator now forces
+ string matching, as with the other pattern-matching operators.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. Calling applications can now set the keyboard timeout to 0, allowing
+ poll-like behavior.
+
+b. The value of SYS_INPUTRC (configurable at compilation time) is now used as
+ the default last-ditch startup file.
+
+c. The history file reading functions now allow windows-like \r\n line
+ terminators.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-3.1-release,
+and the previous version, bash-3.1-rc2.
+
+1. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Several changes to the multibyte redisplay code to fix problems with
+ prompts containing invisible characters.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-3.1-rc2,
+and the previous version, bash-3.1-rc1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused a DEBUG trap to overwrite a command string that's
+ eventually attached to a background job.
+
+b. Changed some code so that filenames with leading tildes with spaces in the
+ name aren't tilde-expanded by the bash completion code.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused the pushd builtin to fail to change to
+ directories with leading `-'.
+
+d. Fixed a small memory leak in the programmable completion code.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a redisplay bug caused by moving the cursor vertically to a line
+ with invisible characters in the prompt in a multibyte locale.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that could cause the terminal special chars to be bound in the
+ wrong keymap in vi mode.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. If compiled for strict POSIX conformance, LINES and COLUMNS may now
+ override the true terminal size.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. A new external application-controllable variable that allows the LINES
+ and COLUMNS environment variables to set the window size regardless of
+ what the kernel returns.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-3.1-rc1,
+and the previous version, bash-3.1-beta1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that could cause core dumps due to accessing the current
+ pipeline while in the middle of modifying it.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused pathnames with backslashes still quoting characters
+ to be passed to opendir().
+
+c. Command word completion now obeys the setting of completion-ignore-case.
+
+d. Fixed a problem with redirection that caused file descriptors greater than
+ 2 to be inappropriately marked as close-on-exec.
+
+e. In Posix mode, after `wait' is called to wait for a particular process
+ explicitly, that process is removed from the list of processes known to
+ the shell, and subsequent attempts to wait for it return errors.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused extended pattern matching to incorrectly scan
+ backslash-escaped pattern characters.
+
+g. Fixed a synchronization problem that could cause core dumps when handling
+ a SIGWINCH.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused an unmatched backquote to be accepted without an
+ error when processing here documents.
+
+i. Fixed a small memory leak in the `cd' builtin.
+
+j. Fix for MacOS X so it gets the values for the HOSTTYPE, MACHTYPE, and
+ OSTYPE variables at build time, to support universal binaries.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that could cause an exit trap to return the exit status of
+ the trap command rather than the status as it was before the trap was
+ run as the shell's exit status.
+
+2. New Features in Bash
+
+3. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused reversing the incremental search direction to
+ not work correctly.
+
+b. Fixed the vi-mode `U' command to only undo up to the first time insert mode
+ was entered, as Posix specifies.
+
+c. Fixed a bug in the vi-mode `r' command that left the cursor in the wrong
+ place.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. New application-callable auxiliary function, rl_variable_value, returns
+ a string corresponding to a readline variable's value.
+
+b. When parsing inputrc files and variable binding commands, the parser
+ strips trailing whitespace from values assigned to boolean variables
+ before checking them.
+
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-3.1-beta1,
+and the previous version, bash-3.1-alpha1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Added some system-specific signal names.
+
+b. Fixed a typo in the ulimit builtin to make `x' the right option to
+ maniuplate the limit on file locks.
+
+c. Fixed a problem with using += to append to index 0 of an array variable
+ when not using subscript syntax.
+
+d. A few changes to configure.in to remove calls to obsolete or outdated
+ macros.
+
+e. Make sure changes to variables bash handles specially (e.g., LC_ALL) are
+ made when the variable is set in the temporary environment to a command.
+
+f. Make sure changes to variables bash handles specially (e.g., LC_ALL) are
+ made when the variable is modified using `printf -v'.
+
+g. The export environment is now remade on cygwin when HOME is changed, so
+ DLLs bash is linked against pick up the new value. This fixes problems
+ with tilde expansion when linking against and already-installed readline.
+
+h. Small fix to the logic for performing tilde expansion in posix mode, so
+ expansion on the right-hand side of an assignment statement takes place.
+
+i. Fixed a bug that prevented redirections associated with a shell function
+ from being executed when in a subshell.
+
+j. Fixed `source' and `.' builtins to not require an executable file when
+ searching $PATH for a file to source.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that caused incorrect word splitting in a function when IFS
+ was declared local, then unset.
+
+l. Fixed a problem with the `kill' builtin that prevented sending signals
+ to a process group under certain circumstances when providing a pid < 0.
+
+m. When in POSIX mode, `pwd' now checks that the value it prints is the same
+ directory as `.', even when displaying $PWD.
+
+n. Fixed a problem with the `read' builtin when reading a script from standard
+ input and reading data from the same file.
+
+o. Fixed a problem with the `type' and `command' builtins that caused absolute
+ pathnames to be displayed incorrectly.
+
+p. Some changes to the `bg' builtin for POSIX conformance.
+
+q. The `fc' builtin now removes the `fc' command that caused it to invoke an
+ editor on specified history entries from the history entirely, rather than
+ simply ignoring it.
+
+r. When in POSIX mode, the `v' command in vi editing mode simply invokes vi
+ on the current command, rather than checking $FCEDIT and $EDITOR.
+
+s. Fixed a small memory leak in the pathname canonicalization code.
+
+t. Fixed a bug that caused the expanded value of a $'...' string to be
+ incorrectly re-quoted if it occurred within a double-quoted ${...}
+ parameter expansion.
+
+u. Restored default emacs-mode key binding of M-TAB to dynamic-complete-history.
+
+v. Fixed a bug that caused core dumps when interrupting loops running builtins
+ on some systems.
+
+w. Make sure that some of the functions bash provides replacements for are
+ not cpp defines.
+
+x. The code that scans embedded commands for the parser (`...` and $(...)) is
+ now more aware of embedded comments and their effect on quoted strings.
+
+y. Changed the `-n' option to the `history' builtin to not reset the number of
+ history lines read in the current session after reading the new lines from
+ the history file if the history is being appended when it is written to
+ the file, since the appending takes care of the problem that the adjustment
+ was intended to solve.
+
+z. Improved the error message displayed when a shell script fails to execute
+ because the environment and size of command line arguments are too large.
+
+aa. A small fix to make sure that $HISTCMD is evaluated whenever the shell is
+ saving commands to the history list, not just when HISTSIZE is defined.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. The `change-case' command now correctly changes the case of multibyte
+ characters.
+
+b. Changes to the shared library construction scripts to deal with Windows
+ DLL naming conventions for Cygwin.
+
+c. Fixed the redisplay code to avoid core dumps resulting from a poorly-timed
+ SIGWINCH.
+
+d. Fixed the non-incremental search code in vi mode to dispose of any current
+ undo list when copying a line from the history into the current editing
+ buffer.
+
+e. The variable assignment code now ignores whitespace at the end of lines
+ when assigning to boolean variables.
+
+f. The `C-w' binding in incremental search now understands multibyte
+ characters.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. A new configuration option, `--enable-strict-posix-default', which will
+ build bash to be POSIX conforming by default.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. If the rl_completion_query_items is set to a value < 0, readline never
+ asks the user whether or not to view the possible completions.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-3.1-alpha1,
+and the previous version, bash-3.0-release.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused bash to crash if referencing an unset local array.
+
+b. Fixed a problem that caused tilde expansion to not be performed before
+ attempting globbing word completion.
+
+c. Fixed an incompatibility so that a first argument to trap that's a valid
+ signal number will be trated as a signal rather than a command to execute.
+
+d. Fixed ${#word} expansion to correctly compute the length of a string
+ containing multibyte characters.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that caused bash to not pass the correct flags for signal
+ disposition to child processes.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused `fc -l' to list one too many history entries.
+
+g. Some fixes to `fc' for POSIX conformance.
+
+h. Some fixes to job status display for POSIX conformance.
+
+i. Fixed a bug that caused `command -v' to display output if a command was not
+ found -- it should be silent.
+
+j. In POSIX mode, `type' and `command -[vV]' do not report non-executable
+ files, even if the shell will attempt to execute them.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that caused the `==' operator to the [[ command to not attempt
+ extended pattern matching.
+
+l. Fixed the brace expansion code to handle characters whose value exceeds 128.
+
+m. Fixed `printf' to handle strings with a leading `\0' whose length is
+ non-zero.
+
+n. Fixed a couple of problems with brace expansion where `${' was handled
+ incorrectly.
+
+o. Fixed off-by-one error when calculating the upper bound of `offset' when
+ processing the ${array[@]:offset:length} expansion.
+
+p. System-specific configuration changes for: FreeBSD 5.x, Interix, MacOS X
+ 10.4, Linux 2.4+ kernels, Linux 3.x kernels, Dragonfly BSD, QNX 6.x,
+ Cygwin
+
+q. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to ignore the status of the rightmost
+ command in a pipeline when the `pipefail' option was enabled.
+
+r. Fixed a completion bug that caused core dumps when expanding a directory
+ name.
+
+s. Fixed a bug that prevented `hash -d' from removing commands from the hash
+ table.
+
+t. Fixed word splitting to avoid really bad quadratic performance when
+ expanding long lists.
+
+u. Fixed a bug that caused negative offsets in substring expansion to use the
+ wrong values.
+
+v. Fixed a bug in printf that caused it to not return failure on write errors.
+
+w. Fixed a bug that caused commands in subshells to not be properly timed.
+
+x. The shell parser no longer attempts to parse a compound assignment specially
+ unless in a position where an assignment statement is acceptable or parsing
+ arguments to a builtin that accepts assignment statements.
+
+y. Fixed a problem that caused a `case' statement to be added to the history
+ incorrectly as a single command if the `case word' was on one line and the
+ `in' on another.
+
+z. Fixed a problem that caused internal shell quoting characters to be
+ incorrectly quoted with backslashes under some circumstances.
+
+aa. The shell now performs correct word splitting when IFS contains multibyte
+ characters.
+
+bb. The mail checking code now resets the cached file information if the size
+ drops to 0, even if the times don't change.
+
+cc. A completed command name that is found in $PATH as well as the name of a
+ directory in the current directory no longer has a slash appended in certain
+ circumstances: a single instance found in $PATH when `.' is not in $PATH,
+ and multiple instances found in $PATH, even when `.' is in $PATH.
+
+dd. Incorporated tilde expansion into the word expansion code rather than as a
+ separately-called function, fixing some cases where it was performed
+ inappropriately (e.g., after the second `=' in an assignment statement or
+ in a double-quoted parameter expansion).
+
+ee. Fixed several bugs encountered when parsing compound assignment statements,
+ so that compound assignments appearing as arguments to builtins are no
+ longer double-expanded.
+
+ff. Fixed a bug in the command execution code that caused asynchronous commands
+ containing command substitutions to not put the terminal in the wrong
+ process group.
+
+gg. Bash now handles the case where the WCONTINUED flag causes waitpid() to
+ return -1/EINVAL at runtime as well as configuration time.
+
+hh. Fixed parser to generate an error when the pipeline `argument' to `!' or
+ `time' is NULL.
+
+ii. The shell now takes a little more care when manipulating file descriptors
+ greater than 9 with the `exec' builtin.
+
+jj. Fixed a bug that caused variable assignments preceding the `command' builtin
+ preceding a special builtin to be preserved after the command completed in
+ POSIX mode.
+
+kk. Fixed a bug that allowed variables beginning with a digit to be created.
+
+ll. Fixed a bug that caused a \<newline> to be removed when parsing a $'...'
+ construct.
+
+mm. A shell whose name begins with `-' will now be a restricted shell if the
+ remainder of the name indicates it should be restricted.
+
+nn. Fixed a bug that could cause a core dump if FUNCNAME were changed or unset
+ during a function's execution.
+
+oo. Fixed a bug that caused executing a `return' in a function to not execute
+ a RETURN trap. The RETURN trap is inherited by shell functions only if
+ function tracing is globally enabled or has been enabled for that function.
+
+pp. Fixed cases where var[@] was not handled exactly like var, when var is a
+ scalar variable.
+
+qq. Fixed a bug that caused the first character after a SIGINT to be discarded
+ under certain circumstances.
+
+rr. Fixed exit status code so that a suspended job returns 128+signal as its
+ exit status (preventing commands after it in `&&' lists from being
+ executed).
+
+ss. Fixed a bug that caused the shell parser state to be changed by executing
+ a shell function as a result of word completion.
+
+tt. Fixed a long-standing bug that caused '\177' characters in variable
+ values to be discarded when expanded in double-quoted strings.
+
+uu. Fixed a bug that caused $RANDOM to be re-seeded multiple times in a
+ subshell environment.
+
+vv. Extensive changes to the job management code to avoid the pid-reuse and
+ pid-aliasing problems caused by retaining the exit status of too many jobs,
+ but still retain as many background job statuses as POSIX requires.
+
+ww. Fixed a parser bug in processing \<newline> that caused things like
+
+ ((echo 5) \
+ (echo 6))
+
+ to not work correctly.
+
+xx. `pwd -P' now sets $PWD to a directory name containing no symbolic links
+ when in posix mode, as POSIX requires.
+
+yy. In posix mode, bash no longer sets $PWD to a name containing no symbolic
+ links if a directory is chosen from $CDPATH.
+
+zz. The word splitting code now treats an IFS character that is not space,
+ tab, or newline and any adjacent IFS white space as a single delimiter, as
+ SUSv3/XPG6 require.
+
+aaa. The `read' builtin now checks whether or not the number of fields read is
+ exactly the same as the number of variables instead of just assigning the
+ rest of the line (minus any trailing IFS white space) to the last
+ variable. This is what POSIX/SUS/XPG all require.
+
+bbb. Fixed a bug that caused `read' to always check whether or not fd 0 was a
+ pipe, even when reading from another file descriptor.
+
+ccc. Fixed a bug that caused short-circuiting of execution even if the return
+ value was being inverted.
+
+ddd. Fixed a bug that caused a core dump while decoding \W escapes in PS1 if
+ PWD was unset.
+
+eee. Fixed a bug in `read' that counted internal quoting characters for the
+ purposes of `read -n'.
+
+fff. Fixed a bug so that a function definition in a pipeline causes a child
+ process to be forked at the right time.
+
+ggg. Bash will not attempt to link against a readline library that doesn't
+ have rl_gnu_readline_p == 1.
+
+hhh. Fixed a bug that caused `read' to consume one too many characters when
+ reading a fixed number of characters and the Nth character is a backslash.
+
+iii. Fixed a bug that caused `unset' on variables in the temporary environment
+ to leave them set when `unset' completed.
+
+jjj. Fixed a bug that caused bash to close fd 2 if an `exec' failed and the
+ shell didn't exit.
+
+kkk. The completion code is more careful to not turn `/' or `///' into `//',
+ for those systems on which `//' has special meaning.
+
+lll. Fixed a bug that caused command substitution in asynchronous commands to
+ close the wrong file descriptors.
+
+mmm. The shell no longer prints status messages about terminated background
+ processes unless job control is active.
+
+nnn. Fixed a bug that prevented multiple consecutive invocations of `history -s'
+ from adding all the commands to the history list.
+
+ooo. Added a couple of changes to make arithmetic expansion more consistent in
+ all its contexts (still not perfect).
+
+ppp. Fixed a bug that caused the parser to occasionally not find the right
+ terminating "`" in an old-style command substitution.
+
+qqq. Fixed a bug that caused core dumps when the shell was reading its non-
+ interactive input from fd 0 and fd 0 was duplicated and restored using a
+ combination of `exec' (to save) and redirection (to restore).
+
+rrr. Fixed a problem that caused loops in sourced scripts to not be cleaned
+ up properly when a `return' is executed.
+
+sss. Change internal command substitution completion function to append a slash
+ to directory names in the command.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused multiliine prompts to be wrapped and displayed
+ incorrectly.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused ^P/^N in emacs mode to fail to display the current
+ line correctly.
+
+c. Fixed a problem in computing the number of invisible characters on the first
+ line of a prompt whose length exceeds the screen width.
+
+d. Fixed vi-mode searching so that failure preserves the current line rather
+ than the last line in the history list.
+
+e. Fixed the vi-mode `~' command (change-case) to have the correct behavior at
+ end-of-line when manipulating multibyte characters.
+
+f. Fixed the vi-mode `r' command (change-char) to have the correct behavior at
+ end-of-line when manipulating multibyte characters.
+
+g. Fixed multiple bugs in the redisplay of multibyte characters: displaying
+ prompts longer than the screen width containing multibyte characters,
+
+h. Fix the calculation of the number of physical characters in the prompt
+ string when it contains multibyte characters.
+
+i. A non-zero value for the `rl_complete_suppress_append' variable now causes
+ no `/' to be appended to a directory name.
+
+j. Fixed forward-word and backward-word to work when words contained
+ multibyte characters.
+
+k. Fixed a bug in finding the delimiter of a `?' substring when performing
+ history expansion in a locale that supports multibyte characters.
+
+l. Fixed a memory leak caused by not freeing the timestamp in a history entry.
+
+m. Fixed a bug that caused "\M-x" style key bindings to not obey the setting
+ of the `convert-meta' variable.
+
+n. Fixed saving and restoring primary prompt when prompting for incremental
+ and non-incremental searches; search prompts now display multibyte
+ characters correctly.
+
+o. Fixed a bug that caused keys originally bound to self-insert but shadowed
+ by a multi-character key sequence to not be inserted.
+
+p. Fixed code so rl_prep_term_function and rl_deprep_term_function aren't
+ dereferenced if NULL (matching the documentation).
+
+q. Extensive changes to readline to add enough state so that commands
+ requiring additional characters (searches, multi-key sequences, numeric
+ arguments, commands requiring an additional specifier character like
+ vi-mode change-char, etc.) work without synchronously waiting for
+ additional input.
+
+r. Lots of changes so readline builds and runs on MinGW.
+
+s. Readline no longer tries to modify the terminal settings when running in
+ callback mode.
+
+t. The Readline display code no longer sets the location of the last invisible
+ character in the prompt if the \[\] sequence is empty.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. Bash now understands LC_TIME as a special variable so that time display
+ tracks the current locale.
+
+b. BASH_ARGC, BASH_ARGV, BASH_SOURCE, and BASH_LINENO are no longer created
+ as `invisible' variables and may not be unset.
+
+c. In POSIX mode, if `xpg_echo' option is enabled, the `echo' builtin doesn't
+ try to interpret any options at all, as POSIX requires.
+
+d. The `bg' builtin now accepts multiple arguments, as POSIX seems to specify.
+
+e. Fixed vi-mode word completion and glob expansion to perform tilde
+ expansion.
+
+f. The `**' mathematic exponentiation operator is now right-associative.
+
+g. The `ulimit' builtin has new options: -i (max number of pending signals),
+ -q (max size of POSIX message queues), and -x (max number of file locks).
+
+h. A bare `%' once again expands to the current job when used as a job
+ specifier.
+
+i. The `+=' assignment operator (append to the value of a string or array) is
+ now supported for assignment statements and arguments to builtin commands
+ that accept assignment statements.
+
+j. BASH_COMMAND now preserves its value when a DEBUG trap is executed.
+
+k. The `gnu_errfmt' option is enabled automatically if the shell is running
+ in an emacs terminal window.
+
+l. New configuration option: --single-help-strings. Causes long help text
+ to be written as a single string; intended to ease translation.
+
+m. The COMP_WORDBREAKS variable now causes the list of word break characters
+ to be emptied when the variable is unset.
+
+n. An unquoted expansion of $* when $IFS is empty now causes the positional
+ parameters to be concatenated if the expansion doesn't undergo word
+ splitting.
+
+o. Bash now inherits $_ from the environment if it appears there at startup.
+
+p. New shell option: nocasematch. If non-zero, shell pattern matching ignores
+ case when used by `case' and `[[' commands.
+
+q. The `printf' builtin takes a new option: -v var. That causes the output
+ to be placed into var instead of on stdout.
+
+r. By default, the shell no longer reports processes dying from SIGPIPE.
+
+s. Bash now sets the extern variable `environ' to the export environment it
+ creates, so C library functions that call getenv() (and can't use the
+ shell-provided replacement) get current values of environment variables.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. The key sequence sent by the keypad `delete' key is now automatically
+ bound to delete-char.
+
+b. A negative argument to menu-complete now cycles backward through the
+ completion list.
+
+c. A new bindable readline variable: bind-tty-special-chars. If non-zero,
+ readline will bind the terminal special characters to their readline
+ equivalents when it's called (on by default).
+
+d. New bindable command: vi-rubout. Saves deleted text for possible
+ reinsertion, as with any vi-mode `text modification' command; `X' is bound
+ to this in vi command mode.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-3.0-release,
+and the previous version, bash-3.0-rc1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a boundary overrun that could cause segmentation faults when the
+ completion code hands an incomplete construct to the word expansion
+ functions.
+
+b. Changed posix mode behavior so that an error in a variable assignment
+ preceding a special builtin causes a non-interactive shell to exit.
+
+c. Change the directory expansion portion of the completion code to not
+ expand embedded command substitutions if the directory name appears in
+ the file system.
+
+d. Fixed a problem that caused `bash -r' to turn on restrictions before
+ reading the startup files.
+
+e. Fixed a problem with the default operation of the `umask' builtin.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a problem with readline saving the contents of the current line
+ before beginning a non-interactive search.
+
+b. Fixed a problem with EOF detection when using rl_event_hook.
+
+c. Fixed a problem with the vi mode `p' and `P' commands ignoring numeric
+ arguments.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-3.0-rc1,
+and the previous version, bash-3.0-beta1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that caused incorrect behavior when referecing element 0 of
+ an array using $array, element 0 was unset, and `set -u' was enabled.
+
+b. System-specific changes for: SCO Unix 3.2, Tandem.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused inappropriate word splitting when a variable was
+ expanded within a double-quoted string that also included $@.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that caused `pwd' to not display anything in physical mode
+ when the file system had changed underneath the shell.
+
+e. Fixed a bug in the pre- and post- increment and decrement parsing in the
+ expression evaluator that caused errors when the operands and corresponding
+ operators were separated by whitespace.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused `history -p' to add an entry to the history list,
+ counter to the documentation. (Keeps the history expansions invoked by
+ emacs-mode command line editing from doing that as well.)
+
+g. Fixed a bug that could cause a core dump if `cd' is asked to print out a
+ pathname longer than PATH_MAX characters.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that caused jobs to be put into the wrong process group under
+ some circumstances after enabling job control with `set -m'.
+
+i. `unalias' now returns failure if no alias name arguments are supplied.
+
+j. Documented the characters not allowed to appear in an alias name.
+
+k. $* is no longer expanded as if in double quotes when it appears in the
+ body of a here document, as the SUS seems to require.
+
+l. The `bashbug' script now uses a directory in $TMPDIR for exclusive
+ access rather than trying to guess how the underlying OS provides for
+ secure temporary file creation.
+
+m. Fixed a few problems with `cd' and `pwd' when asked to operate on pathnames
+ longer than PATH_MAX characters.
+
+n. Fixed a memory leak caused when creating multiple local array variables
+ with identical names.
+
+o. Fixed a problem with calls to getcwd() so that bash now operates better
+ when the full pathname to the current directory is longer than PATH_MAX
+ bytes.
+
+p. The `trap' builtin now reports an error if a single non-signal argument
+ is specified.
+
+q. Fixed a bug that caused `umask' to not work correctly when presented
+ with a mask of all 0s.
+
+r. When `getopts' reaches the end of options, OPTARG is unset, as POSIX
+ appears to specify.
+
+s. Interactive mode now depends on whether or not stdin and stderr are
+ connected to a tty; formerly it was stdin and stdout. POSIX requires
+ this.
+
+t. Fixed vi-mode completion to work more as POSIX specifies (e.g., doing the
+ right kind of filename generation).
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a problem that could cause readline to refer to freed memory when
+ moving between history lines while doing searches.
+
+b. Improvements to the code that expands and displays prompt strings
+ containing multibyte characters.
+
+c. Fixed a problem with vi-mode not correctly remembering the numeric argument
+ to the last `c'hange command for later use with `.'.
+
+d. Fixed a bug in vi-mode that caused multi-digit count arguments to work
+ incorrectly.
+
+e. Fixed a problem in vi-mode that caused the last text modification command
+ to not be remembered across different command lines.
+
+f. Fixed problems with changing characters and changing case at the end of
+ the line.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. The `jobs', `kill', and `wait' builtins now accept job control notation
+ even if job control is not enabled.
+
+b. The historical behavior of `trap' that allows a missing `action' argument
+ to cause each specified signal's handling to be reset to its default is
+ now only supported when `trap' is given a single non-option argument.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. When listing completions, directories have a `/' appended if the
+ `mark-directories' option has been enabled.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-3.0-beta1,
+and the previous version, bash-3.0-alpha.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixes to build correctly when arrays are not compiled into the shell.
+
+b. Fixed command substitution to run any exit trap defined in the command
+ substitution before returning; the exit trap is not inherited from the
+ calling shell.
+
+c. Fixes to process group synchronization code so that every child process
+ attempts to set the terminal's process group; fixes some synchronization
+ problems on Linux kernels that schedule the child to always run before
+ the parent.
+
+d. Fixed processing of octal and hex constants in printf builtin for POSIX.2
+ compliance.
+
+e. Fixed a couple of core dumps in the pattern removal code.
+
+f. Fixes to the array subrange extraction code to deal better with sparse
+ arrays.
+
+g. Parser errors and other errors that result in the shell exiting now cause
+ the exit trap to be run.
+
+h. Change the command substitution completion functions to not append any
+ closing quote, because it would be inserted a closing "`" or ")".
+
+i. Fix history initialization so assignments to $histchars made in startup
+ files are honored.
+
+j. If an exit trap does not contain a call to `exit', the shell now uses
+ the exit status of the last command executed before the trap as the exit
+ status of the shell.
+
+k. The parser now prompts with $PS2 if it reads a newline while parsing a
+ compound array assignment statement.
+
+l. When performing a compound array assignment, the parser doesn't treat
+ words of the form [index]=value as assignments if they're the result of
+ expansions.
+
+m. Fixed a bug that caused `return' executed in a trap command to make the
+ shell think it was still running the trap.
+
+n. Fixed the value of errno set by the pathname canonicalization functions.
+
+o. Changed the grammar so that `time' alone on a line times a null command
+ rather than being a syntax error.
+
+p. The pattern substitution code no longer performs quote removal on the
+ pattern before trying to match it, as the pattern removal functions do.
+
+q. Fixed a bug that could cause core dumps when checking whether a quoted
+ command name was being completed.
+
+r. Fixes to the pattern removal and pattern replacement expansions to deal
+ with multibyte characters better (and faster).
+
+s. Fix to the substring expansion (${param:off[:len]}) to deal with (possibly
+ multibyte) characters instead of raw bytes.
+
+t. Fixed a bug that caused some key bindings set in an inputrc to be ignored
+ at shell startup.
+
+u. Fixed a bug that caused unsetting a local variable within a function to
+ not work correctly.
+
+v. Fixed a bug that caused invalid variables to be created when using
+ `read -a'.
+
+w. Fixed a bug that caused "$@" to expand incorrectly when used as the right
+ hand side of a parameter expansion such as ${word:="$@"} if the first
+ character of $IFS was not a space.
+
+x. Fixed a slight cosmetic problem when printing commands containing a
+ `>&word' redirection.
+
+y. Fixed a problem that could cause here documents to not be created correctly
+ if the system temporary directory did not allow writing.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Change to history expansion functions to treat `^' as equivalent to word
+ one, as the documention states.
+
+b. Some changes to the display code to improve display and redisplay of
+ multibyte characters.
+
+c. Changes to speed up the multibyte character redisplay code.
+
+d. Fixed a bug in the vi-mode `E' command that caused it to skip over the
+ last character of a word if invoked while point was on the word's
+ next-to-last character.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that could cause incorrect filename quoting when
+ case-insensitive completion was enabled and the word being completed
+ contained backslashes quoting word break characters.
+
+f. Fixed a bug in redisplay triggered when the prompt string contains
+ invisible characters.
+
+g. Fixed some display (and other) bugs encountered in multibyte locales
+ when a non-ascii character was the last character on a line.
+
+h. Fixed some display bugs caused by multibyte characters in prompt strings.
+
+i. Fixed a problem with history expansion caused by non-whitespace characters
+ used as history word delimiters.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. printf builtin understands two new escape sequences: \" and \?.
+
+b. `echo -e' understands two new escape sequences: \" and \?.
+
+c. The GNU `gettext' package and libintl have been integrated; the shell's
+ messages can be translated into different languages.
+
+d. The `\W' prompt expansion now abbreviates $HOME as `~', like `\w'.
+
+e. The error message printed when bash cannot open a shell script supplied
+ as argument 1 now includes the name of the shell, to better identify
+ the error as coming from bash.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. New application variable, rl_completion_quote_character, set to any
+ quote character readline finds before it calls the application completion
+ function.
+
+b. New application variable, rl_completion_suppress_quote, settable by an
+ application completion function. If set to non-zero, readline does not
+ attempt to append a closing quote to a completed word.
+
+c. New application variable, rl_completion_found_quote, set to a non-zero
+ value if readline determines that the word to be completed is quoted.
+ Set before readline calls any application completion function.
+
+d. New function hook, rl_completion_word_break_hook, called when readline
+ needs to break a line into words when completion is attempted. Allows
+ the word break characters to vary based on position in the line.
+
+e. New bindable command: unix-filename-rubout. Does the same thing as
+ unix-word-rubout, but adds `/' to the set of word delimiters.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-3.0-alpha,
+and the previous version, bash-2.05b-release.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixes so that the shell will compile without some of the default options
+ defined.
+
+b. Fixed an error message that did not pass enough arguments to printf.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused input redirection to a builtin inside a script
+ being read from standard input to result in the rest of the already-
+ read and buffered script to be discarded.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that caused subshell initialization to close the file
+ descriptor from which the shell was reading a script under certain
+ circumstances.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that caused the shell to not advance a string pointer over
+ a null wide character when doing string operations.
+
+f. Fixed the internal logout code so that shells that time out waiting for
+ input (using $TMOUT) run ~/.bash_logout.
+
+g. Portability and configuration changes for: cygwin, HP/UX, GNU/FreeBSD.
+
+h. The parser no longer adds implicit double quotes to ((...)) arithmetic
+ commands.
+
+i. The ((...)) arithmetic command evaluation code was fixed to not dump core
+ when the expanded string is null.
+
+j. The ((...)) arithmetic command evaluation code was fixed to not perform
+ variable assignments while expanding the expression.
+
+k. Fixed a bug that caused word splitting to be performed incorrectly when
+ IFS is set, but null.
+
+l. Fixed a bug in brace expansion that caused a quoted `$' preceding an
+ open brace to inhibit brace expansion.
+
+m. Fixed a bug that caused a leading `-' in the shell's name to cause it to
+ not be recognized as a restricted shell.
+
+n. Fixed a bug in the arithmetic evaluation code that could cause longjmps
+ to an invalid location and result in a core dump.
+
+o. Fixed a bug in the calculation of how many history lines are new in a
+ single shell session when reading new history lines from a file with
+ `history -n'.
+
+p. Fixed a bug in pathname canonicalization that caused the shell to dump
+ core when presented with a pathname longer than PATH_MAX.
+
+q. Fixed the parser so that it doesn't try to compare a char variable to
+ EOF, which fails when chars are unsigned.
+
+r. Fixed a bug in the simple command execution code that caused occasional
+ core dumps.
+
+s. The shell does a better job of saving any partial parsing state during
+ operations which cause a command to be executed while a line is being
+ entered and parsed.
+
+t. The completion code now splits words more like the expansion code when
+ $IFS is used to split.
+
+u. The locale code does a better job of recomputing the various locale
+ variable values when LC_ALL is unset.
+
+v. The programmable completion code does a better job of dequoting expanded
+ word lists before comparing them against the word to be matched.
+
+w. The shell no longer seg faults if the expanded value of $PS4 is null
+ and `set -x' is enabled.
+
+x. Fixed a bug that caused core dumps when a here string expanded to NULL.
+
+y. The mail checking code now makes sure the mailbox is bigger before
+ reporting the existence of new mail.
+
+z. The parser does not try to expand $'...' and $"..." when the appear
+ within double quotes unless the `extquote' option has been enabled with
+ `shopt'. For backwards compatibility, it is enabled by default.
+
+aa. Fixed a bug that caused `for x; do ...' and `select x; do ... to use
+ $@ instead of "$@" for the implicit list of arguments.
+
+bb. Fixed a bug that caused a subshell of a restricted shell (e.g., one
+ spawned to execute a pipeline) to not exit immediately if attempting
+ to use a command containing a slash.
+
+cc. Fixed a problem with empty replacements for a pattern that doesn't match
+ when performing ${param/word/} expansion.
+
+dd. Word expansions performed while expanding redirections no longer search
+ a command's temporary environment to expand variable values.
+
+ee. Improvements to the alias expansion code when expanding subsequent words
+ because an aliase's value ends with a space.
+
+ff. `cd -' now prints the current working directory after a successful chdir
+ even when the shell is not interactive, as the standard requires.
+
+gg. The shell does a better job of ensuring a child process dies of SIGINT
+ before resending SIGINT to itself.
+
+hh. The arithmetic expansion variable assignment code now does the right
+ thing when assigning to `special' variables like OPTIND.
+
+ii. When history expansion verification is enabled, the bash readline helper
+ functions that do history expansion on the current line don't print
+ the results.
+
+jj. Fixed bugs with multiple consecutive alias expansion when one of the
+ expansions ends with a space.
+
+kk. Fixed a problem in the programmable completion code that could cause core
+ dumps when trying to initialize a set of possible completions from a
+ list of variables.
+
+ll. The \[ and \] escape characters are now ignored when decoding the prompt
+ string if the shell is started with editing disabled.
+
+mm. Fixed a bug that could leave extra characters in a string when doing
+ quoted null character removal.
+
+nn. Command substitution and other subshell operations no longer reset the
+ line number (aids the bash debugger).
+
+oo. Better line number management when executing simple commands, conditional
+ commands, for commands, and select commands.
+
+pp. The globbing code now uses malloc, with its better failure properties,
+ rather than alloca().
+
+qq. Fixed a bug that caused expansions like #{a[2]:=value} to create the
+ appropriate array element instead of a variable named `a[2]'.
+
+rr. Fixed a bug in the handling of a `?(...)' pattern immediately following
+ a `*' when extglob is enabled.
+
+ss. Fixed a bug that caused a `return' invoked in an exit trap when exit is
+ invoked in a function to misbehave.
+
+tt. Fixed a bug that caused CTLESC and CTLNUL characters to not be escaped
+ by the internal shell string quoting functions.
+
+uu. Fixed a bug that caused quoted null characters in an expanded word list
+ to be inappropriately assigned to an array variable when using `read -a'.
+
+vv. Fixed a bug that caused redirections accompanying a null command to persist
+ in the current shell.
+
+ww. Fixed a bug that caused the prompt to be printed when the shell was
+ expanding a multiline alias.
+
+xx. Fixed a bug that resulted in core dumps when the completion for a command
+ changed the compspec.
+
+yy. Fixed a bug that caused evaluation of programmable completions to print
+ notifications of completed jobs.
+
+zz. Bash now disables line editing when $EMACS == `t' and $TERM == `dumb'
+ (which is what emacs shell windows do).
+
+aaa. In posix mode, `kill -l' causes signal names to be displayed without
+ a leading `SIG'.
+
+bbb. Clear error flag on standard output so it doesn't persist across multiple
+ builtin commands.
+
+ccc. In posix mode, `alias' displays alias values without the leading `alias',
+ so the output cannot be used as subsequent input.
+
+ddd. In posix mode, the `trap' builtin doesn't check whether or not its
+ first argument is a signal specification and revert the signal handling
+ to its original disposition if it is.
+
+eee. Fixed several bugs in the handling of "$*" and "${array[*]}" by the
+ pattern substitution and removal expansions.
+
+fff. Fixed several problems with the handling of ${array[@]}, ${array[*]},
+ $@, and $* by the indirect variable expansion code.
+
+ggg. Fixed a bug that did not allow `time' to be aliased.
+
+hhh. Improved the mail checking code so it won't check (and possibly cause an
+ NFS file system mount) until MAILPATH or MAIL is given a value -- there
+ is no default if DEFAULT_MAIL_DIRECTORY is not defined at compile time.
+ (It is computed by configure, but can be #undef'd in config-bot.h.)
+
+iii. If the `chkwinsize' option is enabled, the shell checks for window size
+ changes if a child process exits due to a signal.
+
+jjj. Removed the attempts to avoid adding a slash at the end of a completed
+ executable name if there was a directory with the same name in the
+ current directory.
+
+kkk. Fixed PATH lookup code so it treats the permission bits separately for
+ owner, group, and other, rather than checking them all.
+
+lll. Fixed the locale code to reset the parser's idea of the character class
+ <blank>, which controls how it splits tokens, when the locale changes.
+
+mmm. The shell now binds its special readline functions and key bindings only
+ if the user's inputrc file has not already bound them.
+
+nnn. The shell now reports on processes that dump core due to signals when
+ invoked as `-c command'.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixes to avoid core dumps because of null pointer references in the
+ multibyte character code.
+
+b. Fix to avoid infinite recursion caused by certain key combinations.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused the vi-mode `last command' to be set incorrectly.
+
+d. Readline no longer tries to read ahead more than one line of input, even
+ when more is available.
+
+e. Fixed the code that adjusts the point to not mishandle null wide
+ characters.
+
+f. Fixed a bug in the history expansion `g' modifier that caused it to skip
+ every other match.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that caused the prompt to overwrite previous output when the
+ output doesn't contain a newline and the locale supports multibyte
+ characters. This same change fixes the problem of readline redisplay
+ slowing down dramatically as the line gets longer in multibyte locales.
+
+h. History traversal with arrow keys in vi insertion mode causes the cursor
+ to be placed at the end of the new line, like in emacs mode.
+
+i. The locale initialization code does a better job of using the right
+ precedence and defaulting when checking the appropriate environment
+ variables.
+
+j. Fixed the history word tokenizer to handle <( and >( better when used as
+ part of bash.
+
+k. The overwrite mode code received several bug fixes to improve undo.
+
+l. Many speedups to the multibyte character redisplay code.
+
+m. The callback character reading interface should not hang waiting to read
+ keyboard input.
+
+n. Fixed a bug with redoing vi-mode `s' command.
+
+o. The code that initializes the terminal tracks changes made to the terminal
+ special characters with stty(1) (or equivalent), so that these changes
+ are reflected in the readline bindings. New application-callable function
+ to make it work: rl_tty_unset_default_bindings().
+
+p. Fixed a bug that could cause garbage to be inserted in the buffer when
+ changing character case in vi mode when using a multibyte locale.
+
+q. Fixed a bug in the redisplay code that caused problems on systems
+ supporting multibyte characters when moving between history lines when the
+ new line has more glyphs but fewer bytes.
+
+r. Undo and redo now work better after exiting vi insertion mode.
+
+s. Make sure system calls are restarted after a SIGWINCH is received using
+ SA_RESTART.
+
+t. Improvements to the code that displays possible completions when using
+ multibyte characters.
+
+u. Fixed a problem when parsing nested if statements in inputrc files.
+
+v. The completer now takes multibyte characters into account when looking for
+ quoted substrings on which to perform completion.
+
+w. The history search functions now perform better bounds checking on the
+ history list.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. ANSI string expansion now implements the \x{hexdigits} escape.
+
+b. There is a new loadable `strftime' builtin.
+
+c. New variable, COMP_WORDBREAKS, which controls the readline completer's
+ idea of word break characters.
+
+d. The `type' builtin no longer reports on aliases unless alias expansion
+ will actually be performed.
+
+e. HISTCONTROL is now a colon-separated list of values, which permits
+ more extensibility and backwards compatibility.
+
+f. HISTCONTROL may now include the `erasedups' option, which causes all lines
+ matching a line being added to be removed from the history list.
+
+g. `configure' has a new `--enable-multibyte' argument that permits multibyte
+ character support to be disabled even on systems that support it.
+
+h. New variables to support the bash debugger: BASH_ARGC, BASH_ARGV,
+ BASH_SOURCE, BASH_LINENO, BASH_SUBSHELL, BASH_EXECUTION_STRING,
+ BASH_COMMAND
+
+i. FUNCNAME has been changed to support the debugger: it's now an array
+ variable.
+
+j. for, case, select, arithmetic commands now keep line number information
+ for the debugger.
+
+k. There is a new `RETURN' trap executed when a function or sourced script
+ returns (not inherited child processes; inherited by command substitution
+ if function tracing is enabled and the debugger is active).
+
+l. New invocation option: --debugger. Enables debugging and turns on new
+ `extdebug' shell option.
+
+m. New `functrace' and `errtrace' options to `set -o' cause DEBUG and ERR
+ traps, respectively, to be inherited by shell functions. Equivalent to
+ `set -T' and `set -E' respectively. The `functrace' option also controls
+ whether or not the DEBUG trap is inherited by sourced scripts.
+
+n. The DEBUG trap is run before binding the variable and running the action
+ list in a `for' command, binding the selection variable and running the
+ query in a `select' command, and before attempting a match in a `case'
+ command.
+
+o. New `--enable-debugger' option to `configure' to compile in the debugger
+ support code.
+
+p. `declare -F' now prints out extra line number and source file information
+ if the `extdebug' option is set.
+
+q. If `extdebug' is enabled, a non-zero return value from a DEBUG trap causes
+ the next command to be skipped, and a return value of 2 while in a
+ function or sourced script forces a `return'.
+
+r. New `caller' builtin to provide a call stack for the bash debugger.
+
+s. The DEBUG trap is run just before the first command in a function body is
+ executed, for the debugger.
+
+t. `for', `select', and `case' command heads are printed when `set -x' is
+ enabled.
+
+u. There is a new {x..y} brace expansion, which is shorthand for {x.x+1,
+ x+2,...,y}. x and y can be integers or single characters; the sequence
+ may ascend or descend; the increment is always 1.
+
+v. New ksh93-like ${!array[@]} expansion, expands to all the keys (indices)
+ of array.
+
+w. New `force_fignore' shopt option; if enabled, suffixes specified by
+ FIGNORE cause words to be ignored when performing word completion even
+ if they're the only possibilities.
+
+x. New `gnu_errfmt' shopt option; if enabled, error messages follow the `gnu
+ style' (filename:lineno:message) format.
+
+y. New `-o bashdefault' option to complete and compgen; if set, causes the
+ whole set of bash completions to be performed if the compspec doesn't
+ result in a match.
+
+z. New `-o plusdirs' option to complete and compgen; if set, causes directory
+ name completion to be performed and the results added to the rest of the
+ possible completions.
+
+aa. `kill' is available as a builtin even when the shell is built without
+ job control.
+
+bb. New HISTTIMEFORMAT variable; value is a format string to pass to
+ strftime(3). If set and not null, the `history' builtin prints out
+ timestamp information according to the specified format when displaying
+ history entries. If set, bash tells the history library to write out
+ timestamp information when the history file is written.
+
+cc. The [[ ... ]] command has a new binary `=~' operator that performs
+ extended regular expression (egrep-like) matching.
+
+dd. `configure' has a new `--enable-cond-regexp' option (enabled by default)
+ to enable the =~ operator and regexp matching in [[ ... ]].
+
+ee. Subexpressions matched by the =~ operator are placed in the new
+ BASH_REMATCH array variable.
+
+ff. New `failglob' option that causes an expansion error when pathname
+ expansion fails to produce a match.
+
+gg. New `set -o pipefail' option that causes a pipeline to return a failure
+ status if any of the processes in the pipeline fail, not just the last
+ one.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. History expansion has a new `a' modifier equivalent to the `g' modifier
+ for compatibility with the BSD csh.
+
+b. History expansion has a new `G' modifier equivalent to the BSD csh `g'
+ modifier, which performs a substitution once per word.
+
+c. All non-incremental search operations may now undo the operation of
+ replacing the current line with the history line.
+
+d. The text inserted by an `a' command in vi mode can be reinserted with
+ `.'.
+
+e. New bindable variable, `show-all-if-unmodified'. If set, the readline
+ completer will list possible completions immediately if there is more
+ than one completion and partial completion cannot be performed.
+
+f. There is a new application-callable `free_history_entry()' function.
+
+g. History list entries now contain timestamp information; the history file
+ functions know how to read and write timestamp information associated
+ with each entry.
+
+h. Four new key binding functions have been added:
+
+ rl_bind_key_if_unbound()
+ rl_bind_key_if_unbound_in_map()
+ rl_bind_keyseq_if_unbound()
+ rl_bind_keyseq_if_unbound_in_map()
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.05b-release,
+and the previous version, bash-2.05b-beta2.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed an off-by-one error in the function that translates job
+ specifications.
+
+b. Note that we're running under Emacs and disable line editing if
+ $EMACS == `t'.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.05b-beta2,
+and the previous version, bash-2.05b-beta1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed the /= and %= arithmetic operators to catch division by zero.
+
+b. Added putenv, setenv, unsetenv to getenv replacement for completeness.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that could cause the -O expand_aliases invocation option
+ to not take effect.
+
+d. Fixed a problem with process substitution that resulted in incorrect
+ behavior when the number of process substitutions in an individual
+ command approached 64.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a problem with backward-char-search when on a system with support
+ for multibyte characters when running in a locale without any multibyte
+ characters.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.05b-beta1,
+and the previous version, bash-2.05b-alpha1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a problem when parsing a POSIX.2 character class name while
+ evaluating a bracket expression containing multibyte characters.
+
+b. Changed the help text for `bind' to make it clear that any command
+ that may be placed in ~/.inputrc is a valid argument to `bind'.
+
+c. Added `help' builtin entries for `((', `[[', and arithmetic for.
+
+d. malloc updated again:
+ o slightly better overflow and underflow detection by putting the
+ chunk size at the beginning and end of the chunk and making
+ sure they match in free/realloc
+ o partial page allocated to make things page-aligned no longer
+ completely wasted
+ o block coalescing now enabled by default
+ o splitting and coalescing enabled for 32-byte chunks, the most
+ common size requested
+ o fixed a problem that resulted in spurious underflow messages and
+ aborts
+ o bin sizes are precomputed and stored in an array rather than
+ being computed at run time
+ o malloc will return memory blocks back to the system if the block
+ being freed is at the top of the heap and of sufficient size to
+ make it worthwhile
+ o malloc/free/realloc now inline memset instead of calling the
+ libc function; uses Duff's device for good performance
+
+e. Check for getservent(); make the service name completion code dependent
+ on its presence.
+
+f. Changed the readline callback that executes a command bound to a key
+ sequence to not save the executed command on the history list and to
+ save and restore the parsing state.
+
+g. Changes to lib/sh/snprintf.c: fixed some bugs in the `g' and `G'
+ floating point format display; implemented the "'" flag character
+ that turns on thousands' grouping; fixed behavior on systems where
+ MB_CUR_MAX does not evaluate to a constant.
+
+h. The `unset' builtin no longer returns a failure status when asked to
+ unset a previously-unset variable or function.
+
+i. Changes to the build system to make it easier to cross-compile bash
+ for different systems.
+
+j. Added `,' to the characters that are backslash-escaped during filename
+ completion, to avoid problems with complete-into-braces and RCS filenames
+ containing commas.
+
+k. Some changes to the multibyte character support code to avoid many calls
+ to strlen().
+
+l. Bash now correctly honors setting LANG to some value when LC_ALL does not
+ already have a value.
+
+m. Fixed a bug that could cause SIGSEGV when processing nested traps with
+ trap handlers.
+
+n. The `source/.' builtin now restores the positional parameters when it
+ returns unless they were changed using the `set' builtin during the file's
+ execution.
+
+o. Fixed a bug that caused a syntax error when a command was terminated by
+ EOF.
+
+2. New Features in Bash
+
+a. There is now support for placing the long help text into separate files
+ installed into ${datadir}/bash. Not enabled by default; can be turned
+ on with `--enable-separate-helpfiles' option to configure.
+
+b. All builtins that take operands accept a `--' pseudo-option, except
+ `echo'.
+
+c. The `echo' builtin now accepts \0xxx (zero to three octal digits following
+ the `0') in addition to \xxx (one to three octal digits) for SUSv3/XPG6/
+ POSIX.1-2001 compliance.
+
+3. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a small problem in _rl_insert_char with multibyte characters.
+
+b. Fixes from IBM for line wrapping problems when using multibyte characters.
+
+c. Fixed a problem which caused the display to be messed up when the last
+ line of a multi-line prompt (possibly containing invisible characters)
+ was longer than the screen width.
+
+d. Fixed a problem with the vi-mode `r' command that ocurred on systems with
+ support for multibyte characters when running in a locale without any
+ multibyte characters.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.05b-alpha1,
+and the previous version, bash-2.05a-release.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Some changes to work around inlining differences between compilers.
+
+b. Added more prototypes for internal shell typedefs, to catch argument
+ passing errors when using pointers to functions.
+
+c. The `cd' builtin now fails in posix mode when a valid directory cannot be
+ constructed from a relative pathname argument and the $PWD using pathname
+ canonicalization, and the -P option has not been supplied. Previously,
+ the shell would attempt to use what the user typed, leading to weird
+ values for $PWD and discrepancies between the value of $PWD and the
+ actual working directory.
+
+d. The `cd' builtin now resets $PWD when canonicalization fails but a chdir
+ to the pathname passed as an argument succeeds (when not in posix mode).
+
+e. The `fc' builtin has been fixed, as POSIX requires, to use the closest
+ history position in range when given an out-of-range argument.
+
+f. The history file loading code was changed to allow lines to be saved in
+ the history list from the shell startup files.
+
+g. `history -s args' now works better in compound commands.
+
+h. The tilde expansion code was fixed to better recognize when it's being
+ invoked in an assignment context, which enables expansion after `='
+ and `:'.
+
+i. Fixed the command name completion code so a slash is no longer appended
+ to a single match if there happens to be a directory with that name in
+ $PWD.
+
+j. Fixed compound array assignment to no longer perform alias expansion, to
+ allow reserved words as array members, and to not produce extra output
+ when the `-v' option had been enabled.
+
+k. Fixed the programmable completion code to better handle newlines in lists
+ of possible completions (e.g., `complete -W').
+
+l. Removed the reserved words from the `bash-builtins' manual page.
+
+m. Parser error reporting now attempts to do a better job of identifying the
+ token in error rather than doing straight textual analysis.
+
+n. Fixes for Inf/NaN, locales, wide/multibyte characters and zero-length
+ arguments in the library snprintf(3) replacement.
+
+o. `read -e' no longer does command name completion on the first word on
+ the line being read.
+
+p. `select' now returns failure if the read of the user's selection fails.
+
+q. Fixed a bug that could cause a core dump when setting $PIPESTATUS.
+
+r. Fixes to not allocate so many job slots when the shell is running a loop
+ with job control enabled in a subshell of an interactive shell.
+
+s. Fixed a bug in the trap code that caused traps to be inherited by
+ command substitutions in some cases.
+
+t. Fixed a bug that could cause alias expansion to inappropriately expand
+ the word following the alias.
+
+u. Fixed a bug in the `kill' builtin that mishandled negative pid arguments.
+
+v. The parser is less lenient when parsing assignment statements where the
+ characters before the `=' don't comprise a valid identifier.
+
+w. The arithmetic expression evaluation code now honors the setting of the
+ `-u' option when expanding variable names.
+
+x. Fixed the arithmetic evaluation code to allow array subscripts to be
+ assigned (`let b[7]=42') and auto-incremented and auto-decremented
+ (e.g., b[7]++).
+
+y. Reimplemented the existing prompt string date and time expansions using
+ strftime(3), which changed the output of \@ in some locales.
+
+z. Fixed a bug that could cause a core dump when a special shell variable
+ (like RANDOM) was converted to an array with a variable assignment.
+
+aa. Fixed a bug that would reset the handler for a signal the user had
+ trapped to a function that would exit the shell when setting the exit
+ trap in a non-interactive shell.
+
+bb. Changed the execve(2) wrapper code to check whether or not a failing
+ command is a directory before looking at whether a `#!' interpreter
+ failed for some reason.
+
+cc. Fixed a bug in the command printing code so it no longer inserts a `;'
+ after a newline, which produces a syntax error when reused as input.
+
+dd. The code that expands $PS4 no longer inherits the `-x' flag.
+
+ee. The bash-specific completion functions may now take advantage of the
+ double-TAB and M-? features of the standard readline completion
+ functions.
+
+ff. The mail checking code no longer prints a message if the checked file's
+ size has not increased, even if the access time is less than the modification time.
+
+gg. Rewrote the variable symbol table code: there is now a stack of
+ contexts, each possibly including a separate symbol table; there can
+ be more than one temporary environment supplied to nested invocations
+ of `./source'; the temporary environments no longer require so much
+ special-case code; shell functions now handle the temporary environment
+ and local variables more consistently; function scope exit is faster now
+ that the entire symbol table does not have to be traversed to dispose of
+ local variables; it is now easier to push vars from the temporary
+ environment to the shell's variable table in posix mode; some duplicated
+ code has been removed.
+
+hh. Regularized the error message printing code; builtin_error is now called
+ more consistently, and common error message strings are handled by small
+ functions. This should make eventual message translation easier.
+
+ii. Error messages now include the line number in a script when the shell
+ is not interactive.
+
+jj. Array subscript expansion now takes place even when the array variable is
+ unset, so side effects will take place.
+
+kk. Fixed a bug in the SICGHLD child-reaping code so that it won't find
+ jobs already marked as terminated if the OS reuses pids quickly enough.
+
+ll. Fixed a bug that could cause a signal to not interrupt the `wait'
+ builtin while it was waiting for a background process to terminate.
+
+mm. A couple of changes to make it easier for multiple shells to share history
+ files using `history -n', `history -r', and `history -w'.
+
+nn. The `getopts' builtin always increments OPTIND to point to the next
+ option to be handled when an option is returned, whether it's valid
+ or not, as POSIX 1003.x-2001 requires.
+
+oo. Changed some parts of the expansion code to avoid allocating and
+ immediately freeing memory without using the results for anything.
+
+pp. The shell now keeps track of $IFS internally, updating its internal map
+ each time the variable is assigned a new value (or at local scope exit).
+ This saves thousands of hash lookups for IFS, which, while individually
+ cheap, add up.
+
+qq. Rewrote the hash table code: searching and insertion are much faster now,
+ and it uses a better string hashing function; augmented the function
+ interface to simplify other parts of the code and remove duplicated code
+
+rr. The shell now uses a simple, generic `object cache' for allocating and
+ caching words and word lists, which were the major users of
+ malloc/free.
+
+ss. Fixed the assignment statement parsing code to allow whitespace and
+ newlines in subscripts when performing array element assignment.
+
+tt. The shell now issues many fewer calls to sigprocmask and other signal
+ masking system calls.
+
+uu. Fixed the `test' and conditional command file comparison operators to
+ work right when one file has a non-positive timestamp and the other
+ does not exist.
+
+vv. Fixed some cases where the special characters '\001' and '\177' in the
+ values of variables or positional parameters caused incorrect expansion
+ results.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed output of comment-begin character when listing variable values.
+
+b. Added some default key bindings for common escape sequences produced by
+ HOME and END keys.
+
+c. Fixed the mark handling code to be more emacs-compatible.
+
+d. A bug was fixed in the code that prints possible completions to keep it
+ from printing empty strings in certain circumstances.
+
+e. Change the key sequence printing code to print ESC as M\- if ESC is a
+ meta-prefix character -- it's easier for users to understand than \e.
+
+f. Fixed unstifle_history() to return values that match the documentation.
+
+g. Fixed the event loop (rl_event_hook) to handle the case where the input
+ file descriptor is invalidated.
+
+h. Fixed the prompt display code to work better when the application has a
+ custom redisplay function.
+
+i. Changes to make reading and writing the history file a little faster, and
+ to cope with huge history files without calling abort(3) from xmalloc.
+
+j. The vi-mode `S' and `s' commands are now undone correctly.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. If set, TMOUT is the default timeout for the `read' builtin.
+
+b. `type' has two new options: `-f' suppresses shell function lookup, and
+ `-P' forces a $PATH search.
+
+c. New code to handle multibyte characters.
+
+d. `select' was changed to be more ksh-compatible, in that the menu is
+ reprinted each time through the loop only if REPLY is set to NULL.
+ The previous behavior is available as a compile-time option.
+
+e. `complete -d' and `complete -o dirnames' now force a slash to be
+ appended to names which are symlinks to directories.
+
+f. There is now a bindable edit-and-execute-command readline command,
+ like the vi-mode `v' command, bound to C-xC-e in emacs mode.
+
+g. Added support for ksh93-like [:word:] character class in pattern matching.
+
+h. The $'...' quoting construct now expands \cX to Control-X.
+
+i. A new \D{...} prompt expansion; passes the `...' to strftime and inserts
+ the result into the expanded prompt.
+
+j. The shell now performs arithmetic in the largest integer size the
+ machine supports (intmax_t), instead of long.
+
+k. If a numeric argument is supplied to one of the bash globbing completion
+ functions, a `*' is appended to the word before expansion is attempted.
+
+l. The bash globbing completion functions now allow completions to be listed
+ with double tabs or if `show-all-if-ambiguous' is set.
+
+m. New `-o nospace' option for `complete' and `compgen' builtins; suppresses
+ readline's appending a space to the completed word.
+
+n. New `here-string' redirection operator: <<< word.
+
+o. When displaying variables, function attributes and definitions are shown
+ separately, allowing them to be re-used as input (attempting to re-use
+ the old output would result in syntax errors).
+
+p. There is a new configuration option `--enable-mem-scramble', controls
+ bash malloc behavior of writing garbage characters into memory at
+ allocation and free time.
+
+q. The `complete' and `compgen' builtins now have a new `-s/-A service'
+ option to complete on names from /etc/services.
+
+r. `read' has a new `-u fd' option to read from a specified file descriptor.
+
+s. Fix the completion code so that expansion errors in a directory name
+ don't cause a longjmp back to the command loop.
+
+t. Fixed word completion inside command substitution to work a little more
+ intuitively.
+
+u. The `printf' %q format specifier now uses $'...' quoting to print the
+ argument if it contains non-printing characters.
+
+v. The `declare' and `typeset' builtins have a new `-t' option. When applied
+ to functions, it causes the DEBUG trap to be inherited by the named
+ function. Currently has no effect on variables.
+
+w. The DEBUG trap is now run *before* simple commands, ((...)) commands,
+ [[...]] conditional commands, and for ((...)) loops.
+
+x. The expansion of $LINENO inside a shell function is only relative to the
+ function start if the shell is interactive -- if the shell is running a
+ script, $LINENO expands to the line number in the script. This is as
+ POSIX-2001 requires.
+
+y. The bash debugger in examples/bashdb has been modified to work with the
+ new DEBUG trap semantics, the command set has been made more gdb-like,
+ and the changes to $LINENO make debugging functions work better. Code
+ from Gary Vaughan.
+
+z. New [n]<&word- and [n]>&word- redirections from ksh93 -- move fds (dup
+ and close).
+
+aa. There is a new `-l' invocation option, equivalent to `--login'.
+
+bb. The `hash' builtin has a new `-l' option to list contents in a reusable
+ format, and a `-d' option to remove a name from the hash table.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. Support for key `subsequences': allows, e.g., ESC and ESC-a to both
+ be bound to readline functions. Now the arrow keys may be used in vi
+ insert mode.
+
+b. When listing completions, and the number of lines displayed is more than
+ the screen length, readline uses an internal pager to display the results.
+ This is controlled by the `page-completions' variable (default on).
+
+c. New code to handle editing and displaying multibyte characters.
+
+d. The behavior introduced in bash-2.05a of deciding whether or not to
+ append a slash to a completed name that is a symlink to a directory has
+ been made optional, controlled by the `mark-symlinked-directories'
+ variable (default is the 2.05a behavior).
+
+e. The `insert-comment' command now acts as a toggle if given a numeric
+ argument: if the first characters on the line don't specify a
+ comment, insert one; if they do, delete the comment text
+
+f. New application-settable completion variable:
+ rl_completion_mark_symlink_dirs, allows an application's completion
+ function to temporarily override the user's preference for appending
+ slashes to names which are symlinks to directories.
+
+g. New function available to application completion functions:
+ rl_completion_mode, to tell how the completion function was invoked
+ and decide which argument to supply to rl_complete_internal (to list
+ completions, etc.).
+
+h. Readline now has an overwrite mode, toggled by the `overwrite-mode'
+ bindable command, which could be bound to `Insert'.
+
+i. New application-settable completion variable:
+ rl_completion_suppress_append, inhibits appending of
+ rl_completion_append_character to completed words.
+
+j. New key bindings when reading an incremental search string: ^W yanks
+ the currently-matched word out of the current line into the search
+ string; ^Y yanks the rest of the current line into the search string,
+ DEL or ^H deletes characters from the search string.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.05a-release,
+and the previous version, bash-2.05a-rc1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed the `printf' builtin so that the variable name supplied as an
+ argument to a %n conversion must be a valid shell identifier.
+
+b. Improved the random number generator slightly.
+
+c. Changes to configuration to not put -I/usr/include into $CFLAGS, since
+ it messes up some includes.
+
+d. Corrected description of POSIXLY_CORRECT in man page and info manual.
+
+e. Fixed a couple of cases of incorrect function prototypes that sneaked
+ through and caused compilation problems.
+
+f. A few changes to avoid potential core dumps in the programmable completion
+ code.
+
+g. Fixed a configure problem that could cause a non-existent file to show
+ up in LIBOBJS.
+
+h. Fixed a configure problem that could cause siglist.o to not be built when
+ required.
+
+i. Changes to the strtoimax and strtoumax replacement functions to work
+ around buggy compilers.
+
+j. Fixed a problem with the snprintf replacement function that could
+ potentially cause a core dump.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a locale-specific problem in the vi-mode `goto mark' command.
+
+b. Fixed Makefile to not put -I/usr/include into CFLAGS, since it can cause
+ include file problems.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.05a-rc1,
+and the previous version, bash-2.05a-beta1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed the snprintf replacement to correctly implement the `alternate form'
+ of the %g and %G conversions.
+
+b. Fixed snprintf to correctly handle the optional precision with the %g and
+ %G conversions.
+
+c. Fixed the arithmetic evaluation code to correct the values of `@' and `_'
+ when translating base-64 constants (they were backwards).
+
+d. New library functions for formatting long and long long ints.
+
+e. Fixed a few places where negative array subscripts could have occurred,
+ mostly as the result of systems using signed characters.
+
+f. Fixed a few places that assumed a pid_t was no wider than an int.
+
+g. Fixed the `maildir' mail checking code to work on systems where a
+ `struct stat' doesn't include an `st_blocks' member.
+
+h. Fixed snprintf to make `unsigned long long' conversion formats (%llu)
+ work better.
+
+i. Fixed snprintf to not print a sign when asked to do an unsigned conversion.
+
+j. Made configure changes to avoid compiling empty source files in lib/sh.
+
+k. New replacement functions (if necessary) for strtoull, strtoll, strtoimax,
+ strtoumax.
+
+l. The `printf' builtin now handles the `ll' and `j' length modifiers
+ directly, since they can affect the type and width of the argument
+ passed to printf(3).
+
+m. Renamed a number of the bash-specific autoconf macros in aclocal.m4 to
+ have more sytematic naming, with accompanying changes to configure.in.
+
+n. Fixed snprintf to handle long doubles and the %a/%A conversions by
+ falling back to sprintf, as long as sprintf supports them.
+
+o. Fixed return value from vsnprintf/snprintf to be the number of characters
+ that would have been printed, even if that number exceeds the buffer
+ size passed as an argument.
+
+p. Bash no longer attempts to define its own versions of some ctype macros
+ if they are implemented as functions in libc but not as macros in
+ <ctype.h>.
+
+q. Changed the variable printing code (used by `set', `export', etc.) to
+ not use the $'...' syntax when in posix mode, since that caused
+ interoperability problems with other shells (most notably with autoconf).
+ When not in posix mode, it uses $'...' if the string to be printed
+ contains non-printing characters and regular single quotes otherwise.
+
+r. snprintf now recognizes the %F conversion.
+
+s. Fixed a bug that could cause the wrong status to be returned by a shell
+ function when the shell is compiled without job control and a null
+ command containing a command substutition was executed in the function.
+
+t. When in posix mode, the default value for MAILCHECK is 600.
+
+u. Bash only initializes FUNCNAME, GROUPS, and DIRSTACK as special variables
+ if they're not in the initial environment.
+
+v. If SECONDS appears in the initial environment with a valid integer value,
+ bash uses that as the starting value, as if an assignment had been
+ performed.
+
+w. Bash no longer auto-exports HOME, PATH, SHELL, or TERM, even though it
+ gives them default values if they don't appear in the initial environment.
+
+x. Bash no longer auto-exports HOSTNAME, HOSTTYPE, MACHTYPE, or OSTYPE,
+ even if it assigns them default values.
+
+y. Bash no longer removes the export attribute from SSH_CLIENT or SSH2_CLIENT
+ if they appear in the initial environment.
+
+z. Bash no longer attempts to discover if it's being run by sshd in order to
+ run the startup files. If the SSH_SOURCE_BASHRC is uncommented in
+ config-top.h it will attempt to do so as previously, but that's commented
+ out in the distributed version.
+
+aa. Fixed a typo in the code that tests for LC_NUMERIC.
+
+bb. The POSIXLY_CORRECT shell variable and its effects are now documented.
+
+cc. Some changes to several of the support shell scripts included in the
+ definitions to try to avoid race conditions and attacks.
+
+dd. Several changes to avoid warnings from `gcc -Wall'.
+
+ee. Fixed a problem with the `unset' builtin that could cause incorrect
+ results if asked to unset a variable and an array subscript in the
+ same command.
+
+ff. A few changes to the shell's temporary file creation code to avoid
+ potential file descriptor leaks and to prefer the system's idea of
+ the temporary directory to use.
+
+gg. Fixes to build with the C alloca in lib/malloc/alloca.c if the system
+ requires it but the shell has been configured --without-bash-malloc.
+
+hh. Updated the documentation to note that only interactive shells resend
+ SIGHUP to all jobs before exiting.
+
+ii. Fixes to only pass unquoted tilde words to tilde_expand, rather than
+ rely on tilde_expand or getpwnam(3) to handle the quotes (MacOS 10.x
+ will remove backslashes in any login name passed to getpwnam(3)).
+
+jj. Small change from Paul Eggert to make LINENO right in commands run with
+ `bash -c'.
+
+2. New Features in Bash
+
+a. The `printf' builtin now handles the %a and %A conversions if they're
+ implemented by printf(3).
+
+b. The `printf' builtin now handles the %F conversion (just about like %f).
+
+c. The `printf' builtin now handles the %n conversion like printf(3). The
+ corresponding argument is the name of a shell variable to which the
+ value is assigned.
+
+3. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a few places where negative array subscripts could have occurred.
+
+b. Fixed the vi-mode code to use a better method to determine the bounds of
+ the array used to hold the marks.
+
+c. Fixed the defines in chardefs.h to work better when chars are signed.
+
+d. Fixed configure.in to use the new names for bash autoconf macros.
+
+e. Readline no longer attempts to define its own versions of some ctype
+ macros if they are implemented as functions in libc but not as macros in
+ <ctype.h>.
+
+f. Fixed a problem where rl_backward could possibly set point to before
+ the beginning of the line.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.05a-beta1,
+and the previous version, bash-2.05a-alpha1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug in the evalution of arithmetic `for' statements when the
+ expanded expression is NULL.
+
+b. Fixed an unassigned variable problem in the redirection printing code.
+
+c. Added more prototypes to extern function declarations in the header
+ files and to static function declarations in C source files.
+
+d. Make sure called functions have a prototype in scope, to get the arguments
+ and return values right instead of casting. Removed extern function
+ declarations from C source files that were already included in header
+ files.
+
+e. Changed some function arguments to use function typedefs in general.h so
+ the prototypes can be checked. The only use of Function and VFunction
+ now is for unwind-protects.
+
+f. More const changes to function arguments and appropriate variables.
+
+g. Changed the mail checking support to handle `maildir'-style mail
+ directories.
+
+h. Augmented the bash malloc to pass in the file and line number information
+ for each malloc, realloc, and free. This should result in better error
+ messages.
+
+i. The `old' gnu malloc is no longer a configuration option.
+
+j. Augmented the bash malloc with optional tracing and registering allocated
+ and freed memory.
+
+k. Prompt string decoding now saves and restores the value of $? when it
+ expands the prompt string, so command substitutions don't change $?.
+
+i. Array indices are now `long', since shell arithmetic is performed as long,
+ and the internal arrayind_t type is used consistently.
+
+j. Some more `unsigned char *' fixes from Paul Eggert.
+
+k. Fixed a bad call to builtin_error that could cause core dumps when making
+ local variables.
+
+l. `return' may no longer be used to terminate a `select' command, for
+ compatibility with ksh.
+
+m. Changed code that reads octal numbers to do a better job of detecting
+ overflows.
+
+n. The time formatting code no longer uses absolute indices into a buffer,
+ because the buffer size changes depending on the size of a `time_t'.
+
+o. `umask' now prints four digits when printing in octal mode, for
+ compatibility with other shells.
+
+p. Lots of changes to the `printf' builtin from Paul Eggert: it handles `L'
+ formats and long doubles better, and internal functions have been
+ simpified where appropriate.
+
+q. Some `time_t' fixes for machines were a time_t is bigger than a long.
+
+r. Replaced some bash-specific autoconf macros with standard equivalents.
+
+s. Improvmed the code that constructs temporary filenames to make the
+ generated names a bit more random.
+
+t. Added code that checks for ascii before calling any of the is* ctype
+ functions.
+
+u. Changed some places where a `char' was used as an array subscript to use
+ `unsigned char', since a `char' can be negative if it's signed by default.
+
+v. Lots of changes to the `ulimit' builtin from Paul Eggert to add support
+ for the new POSIX-200x RLIM_SAVED_CUR and RLIM_SAVED_MAX values and
+ simplify the code.
+
+w. `ulimit' now prints the description of a resource in any error message
+ relating to fetching or setting that resource's limits.
+
+x. The `snprintf' replacement now computes maximum values at compile
+ time rather than using huge constants for things like long long.
+
+y. Interactive shells now ignore `set -n'.
+
+z. Changed the malloc bookkeeping information so that it's now 8 bytes
+ instead of 12 on most 32-bit machines (saving 4 bytes per allocation),
+ restoring 8-byte alignment.
+
+aa. The malloc error reporting code now attempts to print the file and line
+ number of the call that caused the error.
+
+bb. Changed the redirection error reporting code to catch EBADF errors and
+ report the file descriptor number rather than the file being redirected
+ to or from (e.g., things like `exec 4242<x' where 4242 is an out-of-range
+ file descriptor).
+
+cc. `printf', `echo -e', and the $'...' code now process only two hex digits
+ after a `\x' escape sequence for compatibility with other shells, and
+ the documentation was changed to note that the octal and hex escape
+ sequences result in an eight-bit value rather than strict ASCII.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. The completion code now attempts to do a better job of preserving the
+ case of the word the user typed if ignoring case in completions.
+
+b. Readline defaults to not echoing the input and lets the terminal
+ initialization code enable echoing if there is a controlling terminal.
+
+c. The key binding code now processes only two hex digits after a `\x'
+ escape sequence, and the documentation was changed to note that the
+ octal and hex escape sequences result in an eight-bit value rather
+ than strict ASCII.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. The builtin `ulimit' now takes two new non-numeric arguments: `hard',
+ meaning the current hard limit, and `soft', meaning the current soft
+ limit, in addition to `unlimited'
+
+b. `ulimit' now prints the option letter associated with a particular
+ resource when printing more than one limit.
+
+c. `ulimit' prints `hard' or `soft' when a value is not `unlimited' but is
+ one of RLIM_SAVED_MAX or RLIM_SAVED_CUR, respectively.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. New bindable variable `history-preserve-point'. If set, the history
+ code attempts to place the user at the same location on each history
+ line retrived with previous-history or next-history.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.05a-alpha1,
+and the previous version, bash-2.05-release.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Better checks in the redirection code for write errors.
+
+b. bashbug now uses $TMPDIR, defaulting to /tmp, and uses mktemp(1) more
+ portably.
+
+c. System-specific configuration changes for: Interix, OpenBSD, FreeBSD,
+ MacOS X.
+
+d. Some more `const' cleanups through the code.
+
+e. Fixed a typo in the /dev/fd redirection code, better checks for valid
+ numeric fds in /dev/fd.
+
+f. Fixed many parts of the shell to handle integer overflow more gracefully
+ and to do more stringent checks for valid numbers.
+
+g. Fixed mksignames to include config.h.
+
+h. Fixed an uninitialized variable problem that could cause the shell to core
+ dump when replacing characters in a string.
+
+i. New mechanism for updating the patch level when official patches are
+ released (patchlevel.h).
+
+j. configure.in changed to no longer require external files _distribution and
+ _patchlevel.
+
+k. Fixed non-interactive shell initialization problem when bash started as
+ `bash -i filename'.
+
+l. Fixed printf builtin conversion error handling to be POSIX.2-conformant.
+
+m. autoconf-2.52 is now used to build configure; autoconf-2.50 or newer is
+ required. Some of the bash-specific macros were removed, since they are
+ now standard.
+
+n. Startup files and files read with source or `.' are no longer required to
+ be regular files.
+
+o. Fixed core dump in builtin printf when user-supplied precision or field
+ width is 0.
+
+p. Fixed builtin printf to treat a negative field width as a positive field
+ width with left-justification.
+
+r. New unwind-protect implementation from Paul Eggert.
+
+s. Fixed an inadvertently-unclosed comment in the bash completion code that
+ caused programmable completions to not add trailing slashes or spaces to
+ completions.
+
+t. Fixed the process substitution code to cope better when stdin is closed.
+
+v. Fixes, mostly from Paul Eggert, for a few possible buffer overflows in
+ the shell.
+
+w. Fixes from Paul Eggert to avoid most of the type casts in the shell code,
+ and use more appropriate types for a number of variables.
+
+x. Command substition no longer inherits the DEBUG trap.
+
+y. Some fixes to the process substition code on machines without /dev/fd so
+ that named pipes are not removed inappropriately.
+
+z. The loadable `getconf' builtin is now much more complete, and will become
+ part of the shell in the future.
+
+aa. The select command no longer terminates on a `return', so it can be used
+ to return from an enclosing function (as ksh does it).
+
+bb. Fixed the extended pattern matching code to behave better when presented
+ with incorrectly-formed patterns.
+
+cc. Some changes were made with the intent of making cross-compilation easier.
+
+dd. The network code (/dev/tcp and /dev/udp redirections) uses getaddrinfo(3)
+ if it's available, which adds support for IPv6.
+
+ee. Subshells of login shells no longer source ~/.bash_logout when they exit.
+
+ff. Fixes so that subshells don't exit inappropriately if the -e option has
+ been set.
+
+gg. Restricted shells no longer allow functions to be exported.
+
+hh. Changes to the pattern matching code so extended pattern matching works
+ on systems with deficient shared library implementations, like MacOS X.
+
+ii. Better error messages when a script with a leading `#!interp' fails
+ to execute because of problems with `interp'.
+
+jj. Fixed `compgen' to handle the `-o default' option better.
+
+kk. Fixed the job control code to force an asynchronous process's standard
+ input to /dev/null only if job control is not active.
+
+ll. Fixed a possible infinite recursion problem when `fc ""=abc' (a null
+ pattern) is used to re-execute a previous command.
+
+mm. Fixed `declare [-a] var=value' to assign VALUE to element 0 if VAR is an
+ array variable. Similarly for `declare [-a] var[N]=value'. This is like
+ ksh93.
+
+nn. Fixed a bug that caused `read -a aname' to work even if ANAME had been
+ declared readonly.
+
+oo. Fixed a possible integer overflow problem when constructing names for
+ temporary files.
+
+2. New Features in Bash
+
+a. Added support for DESTDIR installation root prefix, so you can do a
+ `make install DESTDIR=bash-root' and do easier binary packaging.
+
+b. Added support for builtin printf "'" flag character as per latest POSIX
+ drafts.
+
+c. Support for POSIX.2 printf(1) length specifiers `j', `t', and `z' (from
+ ISO C99).
+
+d. New autoconf macro, RL_LIB_READLINE_VERSION, for use by other applications
+ (bash doesn't use very much of what it returns).
+
+e. `set [-+]o nolog' is recognized as required by the latest POSIX drafts,
+ but ignored.
+
+f. New read-only `shopt' option: login_shell. Set to non-zero value if the
+ shell is a login shell.
+
+g. New `\A' prompt string escape sequence; expands to time in 24 HH:MM format.
+
+h. New `-A group/-g' option to complete and compgen; does group name
+ completion.
+
+i. New `-t' option to `hash' to list hash values for each filename argument.
+
+j. New [-+]O invocation option to set and unset `shopt' options at startup.
+
+k. configure's `--with-installed-readline' option now takes an optional
+ `=PATH' suffix to set the root of the tree where readline is installed
+ to PATH.
+
+l. The ksh-like `ERR' trap has been added. The `ERR' trap will be run
+ whenever the shell would have exited if the -e option were enabled.
+ It is not inherited by shell functions.
+
+m. `readonly', `export', and `declare' now print variables which have been
+ given attributes but not set by assigning a value as just a command and
+ a variable name (like `export foo') when listing, as the latest POSIX
+ drafts require.
+
+n. `bashbug' now requires that the subject be changed from the default.
+
+o. configure has a new `--enable-largefile' option, like other GNU utilities.
+
+p. `for' loops now allow empty word lists after `in', like the latest POSIX
+ drafts require.
+
+3. Changes to Readline
+
+a. More `const' and type casting fixes.
+
+b. Changed rl_message() to use vsnprintf(3) (if available) to fix buffer
+ overflow problems.
+
+c. The completion code no longer appends a `/' or ` ' to a match when
+ completing a symbolic link that resolves to a directory name, unless
+ the match does not add anything to the word being completed. This
+ means that a tab will complete the word up to the full name, but not
+ add anything, and a subsequent tab will add a slash.
+
+d. Fixed a trivial typo that made the vi-mode `dT' command not work.
+
+e. Fixed the tty code so that ^S and ^Q can be inserted with rl_quoted_insert.
+
+f. Fixed the tty code so that ^V works more than once.
+
+g. Changed the use of __P((...)) for function prototypes to PARAMS((...))
+ because the use of __P in typedefs conflicted g++ and glibc.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. Added extern declaration for rl_get_termcap to readline.h, making it a
+ public function (it was always there, just not in readline.h).
+
+b. New #defines in readline.h: RL_READLINE_VERSION, currently 0x0402,
+ RL_VERSION_MAJOR, currently 4, and RL_VERSION_MINOR, currently 2.
+
+c. New readline variable: rl_readline_version, mirrors RL_READLINE_VERSION.
+
+d. New bindable boolean readline variable: match-hidden-files. Controls
+ completion of files beginning with a `.' (on Unix). Enabled by default.
+
+e. The history expansion code now allows any character to terminate a
+ `:first-' modifier, like csh.
+
+f. The incremental search code remembers the last search string and uses
+ it if ^R^R is typed without a search string.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.05-release,
+and the previous version, bash-2.05-beta2.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Make sure we note that the first line of a multi-line command was not
+ saved in the history if the tests for HISTCONTROL succeed, but the
+ HISTIGNORE check fails.
+
+b. Fixed a bug in the pattern matching code that caused `[' to be treated
+ as a special character inside a `[...]' bracket expression.
+
+c. Fixed a bug in the pattern matching code that caused `]' to terminate
+ a bracket expression even if it was the first character after the `['
+ (or a leading `!' or `^').
+
+d. Made a small change to report a more user-friendly error message if
+ execve(2) fails because of an error with the interpreter in a script
+ with a leading `#! interpreter'.
+
+e. If the OS does not support an exec(2) magic number of `#!', make sure we
+ have a non-null interpreter name before attempting to execute it.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused the shell process to end up in a different
+ process group than the controlling terminal if a job-control shell was
+ run with `exec' in the startup files.
+
+g. When started in POSIX mode, either by `bash --posix', `bash -o posix', or
+ `sh', $SHELLOPTS includes `posix' and POSIXLY_CORRECT is set.
+
+h. Fixed a problem that caused the `\W' prompt string escape sequence to
+ expand to nothing when $PWD was `//'.
+
+i. The `bashbug' shell script no longer uses $(...) command substitution.
+
+j. When `set' is invoked without options in POSIX mode, it no longer prints
+ the names and definitions of shell functions.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. rl_set_paren_blink_timeout() is now documented.
+
+b. Corrected history.3 man page: `$' is not in the default value of
+ history_word_delimiters.
+
+c. If a hook function assigned to rl_event_hook sets rl_done to a non-zero
+ value, rl_read_key() now immediately returns '\n' (which is assumed to
+ be bound to accept-line).
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. The `>&word' redirection now works in POSIX mode as it does by default,
+ since POSIX.2 leaves it unspecified.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.05-beta2,
+and the previous version, bash-2.05-beta1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug in the arithmetic evaluation code so that a^=b is supported.
+
+b. Fixed startup so posixly_correct is retained across subshells begun to
+ execute scripts without a leading `#!'.
+
+c. Fixed a bug that caused $(< file) to not work in a (...) subshell.
+
+d. Added config support for Linux running on the IBM S390.
+
+e. Fixed a bug that caused bash to get its input pointer out of sync when
+ reading commands through a pipe and running a command with standard
+ input redirected from a file.
+
+f. Made a change so that command completion now makes about half as many
+ stat(2) calls when searching the $PATH.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that caused variable assignments preceding `return' to not
+ be propagated to the shell environment in POSIX mode.
+
+h. Fixed a bug with ${parameter[:]?word} -- tilde expansion was not performed
+ on `word'.
+
+i. In POSIX mode, `break' and `continue' do not complain and return success
+ if called when the shell is not executing a loop.
+
+j. Fixed `bash -o posix' to work the same as `bash --posix'.
+
+k. Fixed a bug where variable assignments preceding `eval' or `source/.'
+ would not show up in the environment exported to subshells run by the
+ commands.
+
+l. In POSIX mode, shells started to execute command substitutions inherit
+ the value of the `-e' option from their parent shell.
+
+m. In POSIX mode, aliases are expanded even in non-interactive shells.
+
+n. Changed some of the job control messages to display the text required by
+ POSIX.2 when the shell is in POSIX mode.
+
+o. Fixed a bug in `test' that caused it to occasionally return incorrect
+ results when non-numeric arguments were supplied to `-t'.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Some changes were made to avoid gcc warnings with -Wall.
+
+b. rl_get_keymap_by_name now finds keymaps case-insensitively, so
+ `set keymap EMACS' works.
+
+c. The history file writing and truncation functions now return a useful
+ status on error.
+
+d. Fixed a bug that could cause applications to dereference a NULL pointer
+ if a NULL second argument was passed to history_expand().
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. doc/readline.3 has been moved to the readline distribution.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. New function, rl_get_screen_size (int *rows, int *columns), returns
+ readline's idea of the screen dimensions.
+
+b. The timeout in rl_gather_tyi (readline keyboard input polling function)
+ is now settable via a function (rl_set_keyboard_input_timeout()).
+
+c. Renamed the max_input_history variable to history_max_entries; the old
+ variable is maintained for backwards compatibility.
+
+d. The list of characters that separate words for the history tokenizer is
+ now settable with a variable: history_word_delimiters. The default
+ value is as before.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.05-beta1,
+and the previous version, bash-2.05-alpha1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Changes to allow shared library and object building on the GNU Hurd.
+
+b. Fixes to the way exported functions are placed into the environment and
+ cached.
+
+c. The globbing library once again respects locales when processing ranges
+ in bracket expressions while doing pattern matching.
+
+d. System-specific configuration changes for: Tru 64, Interix
+
+e. Bashbug now uses /usr/bin/editor as one of the editing alternatives, and
+ will use mktemp(1) or tempfile(1), if present, for temporary file creation.
+
+f. Bash no longer performs a binary file check on a script argument that's
+ really a tty (like /dev/fd/0 or /dev/stdin).
+
+g. Fixed a bug in the execution of shell scripts that caused the effects of
+ $BASH_ENV to be undone in some cases.
+
+h. Fixed several bugs that made `bash [-i] /dev/stdin' not work correctly.
+
+i. Several changes to the job control code to avoid some signal state
+ manipulation.
+
+j. The Bash malloc no longer blocks signals as often, which should make it
+ faster.
+
+k. Fixed a parsing bug that did not allow backslash to escape a single quote
+ inside a $'...' construct.
+
+l. Fixed a bug that caused things like ${var:=$'value'} to be parsed
+ incorrectly. This showed up in newer versions of autoconf.
+
+m. Fixed a bug in the bash-specific readline initialization that caused
+ key bindings to bash-specific function names appearing in .inputrc to
+ not be honored.
+
+n. Bash now sets the file descriptor it uses to save the file descriptor
+ opened on a shell script to close on exec.
+
+o. Fixed a bug in the prompt string decoding that caused it to misbehave
+ when presented an octal sequence of fewer than three characters.
+
+p. Fixed the `test' builtin to return an error if `[' is supplied a single
+ argument that is not `]'.
+
+q. Fixed a bug that caused subshells started to run executable shell scripts
+ without a leading `#!' to incorrectly inherit an argument list preceding
+ a shell builtin (like such a script called from a script sourced with `.',
+ where there were variable assignments preceding the `.' command)
+
+r. Fixed a bug that caused changes to variables supplied in an assignment
+ statement preceding a shell builtin to not be honored (like a script
+ run with `.').
+
+s. HOSTTYPE, OSTYPE, and MACHTYPE are set only if they do not have values
+ when the shell is started.
+
+t. Fixed a bug that caused SIGINT to kill shell scripts after the script
+ called `wait'.
+
+u. The `fc' builtin now tries to create its temporary files in the directory
+ named by $TMPDIR.
+
+v. Bash no longer calls any Readline functions or uses any Readline variables
+ not declared in readline.h.
+
+w. Fixed a bug that caused some substitutions involving $@ to not be split
+ correctly, especially expansions of the form ${paramterOPword}.
+
+x. SSH2_CLIENT is now treated like SSH_CLIENT and not auto-exported if it
+ appears in the initial environment.
+
+y. Fixed a couple of problems with shell scripts without a leading `#!'
+ being executed out of shell functions that could cause core dumps if
+ such a script attempted to execute `return'.
+
+z. Fixed a problem with the `-nt' and `-ot' binary operators for the
+ `test/[' builtin and the `[[' conditional command that caused wrong
+ return values if one of the file arguments did not exist.
+
+aa. Fixed a bug that caused non-interactive shells which had previously
+ executed `shopt -s expand_aliases' to fail to expand aliases in a
+ command like `(command) &'.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Changes to make most (but not yet all -- there is still crlf()) of the
+ exported readline functions declared in readline.h have an rl_ prefix.
+
+b. More `const' changes in function arguments, mostly for completion
+ functions.
+
+c. Fixed a bug in rl_forward that could cause the point to be set to before
+ the beginning of the line in vi mode.
+
+d. Fixed a bug in the callback read-char interface to make it work when a
+ readline function pushes some input onto the input stream with
+ rl_execute_next (like the incremental search functions).
+
+e. Fixed a file descriptor leak in the history file manipulation code that
+ was tripped when attempting to truncate a non-regular file (like
+ /dev/null).
+
+f. Some existing variables are now documented and part of the public
+ interface (declared in readline.h): rl_explict_arg, rl_numeric_arg,
+ rl_editing_mode, rl_last_func.
+
+g. Renamed rltty_set_default_bindings to rl_tty_set_default_bindings and
+ crlf to rl_crlf, so there are no public functions declared in readline.h
+ without an `rl_' prefix. The old functions still exist for backwards
+ compatibility.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. A new loadable builtin, realpath, which canonicalizes and expands symlinks
+ in pathname arguments.
+
+b. When `set' is called without options, it prints function defintions in a
+ way that allows them to be reused as input. This affects `declare' and
+ `declare -p' as well.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. New application-callable function rl_set_prompt(const char *prompt):
+ expands its prompt string argument and sets rl_prompt to the result.
+
+b. New application-callable function rl_set_screen_size(int rows, int cols):
+ public method for applications to set readline's idea of the screen
+ dimensions.
+
+c. The history example program (examples/histexamp.c) is now built as one
+ of the examples.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.05-alpha1,
+and the previous version, bash-2.04-release.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. A fix was made to allow newlines in compond array assignments.
+
+b. configure now checks for real-time signals with unusable values.
+
+c. Interactive shells no longer exit if a substitution fails because of an
+ unset variable within a sourced file.
+
+d. Fixed a problem with incorrect matching of extended glob patterns when
+ doing pattern substitution.
+
+e. `{' is now quoted by the completion code when it appears in a filename.
+
+f. Fixed an error in pattern matching that caused the matcher to not
+ correctly skip the rest of a bracket expression after a character
+ matched.
+
+g. Fixed a bug in the IFS word splitting code to make a non-whitespace IFS
+ character preceded by IFS whitespace part of the current delimiter rather
+ than generating a separate field.
+
+h. The {!prefix@} expansion now generates separate words, analogous to $@,
+ when double-quoted.
+
+i. Command substitution now ignores NUL bytes in the command output, and the
+ parser ignores them on input.
+
+j. A fix was made to the job control code to prevent hanging processes when
+ the shell thinks background processes are running but the kernel returns
+ -1/ECHILD from waitpid().
+
+k. `pwd' now prints an error message if the write fails when displaying the
+ current directory.
+
+l. When in POSIX mode, the shell prints trap dispostions without a leading
+ `SIG' in the signal specification.
+
+m. Fixed a parser bug that caused the current command's line count to be
+ messed up by a compound array assignment.
+
+n. Fixed a bug in the unwind-protect code that caused bad behavior on machines
+ where ints and pointers are not the same size.
+
+o. System-specific configure changes for: MacOS X.
+
+p. Changes for Cygwin to translate \r\n and \r to \n and to set file
+ descriptors used for reading input to text mode in various places.
+
+q. Fixed a bug that caused `!' to occasionally not be honored when in
+ a (...) subshell.
+
+r. Bash no longer assumes that getcwd() will return any useful error message
+ in the buffer passed as an argument if the call fails.
+
+s. The `source', `.', and `fc' builtins no longer check whether a file is
+ binary before reading commands from it.
+
+t. Subshells no longer turn off job control when they exit, since that
+ sometimes resulted in the terminal being reset to the wrong process
+ group.
+
+u. The history code no longer tries to save the second and subsequent lines
+ of a multi-line command if the first line was not saved.
+
+v. The history saving code now does a better job of saving blank lines in a
+ multi-line command.
+
+w. Removed a `feature' that made `ulimit' silently translate `unlimited' to
+ the current hard limit, which obscured some kernel error returns.
+
+x. Fixed the grammar so that `}' is recognized as a reserved word after
+ another reserved word, rather than requiring a `;' or newline. This
+ means that constructs like
+
+ { { echo a b c ; } }
+
+ work as expected.
+
+y. Conditional commands ([[...]]) now perform tilde expansion on their
+ arguments.
+
+z. Noted in the documentation that `set -a' will cause functions to be
+ exported if they are defined after `set -a' is executed.
+
+aa. When an interactive login shell starts, if $PWD and $HOME refer to the
+ same directory but are not the same string, $PWD is set to $HOME.
+
+bb. Fixed `printf' to handle invalid floating point numbers better.
+
+cc. Temporary files are now created with random filenames, to improve security.
+
+dd. The readline initialization code now binds the custom bash functions and
+ key bindings after the readline defaults are set up.
+
+ee. Fixed the `source' builtin to no longer overwrite a shell function's
+ argument list, even if the sourced file changes the positional parameters.
+
+ff. A bug fix was made in the expansion of `$*' in contexts where it should
+ not be split, like assignment statements.
+
+gg. Fixed a bug in the parameter substring expansion to handle conditional
+ arithmetic expressions ( exp ? val1 : val2 ) without cutting the expression
+ off at the wrong `:'.
+
+hh. The `<>' redirection is no longer subject to the current setting of
+ `noclobber', as POSIX.2 specifies.
+
+ii. Fixed a bug in the conditional command parsing code that caused expressions
+ in parentheses to occasionally be parsed incorrectly.
+
+jj. Fixed a bug in the ((...)) arithmetic command to allow do...done or
+ {...} to follow the )) without an intervening list terminator.
+
+kk. `printf' now treats `\E' the same as `\e' when performing backslash escape
+ expansion for the `%b' format specifier.
+
+ll. When in POSIX mode, the shell no longer searches the current directory for
+ a file to be sourced with `.' or `source' if `.' is not in $PATH.
+
+mm. Interactive comments are no longer turned off when POSIX mode is disabled.
+
+nn. The UID, EUID, HOSTNAME variables are not set if they are in the shell's
+ environment when it starts up.
+
+oo. Fixed a bug in the `command' builtin so the effect of a command like
+ `command exec 4<file' is as if the `command' had been omitted.
+
+pp. ${foo[@]} and ${foo[*]} now work as in ksh93 if `foo' is not an array
+ variable.
+
+qq. ${#foo[X]}, where X is 0, @, or *, now work as in ksh93 if `foo' is not
+ an array variable.
+
+rr. The shell's idea of an absolute pathname now takes into account a
+ possible drive specification on Cygwin and other Windows systems.
+
+ss. Fixed a bug which caused incorrect parsing of some multi-character
+ constructs if they were split across input lines with backslash-newline
+ line continuation.
+
+tt. Fixed a bug that caused restricted shell mode to be set inappropriately
+ when trying to execute a shell script without a leading `#!'.
+
+uu. Shell function definitions no longer require that the body be a group
+ command ( {...} ), as POSIX.2 requires.
+
+vv. The `cd' and `pwd' builtins now process symlinks in pathnames internally
+ and should require many fewer calls to getcwd().
+
+ww. Fixed a bug that caused a pipeline's process group to be set incorrectly
+ if one of the pipeline elements contained a command substitution.
+
+xx. Fixed a bug that caused core dumps when expanding the value of HISTIGNORE.
+
+yy. The output of `set' is now quoted using $'...' so invisible characters are
+ displayed as escape sequences.
+
+zz. Fixed the help text for `unset', since PATH and IFS may both be unset.
+
+aaa. The shell no longer puts directory names into the command hash table.
+
+bbb. Fixed a bug in `read' that caused it to occasionally free memory twice if
+ it was interrupted after reading a large amount of data.
+
+ccc. Assignment statements that attempt to assign values to readonly variables
+ now cause the command to return an error status.
+
+ddd. Fixed a bug that could cause incorrect output if a $(<file) construct was
+ interrupted.
+
+eee. GROUPS and FUNCNAME now return an error status when assignment is
+ attempted, but may be unset (in which case they lose their special
+ properties). In all respects except unsetting, they are readonly.
+
+fff. The string-to-integer conversion code now ignores trailing whitespace in
+ the string, even if strtol(3) does not.
+
+ggg. The tcsh magic-space function now does a better job of inserting the
+ space close to where the point was before the history expansion, rather
+ than just appending it.
+
+hhh. Fixed a bug which caused a file sourced from an interactive shell to
+ fill up the jobs table if it ran lots of jobs.
+
+iii. Fixed a bug in the parameter pattern substitution code to avoid infinite
+ recursion on zero-length matches.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. When setting the terminal attributes on systems using `struct termio',
+ readline waits for output to drain before changing the attributes.
+
+b. A fix was made to the history word tokenization code to avoid attempts to
+ dereference a null pointer.
+
+c. Readline now defaults rl_terminal_name to $TERM if the calling application
+ has left it unset, and tries to initialize with the resultant value.
+
+d. Instead of calling (*rl_getc_function)() directly to get input in certain
+ places, readline now calls rl_read_key() consistently.
+
+e. Fixed a bug in the completion code that allowed a backslash to quote a
+ single quote inside a single-quoted string.
+
+f. rl_prompt is no longer assigned directly from the argument to readline(),
+ but uses memory allocated by readline. This allows constant strings to
+ be passed to readline without problems arising when the prompt processing
+ code wants to modify the string.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that caused non-interactive history searches to return the
+ wrong line when performing multiple searches backward for the same string.
+
+h. Many variables, function arguments, and function return values are now
+ declared `const' where appropriate, to improve behavior when linking with
+ C++ code.
+
+i. The control character detection code now works better on systems where
+ `char' is unsigned by default.
+
+j. The vi-mode numeric argument is now capped at 999999, just like emacs mode.
+
+k. The Function, CPFunction, CPPFunction, and VFunction typedefs have been
+ replaced with a set of specific prototyped typedefs, though they are
+ still in the readline header files for backwards compatibility.
+
+m. Nearly all of the (undocumented) internal global variables in the library
+ now have an _rl_ prefix -- there were a number that did not, like
+ screenheight, screenwidth, alphabetic, etc.
+
+n. The ding() convenience function has been renamed to rl_ding(), though the
+ old function is still defined for backwards compatibility.
+
+o. The completion convenience functions filename_completion_function,
+ username_completion_function, and completion_matches now have an rl_
+ prefix, though the old names are still defined for backwards compatibility.
+
+p. The functions shared by readline and bash (linkage is satisfied from bash
+ when compiling with bash, and internally otherwise) now have an sh_ prefix.
+
+q. Changed the shared library creation procedure on Linux and BSD/OS 4.x so
+ that the `soname' contains only the major version number rather than the
+ major and minor numbers.
+
+r. Fixed a redisplay bug that occurred when the prompt spanned more than one
+ physical line and contained invisible characters.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. Added a new `--init-file' invocation argument as a synonym for `--rcfile',
+ per the new GNU coding standards.
+
+b. The /dev/tcp and /dev/udp redirections now accept service names as well as
+ port numbers.
+
+c. `complete' and `compgen' now take a `-o value' option, which controls some
+ of the aspects of that compspec. Valid values are:
+
+ default - perform bash default completion if programmable
+ completion produces no matches
+ dirnames - perform directory name completion if programmable
+ completion produces no matches
+ filenames - tell readline that the compspec produces filenames,
+ so it can do things like append slashes to
+ directory names and suppress trailing spaces
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. The blink timeout for paren matching is now settable by applications.
+
+b. _rl_executing_macro has been renamed to rl_executing_macro, which means
+ it's now part of the public interface.
+
+c. Readline has a new variable, rl_readline_state, which is a bitmap that
+ encapsulates the current state of the library; intended for use by
+ callbacks and hook functions.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.04-release,
+and the previous version, bash-2.04-beta5.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Better compile-time and configure-time checks for the necessity of
+ inet_aton().
+
+b. A bug was fixed in the expansion of "${@:-}" when there are positional
+ parameters.
+
+c. A typo was fixed in the output of `complete'.
+
+d. The matches generated for a word by the `-W' argument to complete and
+ compgen are now matched against the word being completed, and only
+ matches are returned as the result.
+
+e. Some fixes were made for systems which do not restart read(2) when a
+ signal caught by bash is received.
+
+f. A bug was fixed which caused the umask to be set to 0 when an invalid
+ symbolic mode mask was parsed.
+
+g. Fixed a bug that could cause a core dump if a SIGCHLD was received while
+ performing an assignment statement using command substitution.
+
+h. Changed the word splitting function for programmable completion so cases
+ in which the cursor is between words are handled a bit better.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. rl_funmap_names() is now documented.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. The LC_NUMERIC variable is now treated specially, and used to set the
+ LC_NUMERIC locale category for number formatting, e.g., when `printf'
+ displays floating-point numbers.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.04-beta5,
+and the previous version, bash-2.04-beta4.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. A couple of changes were made to the Makefiles for easier building on
+ non-Unix systems.
+
+b. Fixed a bug where the current prompt would be set to $PS2 at startup.
+
+c. The shell script that tests an already-installed version was changed to
+ remove the directory it created its test programs in at exit.
+
+d. Several changes were made to the code that tokenizes an input line for
+ the programmable completion code. Shell metacharacters will now appear
+ as individual words in the word list passed to the completion functions.
+ Some of the example completion shell functions were changed to understand
+ redirection operators.
+
+e. A bug was fixed that, under obscure circumstances, could confuse the
+ parser when a shell function was run by the programmable completion code.
+
+f. A bug was fixed in the ulimit builtin for systems not using getrlimit().
+
+g. The execution code now propagates the correct exit status back to the rest
+ of the code if the return value of a subshell command was being inverted.
+ Some new test cases for inverting return values with the `!' reserved
+ word have been added.
+
+h. Negative exponents in the arithmetic evaluation of v**e now return an
+ evaluation error.
+
+i. A bug that caused bash to check the wrong process in a pipeline for
+ abnormal termination (and consequently resetting the terminal attributes)
+ was fixed.
+
+j. Fixed a bug that caused $PS2 to be displayed after PROMPT_COMMAND was
+ executed.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+1. Fixed a bug in a C preprocessor define that caused the keypad control
+ functions to be compiled out for all platforms except DJGPP.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.04-beta4,
+and the previous version, bash-2.04-beta3.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. A couple of changes were made to the redirection to attempt to avoid
+ race conditions and malicious file replacement.
+
+2. A change was made to the string evaluation code (used for command
+ substitution, `eval', and the `.' builtin) to fix an obscure core
+ dump on alpha machines.
+
+3. A bug that caused $LINENO to be wrong when executing arithmetic for
+ commands was fixed.
+
+4. A couple of memory leaks in the programmable completion code were fixed.
+
+5. A bug that could cause a core dump by freeing memory twice during a call
+ to `eval' if `set -u' had been enabled and an undefined variable was
+ referenced was fixed.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.04-beta3,
+and the previous version, bash-2.04-beta2.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Bash should run the appropriate startup files when invoked by ssh2.
+
+b. Fixed a bug in the parsing of conditional commands that could cause a
+ core dump.
+
+c. Fixed a bug in parsing job specifications that occasionally caused
+ core dumps when an out-of-range job was referenced.
+
+d. Fixed the `type' and `command' builtins to do better reporting of
+ commands that are not found in $PATH or the hash table.
+
+e. Fixed a POSIX.2 compliance problem in the command builtin -- commands
+ are supposed to be reported as full pathnames.
+
+f. The `echo' builtin now returns failure if a write error occurs.
+
+g. Fixed a bug which caused the locale to not be reset correctly when
+ LC_ALL was unset.
+
+h. Changed description of `getopts' in man page and reference manual to make
+ it clear that option characters may be characters other than letters.
+
+i. If the shell exits while in a function, make sure that any trap on EXIT
+ doesn't think the function is still executing.
+
+j. Bashbug now tries harder to find a usable editor if $EDITOR is not set,
+ rather than simply defaulting to `emacs'.
+
+k. Changes to the scripts that guess and canonicalize the system type, from
+ the latest `automake' distribution via Debian.
+
+l. When using named pipes for process substitution, make sure the file
+ descriptors opened for reading are set to non-blocking mode.
+
+m. Fixed a bug that caused termination of pipelines that are killed by a
+ signal to not be reported in some cases.
+
+n. When not in literal-history mode, shell comment lines are not added to
+ the history list.
+
+o. When running in POSIX.2 mode, bash no longer performs word splitting on
+ the expanded value of the word supplied as the filename argument to
+ redirection operators.
+
+p. The prompt string decoding code now backslash-quotes only characters that
+ are special within double quotes when expanding the \w and \W escape
+ sequences.
+
+q. Fixed a bug in the prompt decoding code that could cause a non-interactive
+ shell to seg fault if `\u' was used in PS4 and the shell was in xtrace
+ mode.
+
+r. Fixed a bug that caused function definitions to be printed with any
+ redirections that should be attached to the entire function before the
+ closing brace.
+
+s. Changed the tilde expansion code for Cygwin systems to avoid creating
+ pathnames beginning with `//' if $HOME == `/'.
+
+t. Fixed a couple of autoconf tests to avoid creating files with fixed names
+ in /tmp.
+
+u. The `trap' and `kill' builtins now know the names of the POSIX.1b real-
+ time signals on systems which support them.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a problem with the single-quote quoting function that could cause
+ buffer overflows.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused incorrect `stat characters' to be printed if
+ the files being completed were in the root directory and visible-stats
+ was enabled.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. There is a new `rbash.1' manual page, from the Debian release.
+
+b. The `--enable-usg-echo-default' option to `configure' has been renamed to
+ `--enable-xpg-echo-default'. The old option is still there for backwards
+ compatibility.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.04-beta2,
+and the previous version, bash-2.04-beta1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that could cause pipes to be closed inappropriately in
+ some obscure cases.
+
+b. Fixed a bug that caused creation of the exported environment to clobber
+ the current command string if there were any exported shell functions.
+
+c. Some changes were made to reduce bash's memory usage.
+
+d. Fixed a problem with programmable completion and filenames to be
+ completed containing quote characters.
+
+e. Changed the code the removes named pipes created for the <(...) and >(...)
+ expansions to defer removal until after any current shell function has
+ finished executing.
+
+f. Fixed a bug in `select' which caused it to not handle the `continue'
+ builtin correctly.
+
+g. Autoconf tests added for cygwin32 and mingw32.
+
+2. New Features in Bash
+
+a. The `--with-bash-malloc' configure option replaces `--with-gnu-malloc'
+ (which is still there for backwards compatibility).
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.04-beta1,
+and the previous version, bash-2.04-alpha1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug in the programmable completion code that occurred when
+ trying to complete command lines containing a `;' or `@'.
+
+b. The file descriptor from which the shell is reading a script is now
+ moved to a file descriptor above the user-addressible range.
+
+c. Changes to `printf' so that it can handle integers beginning with 0
+ or 0x as octal and hex, respectively.
+
+d. Fixes to the programmable completion code so it handles nonsense like
+ `compgen -C xyz' gracefully.
+
+e. The shell no longer modifies the signal handler for SIGPROF, allowing
+ profiling again on certain systems.
+
+f. The shell checks for a new window size, if the user has requested it,
+ after a process exits due to a signal.
+
+g. Fixed a bug with variables with null values in a program's temporary
+ environment and the bash getenv() replacement.
+
+h. `declare' and the other builtins that take variable assignments as
+ arguments now honor `set -a' and mark modified variables for export.
+
+i. Some changes were made for --dump-po-strings mode when writing strings
+ with embedded newlines.
+
+j. The code that caches export strings from the initial environment now
+ duplicates the string rather than just pointing into the environment.
+
+k. The filename completion quoting code now uses single quotes by default
+ if the filename being completed contains newlines, since \<newline>
+ has a special meaning to the parser.
+
+l. Bash now uses typedefs bits32_t and u_bits32_t instead of int32_t and
+ u_int32_t, respectively to avoid conflicts on certain Unix versions.
+
+m. Configuration changes were made for: Rhapsody, Mac OS, FreeBSD-3.x.
+
+n. Fixed a problem with hostname-to-ip-address translation in the
+ /dev/(tcp|udp)/hostname/port redirection code.
+
+o. The texinfo manual has been reorganized slightly.
+
+p. Filename generation (globbing) range comparisons in bracket expressions
+ no longer use strcoll(3) even if it is available, since it has unwanted
+ effects in certain locales.
+
+q. Fixed a cosmetic problem in the source that caused the shell to not
+ compile if DPAREN_ARITHMETIC was not defined but ARITH_FOR_COMMAND was.
+
+r. Fixed a bug in the here-document code tripped when the file descriptor
+ opened to the file containing the text of the here document was the
+ same as a redirector specified by the user.
+
+s. Fixed a bug where the INVERT_RETURN flag was not being set for `pipeline'
+ in `time ! pipeline'.
+
+t. Fixed a bug with the `wait' builtin which manifested itself when an
+ interrupt was received while the shell was waiting for asynchronous
+ processes in a shell script.
+
+u. Fixed the DEBUG trap code so that it has the correct value of $?.
+
+v. Fixed a bug in the parameter pattern substitution code that could cause
+ the shell to attempt to free unallocated memory if the pattern started
+ with `/' and an expansion error occurs.
+
+w. Fixed a bug in the positional parameter substring code that could
+ cause the shell to loop freeing freed memory.
+
+x. Fixed a bug in the positional parameter pattern substitution code so
+ that it correctly handles null replacement strings with a pattern
+ string prefixed with `%' or `#'.
+
+y. The shell no longer attempts to import functions from the environment if
+ started with `-n'.
+
+z. Fixed a bug that caused `return' in a command substitution executed in
+ a shell function to return from the function in a subshell and continue
+ execution.
+
+aa. `hash -p /pathname/with/slashes name' is no longer allowed when the shell
+ is restricted.
+
+bb. The wait* job control functions now behave better if called when there
+ are no unwaited-for children.
+
+cc. Command substitution no longer unconditionally disables job control in
+ the subshell started to run the command.
+
+dd. A bug was fixed that occasionally caused traps to mess up the parser
+ state.
+
+ee. `bashbug' now honors user headers in the mail message it sends.
+
+ff. A bug was fixed that caused the `:p' history modifier to not print the
+ history expansion if the `histverify' option was set.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Fixed a bug in the redisplay code for lines with more than 256 line
+ breaks.
+
+b. A bug was fixed which caused invisible character markers to not be
+ stripped from the prompt string if the terminal was in no-echo mode.
+
+c. Readline no longer tries to get the variables it needs for redisplay
+ from the termcap entry if the calling application has specified its
+ own redisplay function. Readline treats the terminal as `dumb' in
+ this case.
+
+d. Fixes to the SIGWINCH code so that a multiple-line prompt with escape
+ sequences is redrawn correctly.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. `bashbug' now accepts `--help' and `--version' options.
+
+b. There is a new `xpg_echo' option to `shopt' that controls the behavior
+ of echo with respect to backslash-escaped characters at runtime.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.04-alpha1,
+and the previous version, bash-2.04-devel.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Fixed a bug that could cause core dumps when performing substring
+ expansion.
+
+b. Shared object configuration changes for: Solaris, OSF/1
+
+c. The POSIX_GLOB_LIBRARY code that uses the POSIX.2 globbing facilities
+ for pathname expansion now understands GLOBIGNORE.
+
+d. The code that implements `eval' was changed to save the value of the
+ current prompt, so an eval in a shell function called by the programmable
+ completion code will not change the prompt to $PS2.
+
+e. Restored the undocumented NON_INTERACTIVE_LOGIN_SHELLS #define to
+ config-top.h. If this is defined, all login shells will read the
+ startup files, not just interactive and non-interactive started with
+ the `--login' option.
+
+f. Fixed a bug that caused the expansion code to occasionally dump core if
+ IFS contained characters > 128.
+
+g. Fixed a problem with the grammar so that a newline is not required
+ after the `))' in the new-style arithmetic for statement; a semicolon
+ may be used as expected.
+
+h. Variable indirection may now reference the shell's special variables.
+
+i. The $'...' and $"..." constructs are now added to the history correctly
+ if they contain newlines and command-oriented history is enabled.
+
+j. It is now an error to try to assign a value to a function-local copy
+ of a readonly shell variable (declared with the `local' builtin).
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. The history file code now uses O_BINARY mode when reading and writing
+ the history file on cygwin32.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. A new programmable completion facility, with two new builtin commands:
+ complete and compgen.
+
+b. configure has a new option, `--enable-progcomp', to compile in the
+ programmable completion features (enabled by default).
+
+c. `shopt' has a new option, `progcomp', to enable and disable programmable
+ completion at runtime.
+
+d. Unsetting HOSTFILE now clears the list of hostnames used for completion.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. A new variable, rl_gnu_readline_p, always 1. The intent is that an
+ application can verify whether or not it is linked with the `real'
+ readline library or some substitute.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.04-devel,
+and the previous version, bash-2.03-release.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. System-specific configuration and source changes for: Interix, Rhapsody
+
+b. Fixed a bug in execute_cmd.c that resulted in a compile-time error if
+ JOB_CONTROL was not defined.
+
+c. An obscure race condition in the trap code was fixed.
+
+d. The string resulting from $'...' is now requoted to avoid any further
+ expansion.
+
+e. The $'...' quoting syntax now allows backslash to escape a single quote,
+ for ksh-93 compatibility.
+
+f. The $"..." quoting syntax now escapes backslashes and double quotes in
+ the translated string when displaying them with the --dump-po-strings
+ option.
+
+g. `echo -e' no longer converts \' to '.
+
+h. Fixes were made to the extended globbing code to handle embedded (...)
+ patterns better.
+
+i. Some improvements were made to the code that unsets `nodelay' mode on
+ the file descriptor from which bash is reading input.
+
+j. Some changes were made to the replacement termcap library for better
+ operation on MS-DOS.
+
+k. Some changes were made to the tilde expansion code to handle backslash
+ as a pathname separator on MS-DOS.
+
+l. The source has been reorganized a little bit -- there is now an `include'
+ subdirectory, and lib/posixheaders has been removed.
+
+m. Improvements were made to the `read' builtin so that it makes many
+ fewer read(2) system calls.
+
+n. The expansion of $- will include `c' and `s' when those options are
+ supplied at shell invocation.
+
+o. Several improvments were made to the completion code: variable completion
+ now works better when there are unterminated expansions, command
+ completion understands quotes better, and completion now works in certain
+ unclosed $(... constructs.
+
+p. The arithmetic expansion code was fixed to not need the value of a
+ variable being assigned a value (fixes the "ss=09; let ss=10" bug).
+
+q. Some changes were made to make exported environment creation faster.
+
+r. The html documentation will be installed into $(htmldir) if that variable
+ has a value when `make install' is run.
+
+s. Fixed a bug that would cause the bashrc file to be sourced inappropriately
+ when bash is started by sshd.
+
+t. The SSH_CLIENT environment variable is no longer auto-exported.
+
+u. A bug that caused redirections with (...) subshells to be performed in
+ the wrong order was fixed.
+
+v. A bug that occasionally caused inappropriate expansion of assignment
+ statements in compound array assignments was fixed.
+
+w. The code that parses the words in a compound array assignment was
+ simplified considerably and should work better now.
+
+x. Fixes to the non-job-control code in nojobs.c to make it POSIX.2-compliant
+ when a user attempts to retrieve the status of a terminated background
+ process.
+
+y. Fixes to the `printf' builtin so that it doesn't try to expand all
+ backslash escape sequences in the format string before parsing it for
+ % format specifiers.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. The history library tries to truncate the history file only if it is a
+ regular file.
+
+b. A bug that caused _rl_dispatch to address negative array indices on
+ systems with signed chars was fixed.
+
+c. rl-yank-nth-arg now leaves the history position the same as when it was
+ called.
+
+d. Changes to the completion code to handle MS-DOS drive-letter:pathname
+ filenames.
+
+e. Completion is now case-insensitive by default on MS-DOS.
+
+f. Fixes to the history file manipulation code for MS-DOS.
+
+g. Readline attempts to bind the arrow keys to appropriate defaults on MS-DOS.
+
+h. Some fixes were made to the redisplay code for better operation on MS-DOS.
+
+i. The quoted-insert code will now insert tty special chars like ^C.
+
+j. A bug was fixed that caused the display code to reference memory before
+ the start of the prompt string.
+
+k. More support for __EMX__ (OS/2).
+
+l. A bug was fixed in readline's signal handling that could cause infinite
+ recursion in signal handlers.
+
+m. A bug was fixed that caused the point to be less than zero when rl_forward
+ was given a very large numeric argument.
+
+n. The vi-mode code now gets characters via the application-settable value
+ of rl_getc_function rather than calling rl_getc directly.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+a. The history builtin has a `-d offset' option to delete the history entry
+ at position `offset'.
+
+b. The prompt expansion code has two new escape sequences: \j, the number of
+ active jobs; and \l, the basename of the shell's tty device name.
+
+c. The `bind' builtin has a new `-x' option to bind key sequences to shell
+ commands.
+
+d. There is a new shell option, no_empty_command_completion, which, when
+ enabled, disables command completion when TAB is typed on an empty line.
+
+e. The `help' builtin has a `-s' option to just print a builtin's usage
+ synopsys.
+
+f. There are several new arithmetic operators: id++, id-- (variable
+ post-increment/decrement), ++id, --id (variabl pre-increment/decrement),
+ expr1 , expr2 (comma operator).
+
+g. There is a new ksh-93 style arithmetic for command:
+ for ((expr1 ; expr2; expr3 )); do list; done
+
+h. The `read' builtin has a number of new options:
+ -t timeout only wait timeout seconds for input
+ -n nchars only read nchars from input instead of a full line
+ -d delim read until delim rather than newline
+ -s don't echo input chars as they are read
+
+i. The redirection code now handles several filenames specially:
+ /dev/fd/N, /dev/stdin, /dev/stdout, and /dev/stderr, whether or
+ not they are present in the file system.
+
+j. The redirection code now recognizes pathnames of the form
+ /dev/tcp/host/port and /dev/udp/host/port, and tries to open a socket
+ of the appropriate type to the specified port on the specified host.
+
+k. The ksh-93 ${!prefix*} expansion, which expands to the names of all
+ shell variables whose names start with prefix, has been implemented.
+
+l. There is a new dynamic variable, FUNCNAME, which expands to the name of
+ a currently-executing function. Assignments to FUNCNAME have no effect.
+
+m. The GROUPS variable is no longer readonly; assignments to it are silently
+ discarded. This means it can be unset.
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. Parentheses matching is now always compiled into readline, and enabled
+ or disabled when the value of the `blink-matching-paren' variable is
+ changed.
+
+b. MS-DOS systems now use ~/_inputrc as the last-ditch inputrc filename.
+
+c. MS-DOS systems now use ~/_history as the default history file.
+
+d. history-search-{forward,backward} now leave the point at the end of the
+ line when the string to search for is empty, like
+ {reverse,forward}-search-history.
+
+e. history-search-{forward,backward} now leave the last history line found
+ in the readline buffer if the second or subsequent search fails.
+
+f. New function for use by applications: rl_on_new_line_with_prompt, used
+ when an application displays the prompt itself before calling readline().
+
+g. New variable for use by applications: rl_already_prompted. An application
+ that displays the prompt itself before calling readline() must set this to
+ a non-zero value.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.03-release,
+and the previous version, bash-2.03-beta2.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. A file descriptor leak in the `fc' builtin was fixed.
+
+b. A bug was fixed in the `read' builtin that caused occasional spurious
+ failures when using `read -e'.
+
+c. The version code needed to use the value of the cpp variable
+ CONF_MACHTYPE rather than MACHTYPE.
+
+d. A new test was added to exercise the command printing and copying code.
+
+e. A bug was fixed that caused `time' to be recognized as a reserved word
+ if it was the first pattern in a `case' statement pattern list.
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.03-beta2,
+and the previous version, bash-2.03-beta1.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. Slight additions to support/shobj-conf, mostly for the benefit of AIX 4.2.
+
+b. config.{guess,sub} support added for the NEC SX4.
+
+c. Changed some of the cross-compiling sections of the configure macros in
+ aclocal.m4 so that configure won't abort.
+
+d. Slight changes to how the HTML versions of the bash and readline manuals
+ are generated.
+
+e. Fixed conditional command printing to avoid interpreting printf `%'-escapes
+ in arguments to [[.
+
+f. Don't include the bash malloc on all variants of the alpha processor.
+
+g. Changes to configure to make --enable-profiling work on Solaris 2.x.
+
+h. Fixed a bug that manifested itself when shell functions were called
+ between calls to `getopts'.
+
+i. Fixed pattern substitution so that a bare `#'as a pattern causes the
+ replacement string to be prefixed to the search string, and a bare
+ `%' causes the replacement string to be appended to the search string.
+
+j. Fixed a bug in the command execution code that caused child processes
+ to occasionally have the wrong value for $!.
+
+2. Changes to Readline
+
+a. Added code to the history library to catch history substitutions using
+ `&' without a previous history substitution or search having been
+ performed.
+
+3. New Features in Bash
+
+4. New Features in Readline
+
+a. New bindable variable: `isearch-terminators'.
+
+b. New bindable function: `forward-backward-delete-char' (unbound by default).
+
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+This document details the changes between this version, bash-2.03-beta1,
+and the previous version, bash-2.03-alpha.
+
+1. Changes to Bash
+
+a. A change was made to the help text for `{...}' to make it clear that a
+ semicolon is required before the closing brace.
+
+b. A fix was made to the `test' builtin so that syntax errors cause test
+ to return an exit status > 1.
+
+c. Globbing is no longer performed on assignment statements that appear as
+ arguments to `assignment builtins' such as `export'.
+
+d. System-specific configuration changes were made for: Rhapsody,
+ AIX 4.2/gcc, BSD/OS 4.0.
+
+e. New loadable builtins: ln, unlink.
+